CAPF-AC (Assistant Commandant) Exam Study Material : History- Development of Education & the Indian Press

CAPF-AC (Assistant Commandant) Exam Study Material : History- Development of Education & the Indian Press

History : Development of Education & the Indian Press

Development of Education

  • Warren Hastings set up the Calcutta Madrasa in 1781 for the study of Arabic and Persian.

  • The Asiatic Society of Bengal was founded by Sir William Jones iii Calcutta in 1784.

  • Jonathan Duncan, the resident at Benares started the Sanskrit College in 1791.

  • Lord Welleslley started the Fort William College m 1800 for the training of Civil Servants, which the court of Directors closed in 1802.

  • William Carey, a Baptist missionary, set up schools and published Bengali translations of the Bible, thereby laying the foundations of English Education and Bengali prose literature.

  • The Charter Act of 1813, was the first to provide an annual expenditure of one lakh rupees “for the revival and promotion of literature.”

  • David Hare and Raja Rammohan Roy were instrumental in selling up the Calcutta Hindu College in 1817. Which later developed into the Presidency College.

Orientalist-Anglicist Controversy and Macualay’s Minutes

  • The Orientalists led by HT Princep who favoured encouragement of Oriental literature and

  • The Anglicist who favoured the advancement of Western Science and literature.

Macualay, a member of the Executive Council wrote his Minute on Educational Policy (2. February 1833) which favoured the Anglicist viewpoint. The Macualayan system was based as the idea that limited means negated mass education, hence a minority would be educated in English, who would act as ‘class of interpreters’, thereby enriching the vernaculars such that the knowledge of Western Sciences and literature would reach the masses. Lord William Bentick, in the Resolution of 7 March 1835, accepted Macualays viewpoint which led to the promotion of European science and literature.

केन्द्रीय सशस्त्र पुलिस बल (सहायक कमांडेंट) के लिये स्टडी किट

Study Kit for Central Armed Police Forces(AC)

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