(IGP) Special Current Affairs Material for IAS (Pre) 2013
Chapter: Gist of Press Information
Topic: Green Economy
Q. When world environment day was founded?
World Environment Day was founded by the UN in 1972 on 5 June
to mark the opening of the Stockholm Conference on the Human Environment. 2012
marks the 40th anniversary of the United Nations Environment Programme and also
of World Environment Day (WED), and 20 years since the first UN Conference on
Sustainable Development (Earth Summit) in Brazil.
Q. What was the theme for 2012 world environment day?
The 2012 theme for World Environment Day is Green Economy. In its simplest
expression, a green economy can be thought of as one which is low carbon,
resource efficient and socially inclusive.
Q. What do you understand by Green Economy?
A Green Economy is one whose growth in income and employment
is driven by public and private investments that reduce carbon emissions and
pollution, enhance energy and resource efficiency, and prevent the loss of
biodiversity and ecosystems. The Green Economy touches almost every aspect of
our lives and concerns our development.
It is about sustainable energy, green jobs, low carbon
economies, green policies, green buildings, agriculture, fisheries, forestry,
industry, energy efficiency, sustainable tourism, sustainable transport, waste
management, water efficiency and all other resource efficiency. These are all
elements involved in the successful implementation of a green economy.
Q. What can be done to achieve Green Economy?
The actions which can be taken to achieve Green Economy are as under:
- Buildings: Energy audit can reduce your building’s climate footprint and
lead to significant savings in energy costs.
- Fisheries: We can avoid overfishing by working to promote sustainable
fishing practices. Choose sustainably harvested seafood.
- Forestry: Deforestation accounts for close to 20% of the world’s
greenhouse gas emissions. Use electronic files to reduce your demand for
paper products. When you support certified sustainable forest products, you
support a healthy environment and sustainable livelihoods.
Transport: Car-pooling or taking public transport reduces
environmental impacts and economic costs while strengthening community.
Walking or riding a bike for short trips is good for your health - and the
environment’s, too! When you choose alternative transportation methods, you
support a Green Economy in the transport sector.
Water: Taking small steps towards wise water use can help
conserve this precious resource. Turn off the tap when you’re not using it,
wait until you have a full load to run your washing machine, limit shower
time, and don’t water your lawn right after a rain. Resource efficiency is
key to a Green Economy and water is one of our most important resources.
Agriculture: It’s time to support sustainable agriculture
to ensure our ability to feed everyone. Grow your own vegetables, and shop
at local farmers’ markets. When you buy local, organic, and sustainable food
products, you send a message to producers that you support a Green Economy
Energy: You can support the development of clean,
renewable energy by choosing businesses and products that invest in them -
or by investing in them yourself. While we work towards a transition to
renewable energy, consider ways to improve your personal energy efficiency.
Turn off lights and unplug appliances when you are not using them.
Waste: Recycling appropriate materials and composting
food waste reduces the demand on our natural resources. In this significant
year for the environment and sustainable development, the world leaders will
once again meet at the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development
twenty years after the historic Earth.