(Test Series) Answers & Explanations of GS Paper -1 of Our Postal Test Series Programme: Test - 13
Answers with Explanation of Ecology & Environment Test-2 For General Studies
2. b, encourage contractual provisions on dispute resolution in mutually agreed terms
7. d, It does not generally refer to the sequestering of carbon dioxide in oceans
11 a, biosequestering carbon from biomass as a cheaper mitigation option than geosequestration by CO2 capture and storage
12. d, the scope of ethical evaluation to include the morality of all actions that might help orharmorganisms capable of feeling fear.
14. b, Gamma diversity is a measure of the overall diversity for the different ecosystems within a region.
17. d, Groundwater tends tomove slowly, and is replenished slowly, so it can remain in aquifers for thousands of years
20. a, The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety of the Convention, also known as the Biosafety Protocol, was adopted in January 2000.
22. a, Sublimation is The state change directly fromsolidwater to water vapor
24. b, At the surface of the oceans towards the poles, seawater becomes cooler and more carbonic acid is formed as CO2 becomesmore soluble. In upper ocean areas of high biological productivity, organisms convert reduced carbon to tissues, or carbonates to hard body parts such as shells and tests.
27. c, Cultural eutrophication of lakes is primarily due to phosphorus
30. a, The purpose of the conference was not to discuss scientific or technological approaches to environmental problems but to coordinate international policy.
32. c, the Clean Development Mechanism was designed to limit emissions in developing countries.
37 b, Emission limits do not include emissions by international aviation and shipping
39. b, Minimizing Impacts on Developing Countries by establishing an adaptation fund for climate change.
42. c, creation of separate fund for climate mitigation was adopted in copenhagen summit
44. d, developed country emissions must fall 10-40% by 2020
45. a, enhancement offorest carbon stock in developing countries
47. d, There was no agreement on how to extend the Kyoto Protocol.
52. b, Increasing ground instability in permafrost regions
57. d, Conservation of wetland and mangroves
62. b, taking care of the existing natural resources
67. c, increasing water use efficiency by 20% through regulatorymechanisms with differential entitlements and pricing
69. b, The Indian Network on Climate Change Assessment (INCCA, was launched in October 20091 by the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF)
72. c, Green India campaign for the afforestation of 10 million hectares
73. a, National Remote Sensing Agency and National Environmental Engineering Research Institute, Nagpur.
74. a, The Energy Resources Institute, New Delhi,
77. d,They will cover four regions – Himalayan, Northeastern, Coastal and Western Ghats regions
81. a, The NATCOM project has ensured a broad-based participatory approach.
82. d, To undertake the responsibility to raise money for climate mitigation
86. b, Future Gen is a US government project involved the construction of a near zero-emissions coalfueled power plant to produce hydrogen and electricity while using carbon capture and storage.
87. d, Management of ecotourism
88. b, Similipal Tiger Reserve was one of the nine reserves chosen in the country to implement the project.
92. d, National Solar Mission under the National Action Plan on Climate Change, with plans to generate 1,000 MWof power by 2013.
93. a, Building with an electrical connected load of 500 kw ofmore are covered by the ECBC.
97. a, To create an enabling policy framework for the deployment of 20,000MWof solar power by 2032.
100. b, The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE)provides 70 percent subsidy on the installation cost of a solar photovoltaic power plant in North-East states and 30 percentage subsidy on other regions.