CAPF-AC (Assistant Commandant) Exam Study Material :
Environment & Ecology - Some Important Facts To Digest
Environment & Ecology
Some Important Facts To Digest
Chronology of Legislations : Forest & Environment Legislation
1865 : Indian Forest Act passed.
1878 : Act revised. Provision of “Reserve” and protected
1927 : The act of 1878 was revised. Indian forest Act
1927 with various amendments by the states.
1972 : Wildlife Protection Act 1972 passed to provide
greater attention to conservation of wildlife.
1976 : Tree Protection Act 1976 for protection of trees
in rural and urban areas of hills.
1980 : Forest conservation Act 1980 passed to prohibit
non-forestry use of forest land without prior approval of Government.
1991 : Wildlife (Protection) Act 1991 (Amendment) to make
1972 Act more comprehensive.
The Wildlife Protection Act
This Act, passed in 1972, deals with the declaration of
National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries and their notification. It
establishes the structure of the State’s wildlife management and the posts
designated for Wildlife Management.
It provides for setting up Wildlife Advisory Boards. It
prohibits hunting of all animals specified in Schedules I to IV of the Act.
These are notified in order of their danger of extinction. Plants that are
protected are included in Schedule VI.
The Amendment to the Wildlife Protection Act in 2002 is
more stringent and prevents the commercial use of resources by local people.
It has brought in new concepts such as the creation of Community Reserves.
It has also altered several definitions. For instance, under animals, fish
are now included. Forest produce has been redefined to ensure the protection