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(Syllabus) IAS : Syllabus Urdu (Optional) Civil Services Examination

IAS : Syllabus Urdu (Optional) Civil Services Examination

  • Paper-I

  • Answers must be written in Urdu.


Development of Urdu Language
a) Development of Indo-Aryan (i) Old Indo-Aryan (ii) Middle Indo Aryan (iii) New Indo Aryan
b) Western Hindi and its dialects Brij Bhasha Khadi Boli, Haryanavi Kannauji, Bundeli-Theories about the origin of Urdu Language
c) Dakhani Urdu-Origin and development, its significant linguistic features.
d) Social and Cultural roots of Urdu language-and its distinctive features. Script, Phonology, Morphology, Vocabulary.


a) Genres and their development :
(i) Poetry :
Ghazal, Masnavi, Qasida, Marsia, Rubai, Jadid Nazm,
(ii) Prose :
Novel, Short Story, Dastan, Drama, Inshaiya, Khutoot, Biography.

b) Significant features of :
(i) Deccani, Delhi and Lucknow schools
(ii) Sir Syed movement, Romantic movement, Progressive movement, Modernism.

c) Literary Criticism and its development with reference to Hali, Shibli, Kaleemuddin Ahmad, Ehtisham Hussain, Ale-Ahmad Suroor.

d) Essay writing (covering literary and imaginative topics)


  • Answers must be written in Urdu.

  • This paper will require first hand reading of the texts prescribed and will be designed to test the candidates critical ability.


1. Mir Amman "Bagho-Babar"
2. Ghalib "Intikhab-e-Khutoot-e Ghalib"
3. Mohd. Husain "Nairang-e-Khayal Azad"
4. Prem Chand "Godan"
5. Rajendra Singh "Apne Dukh Mujhe Bedi Dedo"
6. Abul Kalam Azad "Ghubar-e-Khatir"


1. Mir "Intikhab-e-Kalam-e-Mir" (Ed. Abdul Haq.)
2. Mir Hasan "Sahrul Bayan"
3. Ghalib "Diwan-e-Ghalib"
4. Iqbal "Bal-e-Jibrail"
5. Firaq "Gul-e-Naghma"
6. Faiz "Dast-e-Saba"
7. Akhtruliman "Bint-e-Lamhat"

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