(Syllabus) RAS Pre-Syllabus: Sociology (Code No. 28)


Rajasthan Public Service Commission

RAS Pre-Syllabus: Sociology (Code No. 28)

Sociological Perspective

Sociology as a Science

  • Relation of Sociology with other Social Sciences : Economic, Political Science and Social Anthropology.

Basic Concepts :

  • Society : Meaning, nature and characteristics.
  • Community : Meaning and characteristics, Relationship with society.
  • Association : Meaning and characteristics.
  • Social Institution : Meaning, characteristics and forms; functions, difference between Social institution and Association.
  • Social Group : Meaning and characteristics, Types - Primary and Secondary Reference Group.
  • Social Interaction : Contact, communication and interest fulfilment.
  • Culture : Meaning, characteristics, components and cultural processes.
  • Social Structure : Meaning, characteristics and theories.
  • Social Stratification : Meaning, bases, forms and theories.
  • Status and Role : Meaning, types and mutual relationship.
  • Norms and Values : Meaning, types and mutual relationship.
  • Social Processes : Meaning, nature and forms-cooperation, competition and conflict.
  • Socialization : Concept, types, agencies and theories.
  • Social Deviance : Meaning, Forms and theories.
  • Social Change : Meaning, factors and theories. Change, progress and development, Directed social change.

Magic, Religion and Science

  • Indian Society : Socio-cultural factors; Unity and diversity.
  • Caste in India : Features, origin and changing patterns.
  • Purusharatha and Varnasharma Vyavastha : Objectives, features and forms. Marriage and Family in India : Features, forms, changes, problem and related legislation.
  • Kinship in India : Features, types and usages.
  • Residence and Descent : Rules, forms and primogeniture.
  • Status of Women in India : Changes, problems and related laws.
  • Population Problem in India : Causes, forms extent and remedies.
  • Current Social Problems in India : Casteism, communalism, regionalism, poverty, bondage of labour, child misuse, environmental pollutions, crime and juvenile delinquency and youth unrest. Scheduled Castes and
  • Scheduled Tribes in India : Problems, safeguard, Constitutional provisions and related legislation.
  • Induced Social Change in India : Aims, Plans, Projects & Schemes. Rural and Tribal Development strategies and Agencies.
  • Urbanization and Industrialization in India : Positive and negative implications for social life in India.

Panchayati Raj in India

Economic and Political Systems of simple and complex societies.

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