IAS : Syllabus Urdu (Optional) Civil Services Examination
Development of Urdu Language
a) Development of Indo-Aryan (i) Old Indo-Aryan (ii) Middle Indo Aryan
(iii) New Indo Aryan
b) Western Hindi and its dialects Brij Bhasha Khadi Boli, Haryanavi Kannauji,
Bundeli-Theories about the origin of Urdu Language
c) Dakhani Urdu-Origin and development, its significant linguistic features.
d) Social and Cultural roots of Urdu language-and its distinctive features.
Script, Phonology, Morphology, Vocabulary.
a) Genres and their development :
(i) Poetry : Ghazal, Masnavi, Qasida, Marsia, Rubai, Jadid Nazm,
(ii) Prose : Novel, Short Story, Dastan, Drama, Inshaiya, Khutoot,
b) Significant features of :
(i) Deccani, Delhi and Lucknow schools
(ii) Sir Syed movement, Romantic movement, Progressive movement, Modernism.
c) Literary Criticism and its development with
reference to Hali, Shibli, Kaleemuddin Ahmad, Ehtisham Hussain,
d) Essay writing (covering literary and
1. Mir Amman "Bagho-Babar"
2. Ghalib "Intikhab-e-Khutoot-e Ghalib"
3. Mohd. Husain "Nairang-e-Khayal Azad"
4. Prem Chand "Godan"
5. Rajendra Singh "Apne Dukh Mujhe Bedi Dedo"
6. Abul Kalam Azad "Ghubar-e-Khatir"
1. Mir "Intikhab-e-Kalam-e-Mir" (Ed. Abdul Haq.)
2. Mir Hasan "Sahrul Bayan"
3. Ghalib "Diwan-e-Ghalib"
4. Iqbal "Bal-e-Jibrail"
5. Firaq "Gul-e-Naghma"
6. Faiz "Dast-e-Saba"
7. Akhtruliman "Bint-e-Lamhat"