(Sample Material) Online Coaching for CAPF (AC): Logical reasoning and analytical ability - "Syllogism"

Online Coaching for UPSC Central Armed Police Forces (AC) Written Examination

Logical reasoning and analytical ability

Topic: Syllogism

Directions: In each of the question below are given two Statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the two given Statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts and decide which of the given conclusion (s) logically follow (s) from the two given Statement: s, disregarding commonly known facts. Give your answer as

(a) If only conclusion or I follows
(b) If only conclusion II follows
(c) If either I or II follows
(d) If both I and II follow

1. Statement:

I. Some hats are caps.
II. Some caps are mats.


I. Some caps are hats.
II. Some mats are caps.

2. Statement:

I. Some fools are intelligent.
II. Some intelligent are great.


I. Some fools are great.
II. No great is fool.

3. Statement:

I. Some stones are bricks.
II. Some bricks are trees.


I. Some stones are trees.
II. Some trees are bricks.

4. Statement:

I. Some cities are villages.
II. Some towns are villages.


I. Some cities are towns.
II. No town is city.