CAPF-AC (Assistant Commandant) Exam Study Material :
History- The Indian Renaissance
History : The Indian Renaissance
During this period the awakening was made possible due to the spread of Western
education and ideas, emergence of a number of pioneering individuals strongly
imbued with the ideas of reforms, spread of Christianity and the proliferation
of newspapers and literary magazines.
Rammohan Roy (1772-1833)
- He was born at Radhanagar in Bengal in 1772. He is regarded as the first
great leader of modern India. He opposed idol worship and pressed on
Doctrine of the Unity of God. He believed that basically all religions
preach a common message.
- He was deeply influenced by monotheism, anti-idolatry of Islam, Sufism,
and ethical teachings of Christianity & liberal & rationalist doctrines of
the west. He was one of the earliest propagators of modern education.
- At the age of sixteen, he became convinced of the futility of idol
worship and to that effect wrote a treatise, Tuhfat-ul-Muwahhidin (Gift to
Monotheists) in Persian questioning the validity of the system of idol
worship and praising in its place the doctrine of monotheism. Annoyed at
this, his father drove him out of the house.
- He Started the Atmiya Sabha in 1814, The Brahma Sabha in 1829, (Brahmo
Samaj on 20th August,1828). Based on the twin pillars of-reason, the Vedas
and the Upanishads. Laid emphasis on human dignity, opposed idolatry, and
criticised social evils. Succeeded in persuading Lord Bentick to abolish
sati in 1829.
- He gave enthusiastic assistance to David Hare, who founded the famous
Hindu college in Calcutta.