(Article) About Central Armed Police Forces Exam

Central Armed Police Forces Exam


According to the naming convention adopted in 2011, the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) are the following eight police forces of the central government of India:

  • Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF): This is the largest of the Central Armed Police Forces with 325,000 personnel in 245 battalions The Central Reserve Police includes the Rapid Action Force (RAF), a 10 battalion anti-riot force trained to respond to sectarian violence, and the Commando Battalion for Resolute Action (COBRA), a 10,000 strong anti-Naxalite force.

  • Border Security Force (BSF): The primary role of BSF is to guard the land borders of the country, except in the mountains. It has 240,000 personnel in 186 Battalions. It is headed by an Indian Police Service Officer.

  • Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP): The ITBP is deployed for guarding duties on the border with China from Karakoram Pass in Ladakh to Diphu La in Arunachal Pradesh covering a total distance of 2488 km.[9] It has 77,000 personnel in 55 Battalions.

  • Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB): For guarding the Indo-Nepal and Indo-Bhutan Borders. It has 82,000 personnel and 48 battalions and some reserved battalions.

  • Central Industrial Security Force (CISF): One of the largest industrial security force in the world, CISF provides security to various PSUs and other critical infrastructure installations across the country. It has total strength of about 112,000 personnel in 132 battalions.

  • Railway Protection Force (RPF): Established under the RPF Act 1957, RPF is charged with providing security for the Indian Railways.

  • National Security Guards (NSG): The NSG is an elite counter terrorist and rapid response force. The NSG's roles include conducting anti-sabotage checks, rescuing hostages, neutralising terrorist threats to vital installations, engaging terrorists, responding to hijacking and piracy and protecting VIPs. It has 8636 personnel (including 1086 personnel for regional hubs. The NSG also includes the Special Ranger Group (SRG), whose 3,000 personnel provide protection to India's political leadership.

These forces were frequently referred to as "paramilitary forces" until 2011, when the government gave new official definitions which restricted the use of that term. According to the official definition adopted in 2011, the term "Paramilitary Forces" refers to three organisations which assist the Indian Armed Forces particularly closely and are led by officers of the Indian Army or Indian Navy. They are

The Assam Rifles (AR) 50,000 personnel

  • (led by Indian Army officers reporting to the Ministry of Home Affairs)

The Special Frontier Force (SFF) 10,000 personnel

  • (led by Indian Army officers reporting to Indian Intelligence)

The Indian Coast Guard 5,400 personnel (29 stations)

  • (usually led by Indian Navy officers and reporting to the Ministry of Defence).

The term "paramilitary forces" was previously used to refer to a variety of armed services that aided the operations of the law enforcement agencies of India and the Indian Armed Forces. No single official definition existed, so the term normally included central armed police and often included state armed police.In March 2011, at the request of the Indian Army, the Indian government authorized the Indian Army to provide definitive terminology. An extremely narrow definition of "paramilitary" was adopted which excluded services now known as the "Central Armed Police Forces" (CAPF)(e.g. the Central Reserve Police Force) and services now known as the "State Armed Police Forces". The Indian government's new terminology does not necessarily coincide with the existing terminology of the states of India; for example, the state of Bihar calls its state armed police force "Military Police". It is not yet clear how (or whether) such discrepancies will be resolved. They are also compared to India’s various State Armed Police Forces.

SOURCE- Wikipedia

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