R.A.S./R.T.S. Prelim Examination
Solved Question Paper
(Held on 7-1-2009)
1. Who among the following supported ‘partyless democracy’
(A) Jawaharlal Nehru
(B) Mao-Tse Tung
(C) Jayaprakash Narayan
(D) Lal Bahadur Shastri
2. Who among the following identified democracy with corruption, machine
politics and gangsterism ?
(C) Robert Dahl
(D) C. W. Mills
3. Who among the following is associated with the ‘Iron Law of Oligarchy’ ?
4. Who among the following gave the concept of ‘mass mind’ ?
5. A constitutional government stands for—
(A) a limited government
(B) a government run according to the provisions of the constitution
(C) a government run according to the wishes of the rulers
(D) a government run according to the wishes of the party bosses
6. Who said, “Man is born free but everywhere he is in chains.” ?
7. Which one of the following is the main feature of deliberative democracy ?
(A) Parliamentary sovereignty
(B) Executive supremacy
(C) Judicial autonomy
(D) People’s effective participation
8. Which one of the following is not a Political Right ?
(A) Right to vote
(B) Right to contest election
(C) Right to equality before Law
(D) Right to form a political party
9. Which one of the following is not a state ?
10. Who said, “The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of
class struggle.” ?
11. Who among the following was a great supporter of the Divine Theory of
Origin of the State ?
(B) J. S. Mill
(D) James I
12. Marx advocated the establishment of a—
(A) Classless society
(B) Stateless society
(C) Casteless society
(D) Classless and Stateless society
13. Marx propounded the theory of class struggle mainly in—
(A) The Economic and Political Manuscript
(B) The Communist Manifesto
(C) Das Capital
(D) The Poverty of Philosophy
14. Which one of the following is not a Civil Right ?
(A) Right to life
(B) Right to speech
(C) Right to equality
(D) Right to hold public office
15. Who said, “Socialism in like a hat that has lost its shape, because
everybody wears it.” ?
16. Which one of the following is regarded as a landmark event in the
development of socialism ?
(A) The Glorious Revolution of 1688
(B) The French Revolution of 1789
(C) The American Declaration of Independence of 1776
(D) The Russian Revolution of 1917
17. Who said, “Means are after all everything. As the means, so the end;
there is no walls of separation between means and ends.” ?
18. Who called Mahatma Gandhi ‘a half-naked fakir ?
19. Which one of the following is not a statement of Karl Marx ?
(A) The state will wither away
(B) There will be a classless and stateless society
(C) Capitalism digs its own grave
(D) Globalisation is another form of capitalism
20. Which of the following were the first two states to introduce the
Panchayati Raj ?
(A) Rajasthan and Punjab
(B) Rajasthan and Bihar
(C) Rajasthan and Andhra Pradesh
(D) Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh
21. Marx borrowed Dialectical Method from—
22. In a parliamentary form of government, ministers are appointed by—
(A) the head of the State at his discretion
(B) the head of the government
(C) the legislature
(D) the head of the state on the recommendation of the head of the government
23. Which one of the following is an essential feature of the presidential
(A) Collective responsibility
(B) Fixed term
(C) Accountability to legislature
(D) Nominal head of the state
24. The Prime Minister and his Council of Ministers in a Parliamentary form
of Government remain in office—
(A) so long as they enjoy the confidence of the head of the state
(B) so long as they enjoy the confidence of the voters
(C) so long as they fulfill promises made to the electorate
(D) so long as they enjoy the confidence of the popular house of the legislature
25. In a parliamentary system, the accountability of the Prime Minister to
the Lower House is—
(A) direct and continuous
(D) only during the sitting of the Lower Hosue
26. Bicameralism is an essential feature of—
(A) Parliamentary system
(B) Presidential system
(C) Federal system
(D) Unitary system
27. Who gave the Slogan of ‘do or die’ in 1942 ?
(A) Bal Gangadhar Tilak
(B) Jawaharlal Nehru
(C) Lala Lajpat Rai
(D) Mahatma Gandhi
28. According to Lucian Pye, the elements of political development are—
(A) Participation, integration and industrialization
(B) Political unification, participation and national welfare
(C) Political unification, economic development and national welfare
(D) Equality, capacity and differentiation
29. Who among the following talked of ‘development trap’ ?
(A) Lucian Pye
(B) Fred Riggs
(C) Myron Weiner
(D) Edward Shils
30. The split between the moderates and the extremists of the Indian National
Congress took place at the—
(A) Surat session
(B) Delhi session
(C) Calcutta session
(D) Bombay session
31. The first President of the Indian National Congress was—
(A) A. O. Hume
(B) W. C. Banerjee
(C) Surendra Nath Banerjee
(D) Madan Mohan Malviya
32. Which one of the following was not a feature of the Government of India
Act, 1935 ?
(A) It abolished dyarchy in the provinces
(B) It abolished the Federal Court
(C) It introduced bicameralism
(D) It further extended the principle of communal representation
33. Who among the following is an acclaimed analyst of political parties ?
34. The Montague-Chelmsford Report formed the basis of—
(A) The Indian Councils Act, 1909
(B) The Government of India Act, 1919
(C) The Government of India Act, 1935
(D) The Indian Independence Act, 1947
35. The resolution for removing the Vice-President of India can be moved in
(A) Lok Sabha alone
(B) Rajya Sabha alone
(C) Either House of Parliament
(D) Joint sitting of Parliament
36. Which one of the following statements is not correct ?
(A) The President of India is elected for a term of five years
(B) He can resign his office by writing under hand addressed to the Prime
Minister of India
(C) He shall not hold any office of profit
(D) He shall not be a member of any House of Parliament
37. Which one of the following statements is not correct ?
(A) Lahore session of the Congress and opted a resolution of Purna Swaraj
(B) Simon Commission was appointed in 1927
(C) Dyarchy was introduced by the 1919 Act
(D) Dr. B. R. Ambedkar was elected President of the Constituent Assembly in 1946
38. Who among the following administered the Oath of Office to Jawaharlal
Nehru as the first Prime Minister of India ?
(A) C. Rajagopalachari
(B) Dr. Rajendra Prasad
(C) Lord Mountbatten
(D) Chief Justice of Federal Court
39. Which one of the following was not a feature of the Indian Independence
Act of 1947 ?
(A) It ended the British rule
(B) It provided for the partition of India
(C) It abolished the office of the Secretary of State for India
(D) It abolished the office of the Governor-General
40. Which one of the following statements is not correct ?
(A) The Union Ministers are appointed by the President of India
(B) They hold office during the pleasure of the President
(C) The President cannot appoint any one not recommended by the Prime Minister
(D) The Constitution provides for individual and collective responsibility of
41. There is a single Constitution for the Union and the States with the
(D) Jammu and Kashmir
42. One-third members of the Rajya Sabha retire after—
(A) two years
(B) four years
(C) five years
(D) six years
43. There were two Deputy Prime Ministers during the Prime Ministership of—
(A) Jawaharlal Nehru
(B) Morarji Desai
(C) V. P. Singh
44. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched ?
(A) Organisation of the High Courts —Union list
(B) Police —State list
(C) Price control —Concurrent list
(D) Stock exchange —State list
45. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched ?
(A) Article 17—Abolition of Untouchability
(B) Article 21—Protection of Life and Personal liberty
(C) Article 24—Right to elementary education
(D) Article 29—Protection of culture of minorities
46. Who among the following became the first acting President of India ?
(A) B. D. Jatti
(B) V. V. Giri
(C) M. Hidayatullah
(D) C. Rajagopalachari
47. What is the proper order of the following stages in the enactment of
1. Voting of the demands for grants.
2. General discussion.
3. Finance Bill.
4. Appropriation Bill.
Select the correct answer from the code given below :
(A) 2, 1, 4 and 3
(B) 3, 2, 1 and 4
(C) 3, 1, 2 and 4
(D) 1, 2, 4 and 3
48. Which one of the following committees does not consist of representatives
of both the Houses of Parliament ?
(A) Estimates Committee
(B) Public Accounts Committee
(C) Committee on Public Undertakings
(D) Committee on Subordinate Legislation
49. Which one of the following is not the jurisdiction of the High Court of a
(A) Original jurisdiction
(B) Appellate jurisdiction
(C) Supervisory jurisdiction
(D) Advisory jurisdiction
50. Who among the following has been Chief Minister for the Longest period ?
(B) N. D. Tiwari
(C) Sheikh Abdullah
(D) Jyoti Basu
51. Which one of the following devices calls the attention of a Minister
towards a matter of public importance ?
(A) Short duration discussion
(B) Calling attention notice
(C) Half-an-hour discussion
(D) Censure motion
52. Which one of the following is not a constitutional body ?
(A) Finance Commission
(B) Election Commission
(C) Planning Commission
(D) Union Public Service Commission
53. Which one of the following Constitutional Amendments has made the advice
of the Council of Ministers binding on the President ?
54. Who among the following decides whether a Bill is a Money Bill ?
(A) The Speaker of the Lok Sabha
(B) The Chairman of Rajya Sabha
(C) The President of India
(D) The Minister for Parliamentary Affairs
55. Which one of the following Committees/Commissions suggested the creation
of local Finance Commission ?
(A) Administrative Reforms Commission (I)
(B) Sarkaria Commission
(C) Balwantrai Mehta Committee
(D) Ashok Mehta Committee
56. Sarkaria Commission was set up for reviewing the relations between the—
(A) President and the Prime Minister
(B) Legislature and the Executive
(C) Executive and the Judiciary
(D) Centre and the States
57. The government of which Prime Minister had fallen in the Lok Sabha during
debate for want of just one vote ?
(A) Morarji Desai
(B) Charan Singh
(C) Atal Bihari Vajpayee
(D) V. P. Singh
58. The traditional view of the scope of International Politics does not
include the study of—
(A) International Law
(B) International Organisations
(D) Political Economy
59. Who among the following uses the terms ‘International Relations’ and
‘International Politics’ interchangeably ?
(A) Hans Morgenthau
(B) John Burton
(D) Palmer and Perkins
60. Which one of the following is not a natural element of power ?
(A) Political parties
61. Who is the exponent of Realist Theory ?
(A) Mortan Kaplan
(B) Hans Morgenthau
(C) Martin Shubik
(D) John Burton
62. Who among the following is the exponent of Game theory ?
(A) Martin Shubik
(B) Karl Deutsch
(C) Palmer and Perkins
(D) Joseph Frankel
63. Which one of the following, according to Morgenthau, is not a vital
component of national interest ?
(A) Physical identity
(B) Political identity
(C) Cultural identity
(D) Individual identity
64. Which one of the following Committees has admitted the existence of a
nexus between the politicians, bureaucrats and criminals ?
(A) Vohra Committee
(B) Santhanam Committee
(C) Narshimhan Committee
(D) Kripalani Committee
65. C.T.B.T. was signed in—
66. Which one of the following is not a method of peaceful settlement of
(A) Limited arms conflict
67. Which one of the following is not a regional organisation ?
68. Which one of the following is not the concern of UNESCO ?
(A) Climate change
69. The 14th SAARC summit was held at—
70. Who was the first Foreign Minister of India ?
(A) Rafi Ahmad Kidwai
(B) Maulana Azad
(C) Sardar Sawarn Singh
(D) Jawaharlal Nehru
71. Which one of the following is not a principle of Panchsheel ?
(B) Non-interference in each other’s internal affairs
(C) Peaceful co-existence
(D) Promotion of world peace
72. Which one of the following is not the objective of WTO ?
(A) Trade without discrimination
(B) Fair competition
(C) Price control
(D) Market access
73. Who among the following was elected as President of the UN General
Assembly in 1953 ?
(A) Dr. Radhakrishnan
(B) Vijayalakshmi Pandit
(C) B. N. Chakravarty
(D) Krishna Menon
74. Which one of the following is not an element of Democratic Socialism ?
(A) Welfare state
(B) Mixed economy
(C) Social justice
(D) Revolutionary change
75. Who among the following initially mooted the policy of structural
(A) Third World Countries
(B) Developed Countries
(C) United States of America
(D) IMF and World Bank
76. Who among the following talked of ‘Political decay’ ?
(B) David Apter
(D) Lucian Pye
77. A pressure group works for the welfare of—
(A) Weaker sections of the society
(B) All sections of the society
(C) Its members only
(D) Government employees
78. When did the Charter of the United Nations Organisation come into force ?
(A) 24 October, 1950
(B) 24 October, 1944
(C) 24 October, 1946
(D) 24 October, 1945
79. The oldest approach to the study of Political Science is—
(A) Historical approach
(B) Philosophical approach
(C) Legal approach
(D) Institutional approach
80. Who among the following defines politics in terms of ‘authoritative
allocation of values’ ?
(A) Robert Dahl
(C) David Easton
81. “Who gets what, when and how” is the subject matter of politics.
Who among the following held the above view ?
(A) David Easton
82. Which one of the following does not pertain to Marxism ?
(A) Class struggle
(B) Surplus value
(C) Laissez faire
(D) Materialistic Interpretation of History
83. “The state originated for the bare needs of life and continues in
existence for the sake of good life.” These are the words of—
84. The traditional view of politics is concerned with the study of—
(A) State and Government
(B) Organisations and Groups
85. Who among the following is called the ‘Father of Political Science’ ?
86. “The state is prior to the individual.”
This was the view of—
87. Who said that life in the nature of state was solitary, poor, nasty,
brutish and short ?
88. Who among the following supported positive liberty ?
(A) T. H. Green
(B) Karl Marx
(C) J. S. Mill
(D) H. Laski
89. Which one of the following is not a function of political parties ?
(A) Political socialization
(B) Regulation of behaviour of the people
(C) Interest articulation
(D) Interest aggregation
90. Who among the following regarded right to life, right to liberty and
right to property as natural rights ?
91. Who among the following defined law as “a command given by a superior to
an inferior” ?
92. Who among the following held the view that equality is unnatural and
93. “Will, not force, is the basis of the state.” These are the words of—
94. Who among the following is an exponent of popular sovereignty ?
95. Austin described the theory of sovereignty in his book—
(A) Lectures on Jurisprudence
(B) Two Treatises on Government
(C) De Republica
(D) Grammar of Politics
96. Who among the following is the author of ‘Aspects of Political
(A) Lucian Pye
(B) David Easton
(D) David Apter
97. According to Herbert Morrison, bureaucracy is the price of—
(D) Parliamentary democracy
98. The traditional home of ‘patronage bureaucracy’ has been—
99. Which one of the following is not a feature of Max Weber’s theory of
(B) Division of work
(D) Commitment to ruler
100. Who among the following formulated the most systematic doctrine of
Answers with Hints
1. (C) 2. (C) 3. (A) 4. (C) 5. (B) 6. (C) 7. (D)
8. (C) Right to equality before law is a civil right.
9. (C) Tibet is not a state because it does not possess
the sovereignty, which is the most important attribute of state. Although, it
has three other attributes of state-government, population and territory.
10. (B) 11. (D) 12. (D)
13. (B) The first sentence of the Communist Manifesto,
begins with “The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of
14. (D) The right to hold public office is a political
16. (D) The Russian Revolution of 1917 was organised by
Lenin and was largely based on the ideas of Karl Marx. The Russian Revolution
was the first successful socialist revolution in the world, which led to the
establishment of the first socialist state in Russia.
17. (D) 18. (D)
19. (D) Globalisation, as a dominant tendency is a
phenomenon of late 20th century. This tendency was not visible during Marx’s
20. (C) The Panchayati Raj was inaugurated by Jawahar Lal
Nehru on 2nd Oct., 1959 at Nagaur, Rajasthan. Andhra Pradesh also organised
Panchayati Raj in 1959 itself. This new pattern of Panchayati Raj was based on
the recommendations of Balwant Rai Mehta Committee, 1957.
22. (D) India has adopted the parliamentary form of
government. In India, the President is the head of the state and the Prime
Minister is the head of the government.
23. (B) 24. (D) 25. (A)
26. (C) Bicameralism denotes the two chambers of the
legislature. In federal system, the central legislature consists of two houses.
The Upper House consists of the representatives of the states.
28. (D) According to Lucian Pye, the political development
is the result of interaction among three elements—level of equality in general
political process, capacity of the political system and level of differentiation
in the structures of the system.
29. (B) The concept of ‘development trap’ was given by
Fred Riggs, which refers to the imbalance between the elements of equality and
capacity in the process of political development.
30. (A) 31. (B)
32. (B) The Government of India Act, 1935 did not abolish
the Federal Court, but provided for the establishment of a Federal Court under
the proposed Federation. However, the Federal part of the Act was never
enforced. It should be noted that bicameralism at the central level was
introduced by the Act of 1919, however, the Act of 1935 introduced bicameralism
at provincial level.
33. (D) 34. (B) 35. (B)
36. (B) The President submits his resignation to the
Vice-President and vice-versa.
37. (D) Dr. B. R. Ambedkar was the Chairman of the
Drafting Committee of the Constituent Assembly whereas, Dr. Rajendra Prasad was
elected as the President of Constituent Assembly in 1946.
38. (C) 39. (C)
40. (D) According to Art 75(1), the Ministers are
appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister. According to
Article 75(2), Ministers hold office during the pleasure of the President.
However, Article 75(3) provides for the collective responsibility of the
Ministers, not for their individual responsibility.
41. (D) 42. (A) 43. (B) 44. (D) 45. (C)
46. (B) V. V. Giri was the first acting President from 3
May, 1969 to 20 July, 1969. Thereafter the Chief Justice of Supreme Court, M.
Hidayatullah became the acting President from 20 July, 1969 to 24 August, 1969.
48. (A) The Estimates Committee consists of 30 members,
all from Lok Sabha.
49. (D) According to Article 143, the Advisory
Jurisdiction is given to the Supreme Court.
50. (D) 51. (B) 52. (C) 53. (A) 54. (A) 55. (A)
56. (D) The Sarkaria Commission was constituted in 1983
and it submitted its report on Centre-State relations in 1988.
57. (C) 58. (D) 59. (D) 60. (A) 61. (B) 62. (A) 63. (D)
64. (A) 65. (B) 66. (A)
67. (D) NPT or Non-Proliferation treaty, 1968 is a nuclear
disarmamemt treaty. It is not an organisation.
69. (A) The 14th SAARC Summit was held on 3-4 April, 2007
and 15th Summit was held on 2-3 August, 2008 at Colombo.
70. (D) 71. (D) 72. (C) 73. (B)
74. (D) Democratic socialism believes in peaceful methods
of change. It opposes revolutionary changes and violence.
75. (D) 76. (A) 77. (C) 78. (D) 79. (B) 80. (C) 81. (B)
82. (C) The idea of Laissez faire, the non-intervention of
State is economic affairs, was given by Adam Smith. This idea is the core of
83. (B) 84. (A) 85. (C) 86. (B) 87. (A)
88. (A) According to Green, the Liberty is the positive
power of doing or enjoying something worth doing and enjoying.
89. (B) However, it should be noted that the interest
articulation is also not the function of political parties in specific sense.
Almond has Stated that interest articulation is the function of pressure groups.
90. (B) 91. (B)
92. (B) Aristotle did not support the idea of equality
among people. In fact, he supported the system of slavery.
93. (C) 94. (D) 95. (A) 96. (A) 97. (D) 98. (B) 99. (D)