Mind Map for UPSC Exam (Nuclear Suppliers Group)



Mind Map for UPSC Exam (Nuclear Suppliers Group)


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Study Material for IAS Prelims: GS Paper -1 + CSAT Paper-2

Online Crash Course for UPSC PRE Exam

Mind Map Important Topics:

Nuclear Suppliers Group

About NSG

  • The 48-member NSG is a key multi-lateral body regulating nuclear trade.
  • Nuclear Suppliers Group is concerned with reducing nuclear proliferation by controlling the export and re-transfer of nuclear weapon development materials.
  • Nuclear suppliers group is also concerned with improving safeguards and protection on existing materials.
  • NSG came into existence as a responce to India's first nuclear test at Pokhran in may 1974.
  • India's test demonstrated that nuclear weapon can be made through non-weapons specific nuclear technology.

India and NSG

  • India is not the signatory of Non proliferation treaty of nuclear weapons.
  • The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons is an international treaty whose objective is to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology.
  • India is also one of the few countries outside the NSG that has ‘full-cycle’ expertise on nuclear technology.
  • The NSG would therefore be strengthened if a country with the capabilities of India.
  • Nuclear suppliers group gave India specific waiver in 2008.
  • While deciding NSG looked into India's long-standing and impeccable non-proliferation credentials would strengthen norms that incentivise good non-proliferation behaviour and vice-versa.

Criteria's to become NSG member

  • The ability to supply items (including items in transit) covered by the annexes to Parts 1 and 2 of the NSG Guidelines;
  • Adherence to the Guidelines and action in accordance with them
  • Enforcement of a legally based domestic export control system which gives effect to the commitment to act in accordance with the Guidelines.
  • Adherence to one or more of the NPT, the Treaties of Pelindaba, Rarotonga, Tlatelolco, Bangkok , Semipalatinsk or an equivalent international nuclear non-proliferation agreement, and full compliance with the obligations of such agreement(s); and
  • Support of international efforts towards nonproliferation of weapons of mass destruction and of their delivery vehicles.

Chinese Opposition to India's entry

  • china sees india's membership to elite group as India elevating to P5 status
  • china wants to include its all weather friend pakistan as well because india may block its entry after getting membership.
  • Official position of China is that it favours rule based entry.

Click Here to Download Full MAP in PDF

Study Material for IAS Prelims: GS Paper -1 + CSAT Paper-2

Online Crash Course for UPSC PRE Exam

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