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(Paper) Civil Services Exam Paper Pattern (Hindi)

UPSC : Civil Services Exam Paper Pattern (Hindi)

Note: Answers must be written in Hindi

Paper I

Section A: History of Hindi Language and Nagari Lipi

  • Grammatical and applied forms of Apbhransh, Awahatta & Arambhik Hindi.
  • Development of Braj and Awadhi as literary language during medieval period.
  • Early form of Khari-boli in Siddha-Nath Sahitya, Khusero, Sant Sahitaya, Rahim etc. and Dakhni Hindi.
  • Development of Khari-boli and Nagari Lipi during 19th Century.
  • Standardisation of Hindi Bhasha & Nagari Lipi.
  • Development of Hindi as national Language during freedom movement.
  • The development of Hindi as a National Language of Union of India.
  • Scientific & Technical development of Hindi Language.
  • Prominent dialects of Hindi and their inter relationship.
  • Salient features of Nagari Lipi and the efforts for its reform & Standard form of Hindi.
  • Grammatical structure of Standard Hindi.

Section B: History of Hindi Literature

The relevance and importance of Hindi literature and tradition of writing History of Hindi Literature.

  • Literary trends of the following four periods of history of Hindi Literature.
    • Adikal- Sidh, Nath and Raso Sahitya.
      • Prominent poets- Chandvardai, Khusaro, Hemchandra, Vidyapati.
    • Bhaktikal- Sant Kavyadhara, Sufi Kavyadhara, Krishna Bhaktidhara and Ram Bhaktidhara.
      • Prominent Poets-Kabir, Jayasi, Sur & Tulsi.
    • Ritikal- Ritikavya, Ritibaddhakavya & Riti Mukta Kavya.
      • Prominent Poets-Keshav, Bihari, Padmakar and Ghananand.
    • Adhunik Kal
      • Renaissance, the development of Prose, Bharatendu Mandal.
      • Prominent Writers: Bharatendu, Bal Krishna Bhatt & Pratap Narain Mishra.
      • Prominent trends of modern Hindi Poetry: Chhayavad, Pragativad, Proyogvad, Nai Kavita, Navgeet and Contemporary poetry and Janvadi Kavita.
      • Prominent Poets: Maithili Sharan Gupta, Prasad, Nirala, Mahadevi, Dinkar, Agyeya, Muktibodh, Nagarjun.

 

  • Katha Sahitya
    • Upanyas & Realism
    • The origin and development of Hindi Novels.
    • Prominent Novelists: Premchand, Jainendra, Yashpal, Renu and Bhism Sahani.
    • The origin and development of Hindi short story.
    • Prominent short Story Writers: Premchand, Prasad, Agyeya, Mohan Rakesh & Krishna Shobti.
  • Drama & Theatre
    • The origin & Development of Hindi Drama.
    • Prominent Dramatists: Bharatendu, Prasad, Jagdish Chandra Mathur, Ram Kumar Verma, Mohan Rakesh.
    • The development of Hindi Theature.
  • Criticism
    • The origin and development of Hindi criticism: Saiddhantik, Vyavharik, Pragativadi, Manovishleshanvadi & Nai Alochana.
    • Prominent critics: Ramchandra Shukla, Hajari Prasad Dwivedi, Ram Vilas Sharma & Nagendra.
  • The other forms of Hindi prose- Lalit Nibandh, Rekhachitra, Sansmaran, Yatra-vrittant.

 

Paper II

This paper will require first hand reading of prescribed texts and will test the critical ability of the candidates.

Section A

  • Kabir: Kabir Granthawali, Ed, Shyam Sundar Das (First hundred Sakhis)
  • Surdas: Bhramar Gitsar, Ed. Ramchandra Shukla (First hundred Padas)
  • Tulsidas: Ramchrit Manas (Sundar Kand) Kavitawali (Uttar Kand)
  • Jayasi: Padmawat Ed. Shyam Sundar Das (Sinhal Dwip Khand & Nagmativiyog Khand)
  • Bihari: Bihari Ratnakar Ed. Jagnnath Prasad Ratnakar (First 100 Dohas)
  • Maithili Sharan Gupta: Bharat Bharati
  • Prasad: Kamayani (Chinta and Sharddha Sarg)
  • Nirala: Rag-Virag, Ed. Ram Vilas Sharma (Ram Ki Shakti Puja & Kukurmutta)
  • Dinkar: Kurushetra
  • Agyeya: Angan Ke Par Dwar (Asadhya Vina)
  • Muktiboth: Brahma Rakshas
  • Nagarjun: Badal Ko Ghirte Dekha Hai, Akal Ke Bad, Harijan Gatha

Section B

  • Bharatendu: Bharat Durdasha
  • Mohan Rakesh: Ashad Ka Ek Din
  • Ramchandra Shukla: Chintamani (Part I) - (Kavita Kya Hai] Shraddha Aur Bhakti)
  • Dr. Satyendra: Nibandh Nilaya-Bal Krishna Bhatt, Premchand, Gulab Rai, Hajari Prasad Dwivedi, Ram Vilas Sharma, Agyeya, Kuber Nath Rai.
  • Premchand: Godan, Premchand ki Sarvashreshtha Kahaniyan, Ed. Amrit Rai, Manjusha - Premchand ki Sarvashreshtha Kahaniyan, Ed. Amrit Rai
  • Prasad: Skandgupta
  • Yashpal: Divya
  • Phaniswar Nath Renu: Maila Anchal
  • Mannu Bhandari: Mahabhoj
  • Rajendra Yadav: Ek Dunia Samanantar (All Stories)


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