Mizoram Public Service Commission
In the year 1919, the Government of India sent a proposal in
respect of the Constitutional reforms to the Secretary,Government of India
therein,for the first time, the matter of Public Service Commission was
discussed and the provision of establishing the Public Sercie Commission was
made under Section 96-C of the India Government Act,1919.However, the said
provision did not came into force for a period of 7 years. In pursuance of the
recommendations of the Lee Commission appointed in the year 1923,the Federal
Public Service Commission was established for the Government of India in the
year 1926. The Lee Commission had effectively put forth the necessity of the
Commission. Therein,it was emphasised that for effective civil service, it was
necessry for it to get protection from political and private influence and that,
for that purpose it was necessary to have Public Service Commission for the
State. Nevertheless,the India Government Act, 1919 was silent on setting up
Province-wise Public Service Commission. However, the Lee Commission had also
recommended that for keeping control over the recruitment and in order to
curtail the political influence, the Provinces should enact a law for their own
respective Public Service Commission.In pursuance thereof, Madrss Province took
initiative and it was the first Province to enact a law in the year 1929 and to
set up a Provincial Public Service Commission.
On the constitution of Mizoram as full fledged State of India on 20.2.1987. It has become a constitutional necessity under Article 315 of the Constituion of India to have a Public Service Commission to be consulted by the State Government on the matters of appointment to Civil Services and posts under the Government of Mizoram. The very first action of the State Government towards constituting its own Public Service Commission was to create various posts under envisaged Public Service Commission like Secretaries,Clerical Staff,drivers and peon which were a necessity for a establishment. These posts were created vide Notification No. A 11020/1/87P&AR(GSW) dated 10.11.1987. Subsequently,the Government of Mizoram had promulgated another regulation under Article 318 called the Mizoram Public Service Commission Regulation 1989 vide Notification No A.11020/1/87-P&AR(GSW) dated 11.5.1989 which provide Chairman and not more than three Members.
The Government of Mizoram,vide Notification No A 11020/1/87-P&AR(GSW) dated 30.4.1991 had appointed Pu S.R.Vala an IAS Officer of Orissa Cadre,as the first Chairman of Mizoram Public Service Commission. He Joined the Commission on 1.5.1991.Thus ,after four long years of Statehood, the Mizoram Public Service Commission came into existetence. The Government of Mizoram vide Notification No A.11020/1/87 -P7AR(GSW) dated 12.7.1991 has appointed Pu M.Lalmanzuala IAS to be a first Member of the Commission and he joined on 15.7.1991.
In accordance with Article 320 of the Constitution of India,
it is the duty of the Commission to conduct Examinations of candidates for
appointment to the services in the State and to advise the Government on all
matters relating to methods of recruitment to Civil Services, the principles to
be followed in making such appointments and in effecting promotions and
transfers from one service to another. The Commission is also to be consulted by
the Government before takingf necessary final decision in respect of
disciplinary matters concerning persons serving the State Government in a civil
capacity. The Commission's advice is also to be sought regarding any claim filed
by a government servant for payment of legal expanses incurred by him in
defending himself in any legal proceedings instituted against him for acts done
in execution of his duties as also on the award of compensation for injuries
sustained by a Government Servant in his civil capacity.
As enumerated in sub clause 'C' of Clause 3 of Article 320 of the Constitution of India, the Commission is to be consulted on matters regarding imposition of penalties on Government Servants. The Commission was consulted on 4 occasions and the Commission, after examining all the cases, conveyed its views to the Government.