(Content) A Brief History of Modern India- Spectrum

A Brief History of Modern India by Spectrum

Table of Contents

1. The Revolt of

  • Economic Causes
  • Political Causes
  • Administrative Causes
  • Socio -Religious Causes
  •  Influence of Outside Events
  • Discontent Among Sepoy's
  • Beginning and Spread
  • Storm Cent res and Leaders of the Revolt
  • Suppression of Revolt
  • Causes of Failure of Revolt
  • Hindu-Muslim Unity Factor
  • Nature of the Revolt
  • Consequences
  • Summary

2. Religious and Social Reform Movements

  • Genesis of the Awakening
  • Social Reform
  • A General Survey of Sociocultural Reform Movements and their Leaders
  • Positive Contributions of Reform Movements
  • Negative Aspects of Reform Movements
  • Summary

3. The Struggle Begins

  • Moderate Phase and Early Congress
  • Factors in Growth of Modern Nationalism
  • Political Associations Before the Indian National Congress
  • Pre-Congress Campaigns
  • Indian National Congress - its Aims and Objectives
  • Methods of Political work of the Early Moderates
  • Contributions of Moderate Nationalists
  • An Evaluation of the Early Nationalists
  • Role of Masses
  • Attitude of the Government
  • Summary

4. National Movement

  • Why Militant Nationalism Grew
  • The Swedish and Boycott Movement
  • The Movement Under Militant Leadership
  • Extent of Mass Participation
  • All India Aspect
  • Annulment of Partition
  • Why did the Swedish Movement Fizzle out?
  • Assessment
  • The Surat Split
  • The Government Strategy
  • Revolutionary Terrorism
  •  Morley-Minot Reforms
  • First World War and Nationalist Response
  • Home Rule League Movement
  • Lucknow Session of the Indian National Congress—1916 
  • Montague’s Statement—August 1917
  • Summary

5. National Movement

  • 1919-1939 Era of Mass Nationalism
  • Why Nationalist Resurgence Now
  • Montague-Chalmers Reforms and Government of India Act, 1919
  •  Relate Act
  • Emergence of Gandhi 
  • Gandhi in India
  • Gains from Champlain, Ahmadabad and Heda
  • Satyagraha Against the Rowlatt Act - First Mass Strike
  • Jallianwala Bagh Massacre (April 13,1919)
  • Khilafat and Non - Cooperation Movement
  • Swarajists and No-Changers
  • Emergence of New Forces During the 1920s
  • Revolutionary Terrorism During the 1920s
  • Growth of Communalism
  • Anti-Simon Commission Upsurge
  • Nehru Report
  • The Run-up to Civil Disobedience Movement
  • Civil Disobedience Movement
  • First Round Table Conference (November 1930-January 1931) 
  • Gandhi-Irwin Pact
  •  Evaluation of Civil Disobedience Movement
  • Karachi Congress Session—1931
  •  Second RTC and Second Civil Disobedience Movement
  • Communal Award and Poona Pact
  • Gandhi’s Harijan Campaign
  • Strategic Debate
  • The First Stage Debate
  • Government of India Act, 1935
  • The Second Stage Debate
  • 28 Months of Congress Rule in Provinces
  • Summary

6. National Movement : Towards

  • Freedom and Partition - 1939 - 1947
  • Second World War and Nationalist Response
  • August Offer
  • Individual Satyagrahas
  •  Cripes Mission
  • Quit India Movement
  • Famine of 1943
  • Rajagopalachari formula
  • Desai-Liaqat Pact
  • Wave ll Plan
  •  The Indian National Army
  • Post-War National Upsurge - June 1945 to February 1946
  • Congress Election Campaign and INA trials
  • Three Upsurges - Winter of 1945-46
  • Election Results
  • The Cabinet Mission
  • Communal Holocaust and the Interim Government
  •  Attlee’s Statement—February 20, 1947
  • Towards Partition
  • Mountbatten Plan, June 3, 1947 I
  • Indian Independence Act
  • Problems of Early Withdrawal
  • Integration of States
  • Why Congress Accepted Partition?
  • Summary

7. Administrative Changes After 1857

  • Administration - Central, Provincial, Local
  • Changes in the Army
  • Public Services
  • Princely States
  • Administrative Policies
  • Foreign Policy
  • Summary

8. Economic Impact of British Rule in India

  • Industrialization—Ruin of Artisans and Handicrafts men
  • Impoverishment of Peasantry
  • Emergence of New Land Relations, Ruin of Old Zamindars
  • Stagnation and Deterioration of Agriculture
  • Commercialization of Indian Agriculture
  •  Development of Modern Industry
  •  Rise of Indian Bourgeoisie
  • Economic Drain
  • Famine and Poverty
  • Nationalist Critique of Colonial Economy
  • Summary

9. Development of Indian Press

  • Early Regulations
  • Struggle by Early Nationalists to Secure Press Freedom
  • Vernacular Press Act, 1878
  • During and After the First World War
  • During the Second World War
  • After Independence

10. Development of Education

  • A Humble Beginning by Charter Act of 1813
  • Orientalist-Anglicism Controversy
  • Efforts of Thomson 293
  • Wood’s Des-patch (1854) Hunter Education Commission (1882-83)
  • Indian Universities Act, 1904
  • Government Resolution on Education Policy—1913
  • Saddler University Commission (1917-19)
  •  Education Under Dyarchy
  • Hartog Committee (1929)
  • Wardha Scheme of Basic Education (1937)
  • Sergeant Plan of Education
  • After Independence 299
  • Kothari Education Commission (1964-66)
  • Development of Vernacular
  • Education Development of Technical Education
  •  Evaluation of British Policy on Education

11. Brief Notes on Some Aspects of British Rule

  • British Social and Cultural Policy in India
  • Civil Services
  • Police
  • Judiciary
  • Development of Constitution from 1773 to 1858

12. The Indian States

  • East India Company’s Struggle for equality with Indian States from a Position of Subordination (1740-1765)
  • Policy of Ring Fence (1765-1813)
  • .Policy of Subordinate Isolation (1813-1857)
  • Policy of Subordinate Union (1857-1935)
  • Policy of Equal Federation (1935-1947)
  • Integration and Merger

13. Civil Rebellions and Tribal Uprisings—1757-1900

  • Bengal and Eastern India
  • Western India
  • South India
  • North India
  • Weaknesses of these Uprisings

14. Peasant Movements - 1857 - 1947

  • Peasantry Under Colonialism
  • A Survey of Early Peasant Movements
  • Changed Nature of Peasant Movements After 1857
  •  Weaknesses
  • after Movements
  • Peasant Activity in Provinces
  • During the War
  • Post - War Phase
  • Balance - Sheet of Peasant Movements

15. The Movement of the Working Class

  • Earlier Efforts
  • During Swadeshi Upsurge
  • During the First World War and After
  • During and After the Second World War
  • After Independence

16. The Evolution of Nationalist Foreign Policy

  • 1880 to First World War - Anti - Imperialism and Pan - Asian Feeling
  • World War I
  • 1920s and 1930s - Identifying with Socialists
  •  After 1936 - Anti - Fascism
  • After Independence

Ready Reference Data

1. Personalities Associated with Specific Movements
2. Governors-General and Viceroys of India: Significant Events in their Rule
3. North-East Frontier Tribal Movements Year, Region, Major Causes
4. Other Tribal Movements - Period, Region, Causes and Consequences
5. Constitutional Development in India at a Glance
6. Indian National Congress Annual Sessions
7. Famous Trials of the Nationalistic Period
8. Socio-Religious Reform Movements
9. Caste Movements
10. Peasant Movements
11. Newspapers and Journals

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