Integrated Guidance Programme of General Studies for IAS
(Pre) - 2013
Subject - History of India &
Indian National Movement
Chapter : The Marathas
Shivaji belonged to Bhonsle Clan.
Guru Ramdas was his political Guru.
His coronation was held at Raigarh in 1674. His kingdom
was called Swaraj.
He adoped the titles of Chhatrapati, Haindava
Dharmodharak & Kshatriya Kulavatamsa.
He had confrontation with Afzal Khan of Bijapur in 1659.
He also had confrontation with Shayista Khan in 1660.
He sacked Surat in 1664 again in 1670.
Died in 1680
- Balaji Viswanath 1713-20
- Baji Rao I 1720-40
- Balaji Baji Rao 1740-61
- Mahadev Rao 1761-72
- Narayan Rao 1772-73
- Swami Madhav Rao 1773-95
- Baji Rao Ji 1795-1818
Maratha Families and Their Headquarters
- The first Peshwa, in 1713.
- Induced Zulfiquar Khan to pay Chauth and Sardeshmukhi of Deccan.
- Helped the Sayyid brothers to overthrow Farruksiyar
- Introduced Saranjami System
Baji Rao I
- The greatest exponent of Guerrilla tactics after Shivaji
- Worsted Nizam-ul-Mulk twice.
- Compaigned against the Portuguese-captured Salsette & Bassein
- Compaigned against the Sidis of Janjira
- Propounded concept of Hindu Pad Padshahi, Real architect of Maratha Empire.
Balaji Baji Rao (Nana Sahib)
Maratha families came into prominence.
By the will of the king Shahu the Peshwa became the
Capital was shifted to Poona from Satara.
Invaded Bengal repeatedly – gained Orissa.
Helped Imad-ul-mulk to become Wazir.
Invasion of Ahmed Shah Abdali – Battle of Panipat 1761 –
the nominal head of the Maratha army was Viswas Rao and the actual commander
was Sadasiva Rao Bhao (killed in the battle). Artillery was under the
command of Ibrahim Gardi.
Baji Rao II
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