Public Administration Mains 2017 : Model Question and
(Public Administration Paper II / Chapter: Plans and Priorities)
(Current Based) Question
: Explain the problems in planning process at State and district level.(20
Model Answer :
The Planning Process in India, having being highly centralized in the past as
highlighted by Ashok Chandra and K. Santhanam. The First ARC envisioned a
decentralized process and hence recommended establishment of District Planning
Boards with the District being the sub-state unit where data collection takes
place and has administrative institutions to facilitate such a planning process.
The decentralized planning machinery was given its Constitutional status under
the 74th CAA, 1992 as Article 243 of the Constitution. Planning has been an
integral part of the rapid economic development in India. The Niti Aayog at the
center, the State Planning Board at the state and the District Planning at the
sub state level prepare plans for development at their respective level. The
total outlook of planning in India is centralized hence the development plans
for the state and district level are worked out within the broad framework as
developed by the Niti Aayog.
Some of the issues in State planning process are :
1.The process of plan-formulation lacks vigor.
2. Dominance of the Central plan
3.Dependence on the grants from the Niti Aayog
4.People's participation is not there.
5. Irregular evaluation of the plans.
Some of the issues in district planning process are :
1.Role of planning not given adequate attention by the bureaucrats and
2. Detailed data on the resources not available.
3. State governments do not want to delegate adequate powers to lower levels.
4. Due to centralization, local problems couldn't be sufficiently addressed.
Therefore, despite the constitutional provision to devolve powers and create
a decentralized planning machinery, there is still much work to be done for to
get participation and its due recognition in the national plans. There should be
proper coordination of plans at the center, state and district level for an
inclusive growth. (Total Words- 296)
(Linkages : 1st ARC and decentralized planning process, District Planning
and District Planning Board, State Planning and Niti Aayog /State Planning