Union Public Service Commission
SYLLABI FOR THE EXAMINATION
General Guidelines: The nature and standard of questions in
the General Studies papers will be such
that a well-educated person will be able to
answer them without any specialized
study. The questions will be such as to test
a candidate’s general awareness of a variety
of subjects, which will have relevance
for a career in Civil Services. The questions
are likely to test the candidate’s basic
understanding of all relevant issues, and
ability to analyze, and take a view on conflicting
socio-economic goals, objectives
and demands. The candidates must give
relevant, meaningful and succinct answers.
PAPER - I
1. History of Modern India and Indian
Culture : The History of Modern India will cover history
of the Country from about the middle
of nineteenth century and would also include
questions on important personalities
who shaped the freedom movement and
social reforms. The part relating to Indian
culture will cover all aspects of Indian culture
from the ancient to modern times as
well as principal features of literature, arts
2. Geography of India : In this part, questions will be on the physical,
economic and social geography of India.
3. Constitution of India and Indian Polity: This part will include questions on the Constitution
of India as well as all constitutional,
legal, administrative and other issues
emerging from the politico-administrative
system prevalent in the country.
4. Current National Issues and Topics of
Social Relevance : This part is intended to test the candidate’s
awareness of current national issues and
topics of social relevance in present-day
India, such as the following:
(i) The Indian economy and issues relating
to planning, mobilization of resources,
growth, development and employment.
(ii) Issues arising from the social and economic
exclusion of large sections from the
benefits of development.
(iii) Other issues relating to the development
and management of human resource.
(iv) Health issues including the management
of Public Health, Health education and
ethical concerns regarding health-care,
medical research and pharmaceuticals.
(v) Law enforcement, internal security and
related issues such as the preservation of
(vi) Issues relating to good governance and
accountability to the citizens including the
maintenance of human rights, and of probity
in public life.
(vii) Environmental issues, ecological preservation,
conservation of natural resources
and national heritage.
PAPER - II
1. India and the World : This part will include questions to test
candidate’s awareness of India’s relationship
with the world in various spheres such
as the following:-
- Foreign Affairs with special emphasis on
India’s relations with neighbouring countries
and in the region.
- Security and defence related matters.
- Nuclear policy, issues, and conflicts.
- The Indian Diaspora and its contribution to
India and the world.
2. India’s Economic Interaction with the
World : In this part, questions will be on economic
and trade issues such as foreign trade,
foreign investment; economic and diplomacy
issues relating to oil, gas and energy
flows; the role and functions of I.M.F., World
Bank, W.T.O., WIPO etc. which influence
India’s economic interaction with other
countries and international institutions.
3. Developments in the Field of Science
& Technology, IT and space : In this part, questions will test the
candidate’s awareness of the developments
in the field of science and technology,
information technology, space and
basic ideas about computers, robotics,
nanotechnology, biotechnology and related
issues regarding intellectual property
4. International Affairs and Institutions : This part will include questions on important
events in world affairs and on international
5. Statistical analysis, graphs and diagrams: This part will test the candidate’s ability to
draw conclusions from information presented
in statistical, graphical or
diagrammatical form and to interpret them.