(Download) UPSC IAS Mains Exam 2017
Exam Name: UPSC IAS Mains Law (Paper-I)
Time Allowed: 3 Hours
SECTION – A
Q1. Answer the following in about 150 words each. Support your answer with
legal provisions and judicial pronouncements:
(a) “Law recognizes that ‘mistake’ must be in good faith.” In this
backdrop, explain the defence of ‘mistake’ contained under General Exceptions of
the Penal Code.
(b) In all robbery, there is either theft or extortion. Explain.
(c) “Law of torts is said to be a development of the maxim ‘Ubi jus ibi remedium’.”
Discuss the statement.
(d) Explain ‘necessity’ as a defence for the liability of tort and also mention
the classes of necessity.
(e) “The object of the Protection of Civil Rights Act, 1955 is to abolish
(a) “Section 34 is incorporated in the Indian Penal Code to deal with the
cases where it is very difficult to distinguish precisely the part taken by each
individual in criminal act.”
(b) Discuss the different forms to outrage the modesty of a woman which have
been made punishable in the Indian Penal Code through the Criminal Law
(c) When, under the law of torts even using reasonable care, is a person liable
for the tort of negligence? Discuss.
(a) “There is a very thin but fine and subtle distinction between culpable
homicide and murder. The difference lies merely in the different degrees of
probability of death ensuing.” Discuss the statement and refer to decided cases.
(b) When is principal not liable for the torts committed by his servant?
(c) Mention the defences of torts of defamation and also discuss whether
exceptions given under the Indian Penal Code, 1860 for the offence of defamation
may be claimed as additional grounds by the defendant.
(a) “Consumer Protection Council also play a very important role in
consumer protection.” Examine the statement and elaborate the objects,
composition and functions of the Central, State and District Consumer Councils.
(b) “In order to constitute criminal attempt, the act caused must be proximate
to the intended result.” Explain the observation with the help of decided case
(c) Explaining the concept of ‘no liability’, mention the Indian Acts in which
this concept has been incorporated.
SECTION – B
Q5. Answer the following in about 150 words each. Support your answer with
relevant legal provisions and decided cases:
(a) “Minority can only be claimed as a shield but not as a sword.” Explain
the statement and mention the situations when a minor is liable under the law of
(b) “Public policy is like an ‘unruly horse’ which cannot be controlled
easily.”Explain the statement and mention the agreements which are against
(c) “Right to stoppage of goods in transit starts when right to lien ends”.
(d) Discuss the various defences which can be pleaded by the defendant in an
action for infringement of copyright under the Copyright Act, 1957.
(e) When does the infringement of trademark occur? Discuss the essentials of
infringement of trademark. Write down the acts not constituting infringement of
(a) Discuss the constitution, jurisdiction, powers and authority of
National Green Tribunal. How far has it been successful in achieving its
objectives? Explain with the help of recent cases
(b) “Revocation of proposal is death of the proposal.” Explain the statement and
mention the manners of revocation.
(c) Explain ‘holder’ and ‘holder’ in due course’, and distinguish between the
two. Also discuss their rights.
(a) “Section 74 of the Indian Contract Act, 1872 has cut down the most
troublesome knot of common law doctrine of awarding damages.”Discuss the
(b) “Public interest litigation has played a very crucial role in protection of
environment in India.” Elucidate and illustrate with the help of decided cases.
(c) “Notwithstanding transparency of governance, certain information’s have been
exempted from disclosure under the rights to information Act, 2005.” Discuss the
relevant provisions and limitations on disclosure of information.
(a) Under the Indian Contract Act, 1872, when is a contract deemed to be
entered into by the parties? Discuss.
(b) “An invention has to satisfy certain conditions in order to get a
patent.”Examine critically the statement.
(c) How far is the Competition Act, 2002 an improvement over the monopolies and
Restrictive Trade Practices Act, 1969 (MRTP Act, 1969) with respect to ‘abuse of
dominant position? Discuss and explain the relevant statutory provisions.