Syllabus of Examination
Political Science (Optional)
Political Science and International
PAPER - I
Political Theory and Indian Politics:
- Political Theory: meaning and approaches.
- Theories of the State: Liberal, Neoliberal, Marxist, Pluralist,
Post-colonial and feminist.
- Justice: Conceptions of justice with special reference to Rawl’s theory
of justice and its communitarian critiques.
- Equality: Social, political and economic; relationship between equality
and freedom; Affirmative action.
- Rights: Meaning and theories; different kinds of rights; concept of
- Democracy: Classical and contemporary theories; different models of
democracy – representative, participatory and deliberative.
- Concept of power, hegemony, ideology and legitimacy.
- Political Ideologies: Liberalism, Socialism,Marxism, Fascism, Gandhism
- Indian Political Thought : Dharamshastra, Arthashastra and Buddhist
traditions; Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, Sri Aurobindo, M.K. Gandhi, B.R.
Ambedkar,M.N. Roy .
- Western Political Thought: Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke,
John S. Mill, Marx, Gramsci, Hannah Arendt.
Indian Government and Politics:
1. Indian Nationalism:
- (a) Political Strategies of India’s Freedom Struggle: Constitutionalism
to mass Satyagraha, Non-cooperation, Civil Disobedience; Militant and
revolutionary movements, Peasant and workers’ movements.
- (b) Perspectives on Indian National Movement: Liberal, Socialist and
Marxist; Radical humanist and Dalit.
2. Making of the Indian Constitution: Legacies of the British rule; different
social and political perspectives.
3. Salient Features of the Indian Constitution: The Preamble, Fundamental
Rights and Duties, Directive Principles; Parliamentary System and Amendment
Procedures; Judicial Review and Basic Structure doctrine.
4. (a) Principal Organs of the Union Government: Envisaged role and actual
working of the Executive, Legislature and SupremeCourt.
(b) Principal Organs of the State Government: Envisaged role and actual working
of the Executive, Legislature and High Courts.
5. Grassroots Democracy: Panchayati Raj and Municipal Government;
significance of 73rd and 74th Amendments; Grassroot movements.
6. Statutory Institutions/Commissions: Election Commission, Comptroller and
Auditor General, Finance Commission, Union Public Service Commission, National
Commission for Scheduled Castes,National Commission for Scheduled Tribes,
National Commission for Women; National Human Rights Commission, National
Commission for Minorities, National Backward Classes Commission.
7. Federalism: Constitutional provisions; changing nature of centre-state
relations; integrationist tendencies and regional aspirations; inter-state
8. Planning and Economic Development : Nehruvian and Gandhian perspectives;
role of planning and public sector; Green Revolution,land reforms and agrarian
relations; liberalilzation and economic reforms.
9. Caste, Religion and Ethnicity in Indian Politics.
10. Party System: National and regional political parties, ideological and
social bases of parties; patterns of coalition politics; Pressure groups, trends
in electoral behaviour; changing socio- economic profile of Legislators.
11. Social Movements: Civil liberties and human rights movements; women’s
movements; environmentalist movements.
PAPER – II
Comparative Politics and International Relations Comparative Political
Analysis and International Politics:
1. Comparative Politics: Nature and major approaches; political economy and
political sociology perspectives; limitations of the comparative method.
2. State in comparative perspective: Characteristics and changing nature of the
State in capitalist and socialist economies, and, advanced industrial and
3. Politics of Representation and Participation: Political parties, pressure
groups and social movements in advanced industrial and developing societies.
4. Globalisation: Responses from developed and developing societies.
5. Approaches to the Study of International Relations: Idealist, Realist,
Marxist, Functionalist and Systems theory.
6. Key concepts in International Relations: National interest, Security and
power; Balance of power and deterrence; Transnational actors and collective
security; World capitalist economy and globalisation.
7. Changing International Political Order:
(a) Rise of super powers; strategic and ideological Bipolarity, arms race and
Cold War; nuclear threat;
(b) Non-aligned movement: Aims and achievements;
(c) Collapse of the Soviet Union; Unipolarity and American hegemony; relevance
of non-alignment in the contemporary world.
8. Evolution of the International Economic System: From Brettonwoods to WTO;
Socialist economies and the CMEA (Council for Mutual Economic Assistance); Third
World demand for new international economic order; Globalisation of the world
9. United Nations: Envisaged role and actual record; specialized UN
agencies-aims and functioning; need for UN reforms.
10. Regionalisation of World Politics: EU, ASEAN, APEC, SAARC, NAFTA.
11. Contemporary Global Concerns: Democracy, human rights, environment, gender
justice, terrorism, nuclear proliferation.
India and the World:
1. Indian Foreign Policy: Determinants of foreign policy; institutions of
policy-making; continuity and change.
2. India’s Contribution to the Non-Alignment Movement: Different phases; current
3. India and South Asia:
(a) Regional Co-operation: SAARC – past performance and future prospects.
(b) South Asia as a Free Trade Area.
(c) India’s “Look East” policy.
(d) Impediments to regional co-operation: river water disputes; illegal
cross-border migration; ethnic conflicts and insurgencies; border disputes.
4. India and the Global South: Relations with Africa and Latin America;
leadership role in the demand for NIEO and WTO negotiations.
5. India and the Global Centres of Power: USA, EU, Japan, China and Russia.
6. India and the UN System: Role in UN Peace-keeping; demand for Permanent Seat
in the Security Council.
7. India and the Nuclear Question: Changing perceptions and policy.
8. Recent developments in Indian Foreign policy: India’s position on the recent
crisis in Afghanistan, Iraq and West Asia, growing relations with US and Israel;
vision of a new world order.
- Our Constitution by Subhash C Kashyap
- Our Parliament by Subhash C Kashyap
- Perspective on Constitution (ED) by P.M Bakshi
- Constitution by D.D. Basu
- IIPA Journal
Reference Book List topic wise:
Political Theory and Indian Politics
• George H. Sabine ( Western political theory)
• Eddy Ashrivatham (Political theory)
• C.L. Wayper (Political thought)
• O.P. Gauba (An introduction to political thought)
• R.M. Bhagat (Western political thought)
• Amal Roy and Mohit Bhattacharya (political theory, ideas and institutions)
• S.P. Varma (Modern political theory)
• J.C. Jauhary (Comparative politics)
• A.S. Sandhu (Political theory)
• Pukharaj Jain (Political thought)
Indian Constitution And Politics
• M.V. Paylee (Indian Constitution)
• D.D Basu (An introduction to Indian constitution)
• V.N. Shukla (Constitution of India, couple of chapters are really relevant)
• A.C. Kapoor (Comparative Governments)
• V.P. Varma (Indian political theory)
• K.R. Bombwal (Comparative constitutions)
• Bipin Chandra (Freedom struggle)
• Simit Sarkar (Modern India)
• A.R. Desai (Social background of Indian Nationalism)
• Paul Brass (Politics in India since independence)
• Independent India : First Fifty Years - Hiranyamay Kelkar
• Indian foreign policy agenda for 21st century (1998 Foreign service institute)
• India's foreign policy in a changing world (1999) - V.P. Dutt
• People's right and the state in the third world - Manjooran Mohanty & Partha
• World politics in the twentieth century - Paul Kenedy
• Nuclear India (1998) Jasjit Singh
Further Suggested Readings
Paper I - Section A
A History of Political thought—Subrata Mukherjee, Susheela Ramaswamy
A History of Political thought —J.P. Suda
For Manu & Kautilya : Foundations of Indian Political thought — V.R. Mehta
Modern Political Theory —S.P. Verma
Modern Political Theory —Madan Gandhi
Political Theory —Eddy Ashirvatham
Political Theory —J.C. Johri
Political Theory —Ray & Bhattacharya
Political Theory —O.P. Gauba
Paper I - Section B
Comparative Govt. & Politics —J.C. Johri
Comparative Govt. & Politics —Ronald Chilkote
Modern Indian Political Thinkers —V.P. Verma
Foundations of Indian Political Thought —V.R. Mehta
Indian Govt. and Politics —A.S. Narang
Indian Govt. and Politics —J.R. Siwach
Indian Govt and Politics —M.P. Singh, Himanshu Roy
Politics in India —Rajani Kothari
Govt. and Politics of India —W.H. Morris Jones
Paper II -Section A
Theoretical aspects of International Politics —Mahendra Kumar
Politics among Nations —Morganthu