CAPF-AC (Assistant Commandant) Exam Study Material :
Indian Polity- Amendment of Constitution
Amendment of Constitution
Part XX of the Constitution of India deals with the Amendment
of the Constitution. The Article 368 specifies the power of Parliament to amend
the constitution and the procedure of it. It is also mentioned in the Article
that there will be no limitation on the constituent power of the Parliament for
amending it by adding, removing or improving the provisions made in it. The
method of an amendment to the Constitution is considered to be a highly
complicated procedure. Amendment can be made by various methods, which have been
modeled based on the South African Constitution. Since the enactment of the
Constitution of India on 26 November 1949, there have been 94 amendments made to
it till 2006. Number of Bills are introduced before Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
for further improving the Constitution.
By simple majority of the Parliament: Amendments in this
category can be made by a simple majority of members present and voting,
before sending them for the President’s assent.
By special majority of the Parliament: Amendments can be made in
this category by a two-thirds majority of the total number of members present
and voting, which should not be less than half of the total membership of the
By special majority of the Parliament and ratification by at
least half of the state legislatures by special majority. After this, it is sent
to the President for his assent.