Mind Map for UPSC Exam (Climate Deal)



Mind Map for UPSC Exam (Climate Deal)


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Study Material for IAS Prelims: GS Paper -1 + CSAT Paper-2

Online Crash Course for UPSC PRE Exam

Mind Map Important Topics:

Climate Deal

History

  • International action against climate change started with earth summit of 1992.
  • The UNFCCC is a “Rio Convention”, one of three adopted at the “Rio Earth Summit” in 1992.
  • The UNFCCC entered into force on 21 March 1994. Today 195 countries have ratified the Convention are called Parties to the Convention.
  • Preventing “dangerous” human interference with the climate system is the ultimate aim of the UNFCCC.
  • The Conference of parties (COP) is the supreme decision-making body of the Convention. All States that are Parties to the Convention are also the members of the COP.

Kyoto Protocol

  • At the COP in 1997 in kyoto, the Kyoto Protocol was agreed. Agreement commits its Parties by setting internationally binding emission reduction targets.
  • Protocol places a heavier burden on developed nations under the principle of "common but differentiated responsibilities."
  • The Kyoto Protocol was adopted in Kyoto, Japan, on 1997 and entered into force on 16 February 2005.
  • It divided countries into three groups of Annex I, Annex II and Annex III.
  • Annex have industrialised nations and responsibility for reduction in GHG is with Annex I countries. Roadmap for Kyoto ended at 2012.

COP 21

  • It restrict the rise in global temperatures to below 2 degree C of pre-industrial levels.
  • Nations submitted their own Nationally determined contributions to UNFCC and it has calculated the total effect on the world.
  • Notes with concern that the estimated aggregate GHG emission levels in 2025 and 2030 from INDCs do not fall within least-cost 2 ˚
  • much greater emission reduction efforts will be required than those associated with the INDCs
  • Urges those Parties whose intended nationally determined contribution contains a time frame up to 2025 to communicate by 2020 a new nationally determined contribution and to do so every five years thereafter
  • Decides to convene a facilitative dialogue among Parties in 2018 to take stock of the collective efforts of Parties in relation to progress towards the long-term goal.

Click Here to Download Full MAP in PDF

Study Material for IAS Prelims: GS Paper -1 + CSAT Paper-2

Online Crash Course for UPSC PRE Exam

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