||Grain-giver, refer to Sudras
||Literally means “Duly when in stress” implies
what a man may legitimately do when he cannot earn a living by the
normal deeds performed by his class.
||Land grant/ a single plot of land or whole of
village to an in individual Brahmin or a group of Brahmins.
||Land grants to religious establishment (temple
||Literally means “twiceborn”. Referred to the
three upper classes vig. Brahmans, Kshatriyas and Vaisyas who were
supposed to be born twice, once at their natural birth and again at
their initiation, when they were invested with the sacred thread and
received into the Aryan society.
||south Indian education Institutions
||Irrigation device (Ref. fromBanabhatta)
|Hinasippas Low profession Hypergamous system of
marriage based on the concept of noble-born stated by Ballala sena.
||Important member of village, having landed
||An important guild in Kerela
||Urban people of refined culture during the Gupta
||Guild of teachers having membership from
different regions and castes
||The practice of allowing a widow to cohabit with
her husband’s younger brother till the birth of a male child prohibited
by Dharmashastra from Gupta period onwards.
||Learned Brahmins who had the knowledge of Vedas.
||Property in the form of jewelers etc. Over which
the right of the women was recognised . After the omen’s death it passed
over to her daughter.
||A general norm of conduct appropriate to each
class and to each sage in dharma the life of the individual
||The court jester in the Sanskrit drama, a figure
of fun, invariably a Brahman