(IGP) Special Current Affairs Material for IAS (Pre) 2013
Chapter: Gist of Press Information
Topic: The Right of Every Child: The
Right to Education
Q. What are the data of child labour at national level and at international
According to the 2001 Census there are 1.26 crores
economically active children in the age-group of 5-14 years. Among the states,
Uttar Pradesh accounts for a larger share of close to one fourth of all child
labour in India followed by Andhra Pradesh. Maharashtra and West Bengal
respectively garnered nine and eight percent of India’s child employment.
The share of Uttar Pradesh has dramatically shot up in the
last one decade from less than 13 per cent in the mid-1990s to close to 23 per
cent in 2004-05, which is a cause for concern. On the other hand, the share of
Andhra Pradesh seems to have declined quite considerably during this period.
The most recent estimates suggest 127 million boys and 88 million girls are
involved in child labour with 74 million boys and 41 million girls in the worst
forms at international level.
ILO estimates that there are 21.8 crore child labourers
worldwide. The Government of India’s 2001 census estimated that 1.27 crore are
involved in child labour. This means that about 3.6% of the total labour force
in India is constituted by children.
Q. What is the NCLP Scheme?
The NCLP Scheme has been in operation since 1988. During the 10th Plan, the
NCLP projects were enhanced from 150 to 250 districts.
Under the Scheme children withdrawn from work are sent to
special schools where they are provided with education, vocational training,
nutrition, stipend, health care facilities etc. The children withdrawn from work
are kept in special schools for a maximum period of three years to prepare them
to join the regular education system.
The Government proposes to expand the National Child Labour
Project (NCLP) Scheme to all child labour endemic districts in the country
during the 11th Plan. The Scheme is at present operational in 250 districts in
20 States wherein 7,328 special schools are functioning for the children
withdrawn from work. Over 4.20 lakh children withdrawn from work are at present
covered under the Scheme.
Q. What is the proposal of 12th Plan in respect of NCLP and RTE?
The 12th Plan Proposal of the Planning Commission calls for an effective
alignment of the NCLP Scheme with the provisions of the Right of Children to
Free and Compulsory Education (RTE Act, 2009).
Accordingly, the NCLP Schools will serve as Special Training
Centre for un-enrolled and out-of-school children in accordance with the
provisions of Section 4 of the RTE Act and Rule 5 of the Right of Children to
Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Rules, 2010.
For this purpose, all such children will be admitted to a
neighborhood school of the State Government/local authority. After such
admission, the children will undergo the special training for being mainstreamed
into the regular school in an age appropriate class.
Q. When World Day against Child Labour is celebrated?
The World Day against Child Labour was launched by the International Labour
Organization (ILO) in 2002 to generate awareness about the practice of child
labour in different sectors on 12 June.