(Final Result) UPSC CDS (II) Exam - 2014 "OTA Course"

(Final Result) UPSC CDS (II) Exam - 2014 "OTA Course"

1. The following are the lists, in order of merit, in respect of 262 (*220 + ^ 42) candidates who have finally qualified on the basis of the results of the Combined Defence Services Examination (II), 2014 conducted by the Union Public Service Commission and Interviews held by the Services Selection Board of the Ministry of Defence for admission to the (i) *Officers Training Academy, Chennai, for 102nd Short Service Commission Course (for Men) and (ii) ^Officers Training Academy, Chennai, 16th Short Service Commission Women (Non-Technical) Course, commencing in October, 2015. The list of 102nd Short Service Commission Course (for Men) also includes the names of the candidates who were recommended earlier on the basis of the result of the same examination for admission to Indian Military Academy, Dehradun, Naval Academy, Ezhimala, Kerala and Air Force Academy, Hyderabad (Pre-Flying) Training Course(s).

2. The number of vacancies as intimated by the Government, for (i) 102nd Short Service Commission Course (for Men) is 175 and for (ii) 16th Short Service Commission Women (Non-Technical) Course is 12.

3. The results of Medical Examination of candidates have not been taken into account in preparing the merit list. The candidature of all the candidates is Provisional. Verification of Date of Birth and Educational Qualification of these Candidates will be done by Army Head Quarter.

(News) From steel frame of the country to ‘Suffocating Bureaucracy’


From steel frame of the country to ‘Suffocating Bureaucracy’ from the lofty beginning of being espoused as the steel frame of the country, representing the essential spirit of the Indian nation—unity in diversity—the years since Independence have been marked by a steady deterioration of the Indian Administrative Service (IAS). According to a recent survey of the bureaucracies of 12 Asian economies, India’s “suffocating bureaucracy” has been ranked as the least-efficient, and working with the country’s civil servants is described as a “slow and painful” process. Indian bureaucrats are said to be power centres in their own right, both at the national and state levels, and are quite resistant to reforms that affect them or the way they go about discharging their duties.

Good governance is basic to all reforms and changes in society. Given the significance of the bureaucracy in India’s development, some of the major changes that need to be incorporated in order to improve the IAS’s efficiency and performance are highlighted be-low. Based on my research, I have conceptualized an agency-based model of IAS. The significant features of the model are given below.

First, the bureaucratic structure in India is, to a large extent, an insulated labour market. The country should aim to develop a cadre of professional senior managers to support ministers in policy formulation and implementation. These should be lateral-entry contractual jobs with a well-defined career progression. Senior civil servants’ selection should be about identifying good managers for the public sector and should consist of individuals who have had an outstanding record of running public or private businesses, and/or strategic planning and execution of large public projects. Exceptional performers among those IAS officers who have entered through the civil service examination (conducted by the Union Public Service Commission or UPSC) should also be absorbed into the senior civil service. Creating a senior civil service will break the insulation of the IAS and will present as an incentive for the officers to work harder.

Second, public bureaucratic departments should be converted into national-level and state-level executive agencies. Each executive agency should be headed by a chief executive officer selected from the senior civil service and should have considerable operating freedom, subject, however, to the policy and resources framework set out by the ministers and Parliament.

Before forming an agency, however, some tough questions should be addressed: Should the agency be formed at all? If yes, could it be privatized or contracted out? Does the work overlap with that of other departments? Can multiple departments be merged into a single one?

(Notification) Jharkhand PSC: 6th Combined Civil Services (PT) Competitive Examination - 2015

(Notification) Jharkhand PSC: 6th Combined Civil Services (PT) Competitive Examination - 2015

Pay Grade, Educational Qualification & Age Limit:


Exam Syllabus:

Revised Scheme of Examination for Civil Services (SUBJECTS)

Duration (Hours)

Maximum Marks



CSAT-Paper I 2 hours 200 OBJECTIVE TYPE
CSAT-Paper II 2 hours 200 OBJECTIVE TYPE

(B) MAIN EXAMINATION (No optional subjects. All are common compulsory Papers)

Paper-I: General Hindi & General English, having two separate sections on (i) General Hindi, and (ii) General English, each of 50 marks 3 hours 100 DESCRIPTIVE TYPE This paper is qualifiying in which minimum 30 marks is mandatory
Paper-II: Language and Literature: Under this paper, every candidate will have to opt for one Language and Literature out of fifteen listed by the Commission. 3 hours 100 DESCRIPTIVE TYPE
Paper-III: Social Sciences, having two distinct sections on (i) History (ii) Geography, each of equal weightage. 3 hours 200 DESCRIPTIVE TYPE
Paper-IV: Indian Constitution & Polity, Public Administration & Good Governance 3 hours 200 AS ABOVE
Paper-V: Indian Economy, Globalization and Sustainable Development 3 hours 200 AS ABOVE
Paper-Vi:General Sciences, Environment & Technology Development 3 hours 200 AS ABOVE
Total Marks (Main Examination)   1000  
Personality Test   100  
Grand Total   1100  

(Written Exam Result) Chhattisgarh State Service (Prelims) Exam - 2014

(Written Exam Result) Chhattisgarh State Service (Prelims) Exam - 2014

(Paper Analysis) UPSC IAS (Pre.) CSAT (Paper - 2) Exam - 2015

(Paper Analysis) UPSC IAS (Pre.) CSAT (Paper - 2) Exam - 2015



Asked Questions

Analytical Reasoning 16
Series 3
Figure 2
Percentage 3
Equation 5
Set Theory 4
Work, Time & Distance 3
Ration & Proportion 2
Permutation & Combination 4
Graph 2
Number System 1
Clock & Calendar 1
Cube 1
Geometry 1
Comprehension 30
Syllogism 1
Non-verbal Reasoning 2
Age 1

(Final Result) UPSC IES/ISS Exam - 2015

(Final Result) UPSC IES/ISS Exam - 2015

1. Based on the result of the Indian Economic Service/Indian Statistical Service written examination 2015 held by the UNION PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION in May 2015 followed by interviews for Personality Test held in August 2015, the following are the lists, in order of merit, of candidates who have been recommended for appointment to posts in Indian Economic Service and Indian Statistical Service.

2. The number of candidates recommended for appointment to Indian Economic Service / Indian Statistical Service are as under:

Service GEN OBC SC ST Total
Indian Economic Service 08 03 02 01 14
Indian Statistical Service 25 12 08 05 50 ( including 01 PH-2 & 01 PH-3 )

3. Appointments shall be made strictly in accordance with the extant rules and the number of vacancies available.

4. The number of vacancies reported by the Government for posts to be filled are as under:-

Service GEN OBC SC ST Total
Indian Economic Service 09 03 02 01 15 (including 01 PH-1 & 01 PH-3)
Indian Statistical Service 25 12 08 10 55 (including 01 PH-1, 02 PH-2 & 01 PH-3)

5. The candidature of the 05 recommended candidates with following Roll Nos. is provisional:-

  • 000575
  • 003289
  • 012730
  • 013353
  • 016710

(News) Hindi medium students can also clear UPSC exam : IAS Topper Neha Dubey

Hindi medium students can also clear UPSC exam : IAS Topper Neha Dubey

‘Koshish’ organization on Monday held a gathering of its members on Monday.

They invited Neha Dubey, who cracked the Civil services examination this year as the chief guest and speaker for the event.

The programme started with Neha offering prayers to the idol of Goddess of knowledge Saraswati. President of Koshish Rajesh Kumar welcomed the guests with a welcome speech and also shared the mission and vision of the society.

Vipul and Ishwar gifted a memento to the chief guest and honoured her. Later Neha shared her experiences during the preparation of the examination, the challenges she faced, ways to tackle problems, her dedicated hardwork which landed her in such prestigious shoes.

The event was followed by an open interactive session in which students asked several career related questions to her. Questions were based on all natures of the exam. A student asked Neha, “Can a Hindi medium student compete in the exam or will he/she will face much difficulty?” To which Neha replied, “The exam is flexible for Hindi and English medium students and one can take up the exam in Hindi and excel it.” Another participant asked,”Is coaching a must for this exam?”

UPSC IAS Prelims 2015 Expected Cut off for GS (Paper - I)


UPSC IAS Prelims 2015 Expected Cut off for GS (Paper - I)






Maximum Marks

UPSC Civil Services Prelims exam 100-110 85-95 70-80 65-75 200


Note : GS Prelims Paper II (CSAT) is qualifying in nature with a minimum qualifying marks fixed at 33% .


(News) 49% of Candidates Appeared in Civil Services Prelims Exam 2015

49% of candidates appeared in Civil Services Prelims Exam 2015

About 4.65 lakh candidates today appeared for civil services preliminary examination across the country.

"There were no untoward incidents reported from any of the centre in the country," Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) Secretary Ashim Khurana told PTI.

A total of 4,65,882 candidates took the civil services preliminary examination this year as compared to 4,51,602 examinees last year, an increase by 14,280, he said.

As against a record number of 9,45,908 candidates who have applied for the exam, 6,81,549 of them had downloaded their e-admit card, Khurana said.

Out of these candidates, 4,65,882 candidates took the examination, which is about 49 per cent of the total candidates who had applied, he said.

(Answer Key's) UPSC IAS (Pre.) General Studies Exam Paper - 2015 (Paper - 1) "held on 23-8-2015"


(Answer Key's) UPSC IAS (Pre.) General Studies Exam Paper - 2015 (Paper - 1) "held on 23-8-2015"

Exam Name: IAS (Pre.)

Subject: General Studies (GS) Paper -1

Year: 2015

Test Booklet Series: A


1) Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana has been launched for

a) providing housing loan to poor people at cheaper interest rates
b) Promoting women’s Self Help Groups in backward areas
c) promoting financial inclusion in the country
d) providing financial help to marginalised communities

2. With Reference to the Fourteenth Finance Commission, which of the following statements is/are correct?

1. It has increased the share of States in the central divisible pool from 32 percent to 42 percent
2. It has made recommendations concerning sector-specific grants

a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2

3. The ‘Fortaleza Declaration’ recently in the news, is related to the affairs of:

d) WTO

4) A decrease in tax to GDP ratio of a country indicates which of the following?

1. Slowing economic growth rates
2. Less equitable distribution of national income

a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2

5) In the South Atlantic and South Eastern Pacific regions in tropical latitudes, cyclone does not originate. What is the reason?

a) Sea Surface temperature are low*
b) Inter Tropical Convergence Zone seldom occurs
c) Coriolis force is too weak
d) Absence of land in those regions

6. Which of the following pairs of States of India indicates the eastern most and Western most State?

a) Assam and Rajasthan
b) Arunachal Pradesh and Rajasthan
c) Assam and Gujarat
d) Arunachal Pradesh and Gujarat

7) Consider the following Statements regarding the DPSP/Directive Principles of State Policy:

1. The Principles spell out the socio-economic democracy in the country
2. The provisions contained in these Principles are not enforceable by any court.

Which of the statements given below are correct?

a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 & 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2

8) In the Index of Eight Core Industries, which one of the following is given the highest weight?

1. Coal Production
2. Electricity generation
3. Fertilizer Production
4. Steel Production

9) Which of the following National Parks is unique in being a swamp with floating vegetation that supports a rich biodiversity?

1. Bhitarkanika National Park
2. Keibul Lamjao National Park
3. Keoladeo Ghana National park
4. Sultanpur National park

10) Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding National Innovation Foundation-India (NIF)?

1. NIF is an autonomous body of the Department of Science and Technology under the Central Government
2. NIF is an initiative to strengthen the highly advanced scientific research in India’s premier scientific institutions in collaboration with highly advanced foreign scientific institutions.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

1. 1 only
2. 2 only
3. Both 1 and 2
4. Neither 1 nor 2

11) What can be the impact of excessive/inappropriate use of nitrogenousfertilizers in agriculture?

1. Proliferation of nitrogen-fixing microorganisms in soil can occur.
2. Increase in the acidity of soil can take place
3. Leaching of nitrate to the ground-water can occur.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

1. 1 and 3 only
2. 2 only
3. 2 and 3 only
4. 1,2 and 3

12) With reference to the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) and the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), which of the following statements is/are correct?

1. IUCN is an organ of the United Nations and CITES is an international agreement between governments
2. IUCN runs thousands of field projects around the world to better manage natural environments.
3. CITES is legally binding on the States that have joined it, but this Convention does not take the place of national laws.

Select the correct using the code given below.

1. 1 only
2. 2 and 3 only
3. 1 and 3 only
4. 1, 2 and 3

13) The Fair and Remunerative Price of Sugarcane is approved by the

a) Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs
b) Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices
c) Directorate of Marketing and Inspection, Ministry of Agriculture
d) Agricultural Produce Marketing Committee

14) What explains the eastward flow of the equatorial countercurrent?

a) The Earth’s rotation on its axis
b) Convergence of the two equatorial currents
c) Difference in salinity of water
d) Occurrence of the belt of calm near equator*

15) Place of Pilgrimage: Location

1. Srisailam : Nallamala Hills
2. Omkareshwar : Satmala Hills
3. Pushkar : Mahadeo Hills

Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?

a) 1 only
b) 2 and 3 only
c) 1 and 3 only
d) 1,2 and 3

16. With reference to Rowlatt Satyagraha, which of the following statements is/are correct?

1. The Rowlatt Act was based on the recommendations of the ‘Sedition Committee’
2. In Rowlatt Satyagraha Gandhiji tried to use the Home Rule League
3. Demonstrations against the Simon Commission coincided with the Rowlatt Satyagraha

a) 1 only
b) 1 and 2 only
c) 2 and 3 only
d) 1, 2 and 3

17) Among the following which were frequently mentioned in the news for the outbreak of Ebola virus recently?

1. Syria and Jordan
2. Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia
3. Philippines and Papua New Guinea
4. Jamaica, Haiti and Surinam

18) With reference to ‘fly ash’ produced by the power plants using the coal as fuel, which of the following statements is/are correct?

1. Fly ash can be used in the production of bricks for building construction
2. Fly ash can be used as a replacement for some of the Portland cement contents of concrete
3. Fly ash is made up of silicon dioxide and calcium oxide only, and does not contain any toxic elements.

Select the correct answer using the code given below

1. 1 and 2
2. 2 only
3. 1 and 3
4. 3 only

19) With reference to ‘dugong’, a mammal found in India, which of the following statements is/are correct?

1. It is a herbivorous marine animal.
2. It is found along the entire coast of India
3. It is given legal protection under Schedule 1 of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

a) 1 and 2
b) 2 only
c) 1 and 3
d) 3 only

20) Who of the following was/were economic critic/critics of colonialism in India?

1. Dadabhai Naoroji
2. G. Subramania Iyer
3. R. C. Dutt

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

a) 1 only
b) 1 and 2 only
c) 2 and 3 only
d) 1,2 and 3

21) Which one of the following issues the “Global Economic Prospects” report periodically?

1. The Asian Development Bank
2. The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
3. The US Federal Reserve Bank
4. The World Bank

22) When the Reserve Bank of India reduces the Statutory Liquidity by 50 basis points, which of the following is likely to happen?

1. India’s GDP growth rate increases drastically
2. Foreign Institutional Investors may bring more capital into our country
3. Scheduled Commercial Banks may cut their lending rates
4. It may drastically reduce the liquidity to the banking system.

23) With reference to the use of nanotechnology in health sector, which of the following statements is/are correct?

1. Targeted drug delivery is made possible by nanotechnology
2. Nanotechnology can largely contribute to gene therapy

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

1. 1 only
2. 2 only
3. Both 1 and 2
4. Neither 1 nor 2

24) In India, markets in agricultural products are regulated under the

1. Essential Commodities Act, 1955
2. Agricultural Produce Market Committee Act enacted by States
3. Agricultural Produce (Grading and Marking) Act, 1937
4. Food Products Order, 1956 and Meat and Food Products Order, 1973

25) Which one of the following is the national aquatic animal of India?

1. Saltwater crocodile
2. Olive ridley turtle
3. Gangetic dolphin
4. Gharial

26) With reference to Congress Socialist Party, consider the following statements:

1. It advocated the boycott of British goods and evasion of taxes.
2. It wanted to establish the dictatorship of proletariat.
3. It advocated separate electorate for minorities and oppressed classes.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

1. 1 and 2 only
2. 3 only
3. 1, 2 and 3
4. None

27) Consider the following statements :

1. The Rajya Sabha has no power either to reject or to amend a Money Bill
2. The Rajya Sabha cannot vote on the Demands for Grants.
3. The Rajya Sabha cannot discuss the Annual Financial Statement.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

1. 1 only
2. 1 and 2 only
3. 2 and 3 only
4. 1,2 and 3

28 ) The Government of India Act of 1919 clearly defined

1. the separation of power between the judiciary and the legislature
2. the jurisdiction of the central and provincial governments
3. the powers of the Secretary of State for India and the Viceroy
4. None of the above

29) Which of the following brings out the ‘Consumer Price Index Number for the Industrial Workers’?

a) The Reserve Bank of India
b) The Department of Economic Affairs
c) The Labour Bureau
d) The department of Personnel and Training

30. In the context of modern scientific research, consider the following statements about ‘IceCube’, a particle detector located at South Pole, which was recently in the news :

1. It is the world’s largest neutrino detector, encompassing a cubic kilometre of ice.
2. It is a powerful telescope to search for dark matter
3. It is buried deep in the ice.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only
b) 2 and 3 only
c) 1 and 3 only
d) 1,2 and 3 only

31. The terms ‘Agreement on Agriculture’, ‘Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures’ and Peace Clause’ appear in the news frequently in the context of the affairs of the:

a) Food and Agriculture Organization
b) United Nations Framework Conference on Climate Change
c) World Trade Organization
d) United Nations Environment Programme

32. With reference to ‘Near Field Communication (NFC) Technology’, which of the following statements is/are correct?

1. It is a contactless communication technology that uses electromagnetic radio fields
2. NFC is designed for use by devices which can be at a distance of even a metre from each other
3. NFC can use encryption when sending sensitive information.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

a) 1 and 2 only
b) 3 only
c) 1 and 3 only
d) 1,2 and 3

33. The area known as ‘Golan Heights’ sometimes appears in the news in the context of the events related to:

a) Central Asia
b) Middle East
c) South-East Asia
d) Central Africa

34. Convertibility of rupee implies:

a) being able to convert rupee notes into gold
b) allowing the value of rupee to be fixed by market forces
c) freely permitting the conversion of rupee to other currencies and vice versa
d) developing an international market for currencies in India

35) Consider the following pairs : Medieval Indian State : Present Region

1. Champaka : Central India
2. Durgara : Jammu
3. Kuluta : Malabar

Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?

a. 1 and 2
b. 2 only
c. 1 and 3
d. 3 only

36) Consider the following rivers :

1. Vamsadhara
2. Indravati
3. Pranahita
4. Pennar

Which of the above are tributaries of Godavari

a. 1,2 and 3
b. 2,3 and 4
c. 1,2 and 4
d. 2 and 3 only

37) When a bill is referred to a joint sitting both the Houses of the Parliament, has to be passed by

a. a simple majority of member present and voting
b. three-fourths majority of member present and voting
c. two-thirds majority of the House
d absolute majority of the House

38) Which one of the following regions of India has a combination of mangrove forest, evergreen forest and deciduous forest?

a. North Coastal Andhra Pradesh
b. South-West Bengal
c. Southern Saurashtra
d. Andaman and Nicobar Islands

39) Which of the following kingdoms were associated with the life of Buddha?

1. Avanti
2. Gandhara
3. Kosala
4. Magadha

Select the correct answer using the code given below

a. 1,2 and 3
b. 2 and 3 only
c. 1,3 and 4
d. 3 and 4 only

40) Which one of the following is associated with the issue of control and phasing out of the use of ozone-depleting substances?

a. Bretton Woods Conference
b. Montreal Protocol
c. Kyoto Protocol
d. Nagoya Protocol

41. Consider the following : The arrival of Babur into India led to the

1. introduction of gunpowder
2. introduction of the arch and dome in the regions’s architecture
3. establishment of Timurid dynasty

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

a. 1 and 2 only
b. 3 only
c. 1 and 3 only
d. 1,2 and 3

42. The Government of India has established NITI Aayog to replace the

a. Human Rights Commission
b. Finance Commission
c. Law Commission
d. Planning Commission

43. What is Rio+20 Conference, often mentioned in the news?

a. It is the United nations Conference on Sustainable Development
b. It is a Ministerial Meeting of the World Trade Organization
c. It is a Conference of the Inter-governmental Panel on Climate Change
d. It is a Conference of the Member Countries of the Convention on Biological Diversity

44. Consider the following statements :

1. The Executive Power of the union of India is vested in the Prime Minister.
2. The Prime Minister is the ex officio Chairmain of the Civil Services Board.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

45) The term ‘Goldilocks Zone’ is often seen in the news in the context of

a. the limits of habitable zone above the surface of the Earth
b. regions inside the Earth-like planets in outer space
c. search for the Earth-like planets in outer space
d. search for meteorites containing precious metals

46) Who of the following organized a march on the Tanjore coast to break the Salt Law in April 1930?

a. V.O Chidambaram Pillai
b. C. Rajagopalachari
c. K. Kamaraj
d. Annie Besant

47) Who of the following founded a new city on the south bank of a tributary to river Krishna and undertook to rule his new kingdom as the agent of a deity to whom all the land south of the river Krishna was supposed to belong?

a. Amoghavarsha I
b. Ballala II
c. Harihara I
d. Prataparudra II

48) Consider the following statements :

1. The first woman President of the Indian National Congress was Sarojini Naidu.
2. The first Muslim President of the Indian National Congress was Badruddin Tyabji

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

49) Which of the following statements regarding ‘Green Climate Fund’ is/are correct?

1. It is intended to assist the developing countries in adaptation and mitigation practices to counter climate change.
2. It is founded under the aegis of UNEP, OECD, Asian Development Bank and World Bank

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

(Current Affairs) Sports | July + August - 2015


Bangladesh, India in Final

  • India and Bangladesh, the top two teams, made the final of the SAARC golf championship.

  • On the penultimate day of the championship at the KGA course, India defeated Bhutan, while Bangladesh swamped a hapless Afghanistan in the semifinals. Both teams winning the 36-hole Match Play round without dropping a match.

  • The 18-hole morning session set the tone with India’s top amateur Viraj Madappa essaying a flawless, bogey free round to beat Bhutan’s Karma Wangchuk 8 and 7.

  • Pukhraj Singh Gill then beat Bhutan’s Capt. (retd) B.B. Gurung 7 and 5. But the India team captain Jaibir Singh was stretched to the fourth extra hole by Bhutan’s Tshendra Dorgi.

  • In the sudden death play-off with both players level after three holes, Jaibir Singh landed his tee shot on the green of the short, par-3 fourth hole and duly holed out for a par. But Dorgi failed to chip and putt finishing with a bogey.

  • India was as invincible in the afternoon session with Madappa and Gill winning by identical 6 and 5 margins.

  • Bangladesh, clearly the favourite in its semifinal against Afghanistan won all its three matches in the morning session.

  • India and Bangladesh will face off in the final .

Ethiopia’s Geremew and Daska emerge victorious

  • Kenya’s stranglehold over the TCS World 10K was broken in absorbing fashion as Ethiopia’s Mosinet Geremew and Mamitu Daska emerged victorious.
  • The previous five men’s and three women’s winners had all come from Kenya but there was to be no encore.
  • Geremew finished in a time of 28:16, with compatriot Fikadu Seboka two seconds behind him. The pair ran a cautious race, not wishing to set the pace at any stage but making sure to stay within striking distance of the leader at all times. Edwin Kiptoo was third.
  • Kogo, the former world record holder and the pre-race favourite, was unable to find the same finishing kick and settled for fourth.
  • The winners earned $21,000 each in prize money while the top Indian finishers were awarded Rs. 2.5 lakh each.

Sania-Hingis duo loses Rome Masters final

  • The Indo-Swiss tennis combine of Sania Mirza and Martina Hingis did not live up to expectations as the top seeds were upset by Hungarian-French pair of Timea Babos and Kristina Mladenovic in straight sets in the women’s doubles final of the $2,428,490 Rome Masters.

  • The third seeds took just an hour and 13 minutes to come out on top with a 6—4, 6—3 win on the outdoor clay courts of Foro Italico in the first ever match between the two pairs.

  • This was Sania and Martina’s, ranked World No.1 and 2 respectively, fourth final together, having won at Indian Wells, Miami and Charleston earlier in the year.

  • The match did not go in favour of the top seeds right from the start as Sania and Martina were shocked in the fifth game of the first set when Timea and Kristina broke them and held serve to extend the lead to 4—2.

  • Sania and Martina finally earned two breakpoints for the first time in the match when the the third seeds were looking to close the set on their service game at 5—4. However, both opportunities were wasted as Timea and Kristina won the set to take the lead in the match in only 38 minutes.

  • The third seeds took the momentum into the second set as they immediately broke their opponents. But Sania and Martina reverted by breaking back and levelling the set at 1—1.

  • The next four service games were held by both teams but the third seeds once again stunned the Indo-Swiss combo by breaking them in the seventh game of the set. They held serve to extend the lead to 5—3.

  • Within no time, Timea and Kritina had two matchpoints. The first was saved by the top seeds but the Hungarian-French pair converted the second to earn the vital crown.

Bronze for Archana

  • India’s Archana Kamath won a bronze medal in the cadet girls’ singles at the Thailand Open table tennis tournament .
  • Archana lost 11-9, 11-7, 11-8 to Chinese Taipei’s Chen Ting-Ting, the eventual winner, in the semifinals.

Djokovic, Sharapova win Rome titles

  • Novak Djokovic scored a 6-4, 6-3 win over Roger Federer to capture his fourth Rome Masters title.
  • Djokovic also won the Rome title in 2008, 2011 and last year.
  • In the women’s tournament, Maria Sharapova beat 10th-seeded Carla Suarez Navarro 4-6, 7-5, 6-1 to win her third Rome title.
  • Sharapova’s first two titles in Rome came back-to-back in 2011 and 2012.

(Current Affairs) Person in News | July + August: 2015

Person in News

Aruna Shanbaug

  • Aruna Shanbaug, a former nurse at Mumbai’s King Edward Memorial Hospital who spent the last 42 years on a bed in a vegetative state after a sexual assault by a ward boy in 1973, died.

  • Shanbaug’s condition had been deteriorating for the last few years and she had difficulty swallowing food. The staff was feeding her nutrition powder through a tube (Ryle’s tube).

  • On November 27, 1973, Shanbaug, then a junior nurse at KEM, was brutally assaulted and raped by a ward boy-cum-sweeper Sohanlal B. Valmiki. He throttled her with a dog chain, cutting off the supply of blood and oxygen to key parts of her brain. She has been in a vegetative state ever since, confined to a bed at the hospital where nurses and staff took care of her.

  • After her death, a controversy erupted when her family members reached the hospital to claim the body, which the staff and nurses opposed. Later in the evening, a compromise was reached and she was cremated at the Bhoiwada crematorium. Dr. Supe and her family members collectively performed the last rites.

Mukesh Khanna

  • Veteran actor Mukesh Khanna, has been appointed as the new chairperson of the Children Film Society of India (CFSI).

  • CFSI started functioning in 1955 as an autonomous body under the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting with Pandit Hriday Nath Kunzru as President. CFSI’s maiden production Jaldeep won the first prize for best Children’s Film at the 1957 Venice Film Festival. Since then CFSI has continued to produce, exhibit and distribute quality content for children: from feature films, shorts, animations to television episodes and documentaries.

(Current Affairs) Awards and Prizes | July + August: 2015

Awards and Prizes

Japan Government’s Highest Civilian Award to Professor C.N.R. Rao

  • Highest Civilian Award of Japan, that is conferred on academicians, politicians and military officers- the “Order of the Rising Sun, Gold and Silver Star”, will be conferred on Professor C.N.R. Rao for his ‘contribution to promoting academic interchange and mutual understanding in science and technology between Japan and India’. He had been bestowed with about 70 honorary doctorates and had received the highest civilian award of India, Bharat Ratna.

  • Professor C.N.R. Rao is a National Research Professor, Linus Pauling Research Professor and Honorary President of the Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bengaluru , an autonomous institution supported by the Ministry of Science & technology, Government of India. Professor Rao had made substantial contributions to the development of Science in India and the Third World.

(Current Affairs) Science & Technology, Defence, Environment | July + August: 2015

Science & Technology, Defense, Environment

New treatment for diabetes in offing: study

  • Australian researchers have discovered a link between protein intake and improved control of blood glucose in mice, opening the way for potential new treatments for diabetes in human beings.

  • Lead researcher Stefan Broer of Australian National University (ANU) said the findings show mice, with a reduced capacity to digest and absorb protein, are highly efficient at removing glucose from blood after a meal. “This is precisely what individuals with diabetes fail to do. This research has significant potential for the design of new drugs to treat type 2 diabetes,” said Professor Broer, from the ANU Research School of Biology.

  • Prof. Broer said the mice lacked a so—called transporter in the intestine that moves amino acids, the breakdown products of protein digestion, from the lumen of the intestine into the blood. This reduces the intake of protein and indirectly improves their efficiency at removing glucose from the blood.

Military modernisation picks up pace

  • In one year of the Narendra Modi government, military modernisation has gathered pace, especially in the last couple of months, with some quick decisions taken by the Defence Acquisition Council (DAC). However, major policy formulations, in particular, revision of Defence Procurement Policy (DPP) and a separate policy for ‘Make in India’, are still awaited.

  • The government’s election pitch of ‘One Rank One Pension’ for armed forces personnel has been cleared in principle and the final sanction is expected shortly.

  • The biggest decision of the NDA government in the field of defence was the termination of the long-running Medium Multi-Role Combat Aircraft contract for 126 jets and the announcement by Prime Minister Narendra Modi for direct purchase of 36 Rafale jets from France in a government-to-government deal.

  • Apart from that, in a move with long-term implications, the government rightfully downsized the new mountain strike corps meant for the eastern border from 90,000 to 35,000 troops due to finance obligations.

  • The DAC has cumulatively cleared defence deals worth over Rs. 1,00,000 crore. The recent decisions on Avro replacement programme and Kamov helicopters, which involve industry in a big way, will help develop aerospace ecosystem in the country.

  • While some are long-pending deals, others are approvals to initiate the procurement process which involves long timelines. The need is to take things to the logical conclusion minus the time and cost overruns typical of our procurement process.

(News) Change in IAS training program : 3 months training in Delhi

Change in IAS training program : 3 months training in Delhi

What is the training schedule currently?

The 1,000-odd recruits in every batch start their careers in the services with a four-month foundation course that is held at four centres: Mussoorie, Bhopal, Nagpur and Hyderabad. Usually, IAS, IPS and Indian Foreign Service probationers go to the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration in Mussoorie, while officers of other services are split among National Academy of Direct Taxes, Nagpur, RCVP Noronha Academy of Administration & Management, Bhopal, and Dr MCR Human Resource Development Institute of Andhra Pradesh, Hyderabad. At the end of the foundation course, the probationers travel across India on a two-month Bharat Darshan, following which they begin training at the specialised academies of their respective services. This phase of training (called Phase I training) lasts 15 weeks — IAS probationers are at LBSNAA, Mussoorie, IPS at Hyderabad’s Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy, etc. After completing the Phase I training, IAS probationers take up field postings in their respective cadres, which lasts for nearly eight months. They then return to LBSNAA for six weeks of Phase II training, at the end of which they are considered qualified IAS officers, and sent to their cadres.

How is this proposed to be changed?

As per the rules governing the All India Services (IAS, IPS, Indian Forest Service) IAS officers can be posted with the central government on deputation only after serving for nine years in their home cadre, except in cases where they become Private Secretary to a Minister. Around two months ago, the PMO suggested that in order to ensure that an IAS officer who comes on central deputation already has some idea of working at the Centre, all officers should serve for three months with the central government at the time of their training. This could also be part of an effort by the Centre to connect with field-level officers, and is likely to be a much more sustained engagement than the UPA-I idea of convening meetings of DMs and SPs in 2004-05.

The Gist of Science Reporter: August 2015

The Gist of Science Reporter: August 2015

Decoding the Engima Called Light

We see light and we see through light every day, everywhere. Over the years, scientists researching in optics - the science of light - have amassed a repository of knowledge, thanks to their myriad discoveries, which have provided us an insight into the enigma that is light. This quest to unravel the enigma can be depicted in the form of an ‘optics knowledge spiral’ shown on the next page.

The journey of light dates back to antiquity. Our journey of the optics knowledge spiral may begin through simple, light hearted queries like what is light and wondering how various phenomena in nature involving light occur such as sunrise and sunset, blues of sky and sea, rainbow, and the remarkable range of colors of plants and animals. It is estimated that since about 4.5 billion years the sun has been constantly lighting our earth by converting mass into energy. Life is believed to have originated by cyanobacteria in ocean because of light by the process of photosynthesis about 2 billion years ago. Pythagoras (582-500 BC) thought a light as particles that produce the sensation of vision upon entering the eye. Plato (427-347 BC), on the other hand, supposed that vision was produced by rays of light that originate in the eye and then strike the object being viewed. Aristotle (384-322 BC) considered light in the form of waves and Euclid (320-275 BC) postulated that light rays travel in a straight line and applied the knowledge of geometry to study paths of light. Hero of Alexandria (150 BC) is often credited with discovering the properties of reflection of light whereas Claudius Ptolemy (100-170 AD) performed elaborate experiments to measure the bending of a light beam as it passed from air into water or glass.

This early understanding of light had corresponding applications in different times. The simplest application of light is lighting. Fire constituted early man’s first use of artificial lighting in the form of flaming torch and campfire. It was followed by the use of primitive lamps made from natural sources like rocks and shells by prehistoric humans. Fireflies have also been used for illumination in the West Indian Islands and Japan. The invention of the candle dates back to about 400 A.D.

(Current Affairs) Economy & Energy | July + August: 2015


Home Ministry may not give licence to Sun TV firms

  • The Home Ministry may not grant licence to Kalanithi Maran-promoted Sun TV Network’s group companies citing the alleged involvement of its owners in 2G spectrum scam and Aircel Maxis cases before various courts and investigating agencies.
  • The stand is likely to be communicated to the Information and Broadcasting Ministry as Union Information and Broadcasting Minister Arun Jaitley had written to Home Minister Rajnath Singh on the issue, according to official sources here.
  • The company operates 45 radio channels under the brand name Suryan FM in Tamil Nadu and Red FM in rest of the country.
  • The Home Ministry said the company and its owners were allegedly involved in 2G scam, alleged bungling in Aircel-Maxis deal as well as running an “illegal” connections of telephones used for uploading their content, the sources said.
  • The company of Kalanithi, who is the brother of former union minister Dayanidhi Maran, had sought renewal of licence of its radio channels from one phase to another.

HDFC Bank, Apollo Hospitals join hands

  • HDFC Bank, in association with Apollo Hospitals, has launched a co-branded pre-paid card called HDFC Bank Apollo Medical Benefits Card, which will enable corporates to easily disburse medical allowance to their employees without waste of time and incurring any cost.

  • Corporates can load the specified allowance on to the card of each employee every month, which can be used by employees for medical expenditure at pan-India VISA/MasterCard outlets. “This card offers an easy and convenient way for corporates to save costs and eliminate administrative issues while disbursing medical allowances,” said Parag Rao, Senior Executive Vice-President and Business Head, Cards Payment Products and Merchant Acquiring Services, HDFC Bank.

  • “The Medical Benefit card is a win-win for employees, who benefit from cashless transactions for healthcare with unmatched savings, and the employer in terms of transparency, compliance and transaction cost saving. All companies and their employees will benefit and shift to this card in the future,” Shobana Kamineni, Executive Vice-Chairperson, Apollo Hospitals Enterprise Ltd., said in a statement.

  • This first-of-its kind card offers employees access to additional benefits such as discounts and facilities, including free ambulance services. The card comes with a free accidental death insurance and accident hospitalisation insurance, and discount at Apollo Network (Apollo Hospitals, Apollo Pharmacies, Apollo Clinics and Apollo White Dental) across India.

(Current Affairs) India and The World | July + August: 2015

India & The World

  • Bangladesh Government Approves Trade Deal with India (Free Available)

  • PM Modi Visits to France (Free Available)

  • India Contributes US $ 100,000 to The International Trade Centre Trust Fund (Free Available)

  • India Elected to Four Key Bodies of UN (Free Available)

  • US and India Sign MoC on Transportation (Only for Online Coaching Members)

  • India and Qatar Sign Six Agreements (Only for Online Coaching Members)

  • India and Japan sign Rs 1800 cr Loan for Rengali Irrigation Project (Only for Online Coaching Members)

Bangladesh Government Approves Trade Deal with India

  • Bangladesh’s cabinet has approved a revised trade agreement with India allowing for the trans-shipment of goods through each other’s territories across land and water routes through a third country in the neighbourhood in a bid to remove a long-standing barrier to smoothening regional trade.

Key facts of the deal

  • The revised agreement will facilitate both countries to use each other’s land and water routes for trade with a third country and remove long standing barrier in regional trade.

  • With this Bangladesh will be able to use Indian railways, roads and waterways in transshipment of goods to Bhutan and Nepal. While, India will be able to send goods to Myanmar through Bangladesh.

  • Under the modified deal both countries will be able to use transport networks for transporting the goods for a fee. These fees and charges for transporting goods will be the same for both the countries and will be fixed through bilateral discussions.

  • The deal will be in force for 5 years instead of the existing tenure of 3 years, and further can amended through mutual agreement.

  • At present, India has similar agreement with Nepal and Bhutan but Bangladesh’s trade with Nepal and Bhutan was hindered for want of such a treaty with India. Previously, trucks from Nepal and Bhutan entering from Bangladesh along the Indian border were required to park at a specific point near border. But under the revised deal, trucks from Nepal and Bhutan will enter Bangladesh through the Indian corridors.

  • Dhaka and New Delhi signed their original trade agreement in 1972 soon after the emergence of an independent Bangladesh. Under the terms of the deal, which had crucial Indian support but expired on March 31, trade could only be done between the two neighbours while India could transport goods to its seven north-eastern states.

The Gist of Press Information Bureau (PIB): August 2015

The Gist of Press Information Bureau: August 2015

Law Commission of India Submits Report on Guardian ship and Custody Laws

The Law Commission of India has submitted its Report No. 257 on “Reforms in Guardianship and Custody Laws in India” today to the Union Minister of Law and Justice. The report suggests amendments to existing laws to emphasize the “welfare of the child” in custody and guardianship matters, and introduces the concept of joint custody as an option to be considered in certain cases. Children are the worst affected in proceedings of divorce and family breakdowns. Often, parents use children as pawns to strike their own bargains, without considering the emotional, social and mental upheavals that the children may face. The Commission believes this imbalanced situation can be addressed in some measure through changes to the law that will place a duty upon the court to uphold the child’s welfare in each and every case. This will ensure that the child’s future is safe and protected, regardless of changing familial circumstances.

Courts in India have recognised the welfare principle, but many aspects of the legal and judicial framework remain wanting. Courts tend to grant custody of a child to either one parent or another, presuming that it is for the welfare of the child. Joint custody arrangements, where both parents have custody of the child, are rarely considered. Problems in court decisions are compounded by inconsistencies in the law. For instance, the Hindu Minority and Guardianship Act, 1956, regards the welfare of the child as being of paramount consideration, but the Guardians and Wards Act, 1890, contains no such provision. Similarly, the 1956 law does not treat the mother on an equal footing with the father as the natural guardian of her child. Further, custody battles are among the most fiercely fought in courts, because there is no agreement or understanding about what constitutes the welfare of the child. As a result, it is impossible to ensure that the interests of the child are actually protected. The legal framework also contains no guidelines about the manner and process by which custody issues should be handled.

Accordingly, this report of the Law Commission reviews the current laws dealing with custody and guardianship, and recommends legislative amendments to the Guardians and Wards Act, 1890 and the Hindu Minority and Guardianship Act, 1956. These amendments are necessary in order to bring these laws in tune with modern social considerations. Major amendments are recommended to the Guardians and Wards Act, 1890, by introducing a new chapter on custody and visitation arrangements. The Commission believes that the Guardians and Wards Act, 1890, being a secular law, will be relevant for all custody proceedings, besides any personal laws that may apply.

The key aspects of the legislative recommendations are as follows:

1. Welfare principle: The draft law strengthens the welfare principle in the Guardians and Wards Act, 1890, with a continuous emphasis on its relevance in each aspect of guardianship and custody related decision-making
2. Abolition of preference: The draft law removes the preference for the father as the natural guardian under Hindu law, and both parents are granted equal legal status with respect to guardianship and custody.
3. Joint custody: The draft law empowers courts to award joint custody to both parents in circumstances conducive to the welfare of the child, or award sole custody to one parent with visitation rights to the other.
4. Mediation: Parties to a custody matter must ordinarily consider expert-led and time-bound mediation, which can not only promote better outcomes for parents and children, but also reduce the strain on the overburdened court system.
5. Child support: The draft law empowers courts to fix an amount specifically for child support, to meet basic living expenses of the child. Financial resources of parents, and the standard of living of the child must be considered when fixing such amounts. Child support must continue till the child turns 18, but may be extended till 25; or longer, in case of a child with mental or physical disability.
6. Guidelines: The draft law includes detailed guidelines to help courts, parents and other stakeholders arrive at the best arrangement to serve the welfare of the child. The guidelines introduce several new concepts in this regard, including parenting plans, grand parenting time, visitation rights, and relocation of parents. They also elaborate the position on related aspects such as determining the intelligent preference of a child, access to records of the child, and mediation.

(Current Affairs) International Events | July + August: 2015

International Events

Luxembourg PM is the first gay EU leader to marry

  • Luxembourg Prime Minister Xavier Bettel married his gay partner, becoming the first European Union leader to enter into a same-sex union in a symbol of growing social change across the continent.

  • Mr. Bettel (42), a centre-right politician who became Premier in 2013, tied the knot with Gauthier Destenay, a Belgian architect, just months after the conservative Roman Catholic duchy legalised gay weddings.

  • The Prime Minister, wearing a navy blue suit, and his partner, dressed in a dark grey suit, held hands as they arrived for the low key ceremony at the Luxembourg town hall, where around 100 well-wishers applauded them.

  • As well as being the first leader in the 28-nation EU to wed a gay partner, Mr. Bettel is only the second in the world after Iceland’s Prime Minister Johanna Sigurdardottir, who married her writer partner in 2010. Iceland is not part of the EU.

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