CAPF-AC (Assistant Commandant) Exam Study Material :
History- Development of Education & the Indian Press
History : Development of Education & the Indian Press
Development of Education
Warren Hastings set up the Calcutta Madrasa in 1781 for
the study of Arabic and Persian.
The Asiatic Society of Bengal was founded by Sir William
Jones iii Calcutta in 1784.
Jonathan Duncan, the resident at Benares started the Sanskrit
College in 1791.
Lord Welleslley started the Fort William College m 1800 for
the training of Civil Servants, which the court of Directors closed in 1802.
William Carey, a Baptist missionary, set up schools and
published Bengali translations of the Bible, thereby laying the foundations of
English Education and Bengali prose literature.
The Charter Act of 1813, was the first to provide an annual
expenditure of one lakh rupees “for the revival and promotion of literature.”
David Hare and Raja Rammohan Roy were instrumental in selling
up the Calcutta Hindu College in 1817. Which later developed into the Presidency
Orientalist-Anglicist Controversy and Macualay’s Minutes
Macualay, a member of the Executive Council wrote his Minute on Educational
Policy (2. February 1833) which favoured the Anglicist viewpoint. The Macualayan
system was based as the idea that limited means negated mass education, hence a
minority would be educated in English, who would act as ‘class of interpreters’,
thereby enriching the vernaculars such that the knowledge of Western Sciences
and literature would reach the masses. Lord William Bentick, in the Resolution
of 7 March 1835, accepted Macualays viewpoint which led to the promotion of
European science and literature.