(Syllabus) ENGINEERING SERVICES EXAM (ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING)

SYLLABUS : ENGINEERING SERVICES EXAM


ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

(For both objective and conventional type papers)

PAPER I

(1) Em Theory: 


Electric and magnetic fields. Gauss' Law and Ampere's Law. Fields in dielectrics, conductors and magnetic materials. Maxwell's equations. Time varying fields. Plane Wave propagation in di-electric and conducting media. Transmission lines.

(2) Electrical Materials: 


Band Theory, Conductors, Semiconductors and Insulators. Super-conductivity. Insulators for electrical and electronic applications. Magnetic materials. Ferro and ferri magnetism. Ceramics: Properties and applications. Hall effect and its applications. Special semi-conductors.

(3) Electrical Circuits: 


Circuit's elements. Kirchhoff 's Laws. Mesh and nodal analysis. Network Theorems and applications. Natural response and forced response. Transient response and steady state response for arbitrary inputs. Properties of networks in terms of poles and zeros. Transfer function. Resonant circuits. Three-phase circuits. two-part networks. Elements of two element network synthesis.

(4) Measurements and Instrumentation: 


Units and Standards. Error analysis, measurement of current. Voltage, power, Power-factor and energy. Indicating instruments. Measurement of resistance, inductance, capacitance and frequency. Bridge measurements. Electronic measuring instruments. Digital voltmeter and frequency counter. Transducers and their applications to the measurement of non-electrical quantities like temperature, pressure, flow-rate displacement, acceleration, noise level, etc. Data acquisition systems. A/D and D/A Converters.

(5) Control Systems: 


Mathematical modeling of physical systems. Block diagrams and signal flow graphs and their reduction. Time domain and frequency domain analysis of linear dynamical system. Errors for different types of inputs and stability criteria for feedback systems. 

Stability analysis using Routh-Hurwitz array, Nyquist plot and Bode plot. Root locus and Nicols chart and the estimation of gain and phase margin. Basic concepts of compensator design. State variable matrix and its use in system modeling and design. Sampled data system and performance of such a system with the samples in the error channel. 

Stability of sampled data system. Elements of non-linear control analysis. Control system components, electromechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic components.

PAPER II

(1)
Electrical Machines and Power Transformers: Magnetic Circuits-Analysis and Design of Power transformers.

Construction and testing. Equivalent circuits. Losses and efficiency. Regulation. Auto-transformer. 3-phase transformer. Parallel operation.

Basic concepts in rotating machines. EMF, torque, basic machine types. Construction and operation, leakage, losses and efficiency.

B.C. Machines. Construction, Excitation methods. Circuit models. Armature reaction and commutation. Characteristics and performance analysis. Generators and motors. Starting and speed control. Testing. Losses and efficiency.

Synchronous Machines. Construction. Circuit model. Operating characteristics and performance analysis. Synchronous reactance. Efficiency. Voltage regulation. Salient-pole machine. Parallel operation. Hunting. Short circuit transients.

Induction Machines. Construction. Principle of operation. Rotating fields. Characteristics and performance analysis. Determination of circuit model. Circle diagram. Starting and speed control. Fractional KW motors. Single-phase synchronous and induction motors.

(2) Power systems: 

Types of Power Stations, Hydro, Thermal and Nuclear Stations. Pumped storage plants. Economics and operating factors.

Power transmission lines. Modeling and performance characteristics. Voltage control. Load flow studies. Optimal power system operation. Load frequency control. Symmetrical short circuit analysis. Z-Bus formulation. Symmetrical Components. Per Unit representation. Fault analysis. Transient and steady-state stability of power systems. Equal area criterion.

Power system Transients. Power system Protection Circuit breakers. Relays. HVDC transmission.

(3) Analog and Digital Electronics and Circuits: 


Semiconductor device physics, PN junctions and transistors, circuit models and parameters, FET, Zener, tunnel, Schottky, photo diodes and their applications, rectifier circuits, voltage regulators and multipliers, switching behavior of diodes and transistors.

Small signal amplifiers, biasing circuits, frequency response and improvement, multi-stage amplifiers and feed-back amplifiers, D.C. amplifiers, Oscillators. Large signal amplifiers, coupling methods, push pull amplifiers, operational amplifiers, and wave shaping circuits. Multi-vibrators and flip-flops and their applications. Digital logic gate families, universal gates combinational circuits for arithmetic and logic operation, sequential logic circuits. Counters, registers, RAM and RGMs.

(4) Micro-processors: 

Micro-processor architecture Instruction set and simple assembly language programming. Interfacing for memory and I/O. Applications of Micro-processors in power system.

(5) Communication Systems: 


Types of modulation; AM, FM and PM. Demodulators. Noise and bandwidth considerations. Digital communication systems. Pulse code modulation and demodulation. Elements of sound and vision broadcasting. Carrier communication. Frequency division and time division multiplexing, Telemetry system in power engineering.

(6) Power Electronics: 


Power semi-conductor devices. Thyristor. Power transistor, GTOs and MOS-FETs. Characteristics and operation. AC to DC Converters; 1-phase and 3-phase DC to DC Converters; AC regulators. Thyristor controlled reactors, switched capacitor networks.

Inverters; Single-phase and 3-phase. Pulse width modulation. Sinusoidal modulation with uniform sampling. Switched mode power supplies.


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