Analysis of IAS Mains 2015: General Studies Question Paper -
Each question carries 12.5 Marks (12.5×20 = 250 Marks)
GS Paper-2 deals with Polity & Governance, Social Justice & Welfare and
|GS Mains Paper-2
|Evolution of Constitution
|Separation of Powers
|Federal Structure & Local Administration
|Constitutional, Regulatory, Statutory and Quasi- Judicial
|Urban and Rural Welfare Schemes
|Social Sectors & Services
|Accountability, E-Governance and Citizen Charter
|NGO, SHG, Pressure Groups and Civil Services
|Foreign Policy of India
|Neighbors of India
Polity: Evolution of Constitution
- Discuss the possible factors that inhibit India from enacting for its
citizens a uniform civil code as provided for in the Directive Principles of
- Khap Panchayats have been in the news for functioning as
extra-constitutional authorities, often delivering pronouncements amounting
to human rights violations. Discuss critically the actions taken by the
legislative, executive and the judiciary to set the things right in this
- Does the right to clean environment entail legal regulations on burning
crackers during Diwali? Discuss in the light of Article 21 of the Indian
Constitution and Judgement(s) of the Apex Court in this regard.
Polity: Separation of Powers
- Resorting to ordinances has always raised concern on violation of the
spirit of separation of powers doctrine. While noting the rationales
justifying the power to promulgate ordinances, analyze whether the decisions
of the Supreme Court on the issue have further facilitated resorting to this
power. Should the power to promulgate ordinances be repealed?
Polity: Federal Structure & Local Administration
- The concept of cooperative federalism has been increasingly emphasized
in recent years. Highlight the drawbacks in the existing structure and the
extent to which cooperative federalism would answer the shortcomings.
- In absence of a well-educated and organized local level government
system, `Panchayats’ and ‘Samitis’ have remained mainly political
institutions and not effective instruments of governance. Critically
Polity: Constitutional, Regulatory, Statutory and Quasi- Judicial Bodies
- What are the major changes brought in the Arbitration and Conciliation
Act, 1996 through the recent Ordinance promulgated by the President? How far
will it improve India’s dispute resolution mechanism? Discuss.
- “For achieving the desired objectives, it is necessary to ensure that
the regulatory institutions remain independent and autonomous.” Discuss in
the light of the experiences in recent past.
Welfare Schemes : Urban and Rural
- Though there have been several different estimates of poverty in India,
all indicate reduction in poverty levels over time. Do you agree? Critically
examine with reference to urban and rural poverty indicators.
Welfare: Social Sectors & Services
- The quality of higher education in India requires major improvements to
make it internationally competitive. Do you think that the entry of foreign
educational institutions would help improve the quality of higher and
technical education in the country? Discuss.
- Public health system has limitations in providing universal health
coverage. Do you think that the private sector could help in bridging the
gap? What other viable alternatives would you suggest?
Governance: Accountability, E-Governance and Citizen Charter
- In the light of the Satyam Scandal (2009), discuss the changes brought
in corporate governance to ensure transparency, accountability.
- “If amendment bill to the Whistleblowers Act, 2011 tabled in the
Parliament is passed, there may be no one left to protect.” Critically
Development : NGO, SHG, Pressure Groups and Civil Services
- Examine critically the recent changes in the rules governing foreign
funding of NGOs under the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act (FCRA),
- The Self-Help Group (SHG) Bank Linkage Programme (SBLP), which is
India’s own innovation, has proved to be one of the most effective poverty
alleviation and women empowerment programmes. Elucidate.
- How can the role of NGOs be strengthened in India for development works
relating to protection of the environment? Discuss throwing light on the
International Relations : Foreign Policy of India
- Project `Mausam’ is considered a unique foreign policy initiative of the
Indian Government to improve relationship with its neighbors. Does the
project have a strategic dimension? Discuss.
- Terrorist activities and mutual distrust have clouded India-Pakistan
relations. To what extent the use of soft power like sports and cultural
exchanges could help generate goodwill between the two countries? Discuss
with suitable examples.
International Relations :Neighbors of India
- Increasing interest of India in Africa has its pros and cons. Critically
- Discuss the impediments India is facing in its pursuit of a permanent
seat in UN Security Council.