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(IGP) IAS Pre: GS - Paper 1 - Environment - Biodiversity (MCQ -1)

BIODIVERSITY
(MCQ 1)

1. Which of the following are correct
1) India, a mega diversity country with only 2.4 percent of the land area, accounts for 7-8 per cent of the recorded species of the world
2) In terms of species richness, India ranks seventh in mammals, ninth in birds and fifth in reptiles.

a) 1
b) 2
c) Both
d) None

2. Which of the following are correct
1) India also has 23.39 per cent of its geographical area under forest and tree cover
2) Of the 34 globally identified biodiversity hotspots, India harbors four hotspots, i.e., Himalaya, Indo-Burma, Western Ghats and Sri Lanka and Sundaland.
a) 1
b) Both
c) 2
d) None

3. Which of the following are incorrect
1) In terms of plant diversity India ranks tenth in the world and fourth in Asia
2) India represents nearly 15 per cent of the world’s known floral diversity.

a) 1
b) 2
c) Both
d) None

4. Which of the following are correct
1) Cartagena Protocol is a regulation on transboundary movement on the biosafety of handling and use of living modified organisms (LMOs)
2) Stockholm Convention is to Protect human health and the Persistent Organic environment from persistent organic substances

a) 1
b) 2
c) None
d) Both

5. Which of the following are correct
1) India stands seventh in the world in terms of contribution of species to agriculture and animalhusbandry.
2) The National Gene Bank at NBPGR is primarily responsible for conservation of unique accessions on long-term basis form of seeds.

a) 1
b) Both
c) None
d) 2

6. Which of the following are correct
1) India ranks third in buffaloes, second in cattle and goats.
2) The National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources (NBAGR) undertakes suitable programmes for identification, evaluation of animal genetic resources

a) 1
b) 2
c) Both
d) None

7. Which of the following are correct
1) India is endowed with vast inland and marine bio resources.
2) It is the third largest producer of fish in the world and second largest producer of inland fish.

a) 1
b) 2
c) Both
d) None

8. Which of the following is incorrect
1) Delhi is the first state to follow the State action plan on Climate change
2) State of Forests Report 2009 Latest State of Forest Report released, shows continued rise in India’s forest cover.

a) None
b) Both
c) 1
d) 2

9. Which of the following are correct
1) Alpha diversity (within-community diversity) refers to the rate of replacement of species along a gradient of habitats or communities.
2) Gamma diversity (overall) refers to the diversity of the habitats over the total landscape or geographical area.

a) 1
b) 2
c) Both
d) None

10. Which of the following are incorrect
1) Forestry is the second largest land use in India after agriculture, covering approximately 23.57 percent (recorded forest area) of the total geographical area
2) It contribution to the Gross Domestic Product is maximum

a) 1
b) 2
c) Both
d) None


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