(Online Cours) CAPF Assistant Commandant: Indian Polity - Emergency Provisions

Online Course for Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) Exam (Assistant Commandant)

Indian Polity

Emergency Provisions

The term ‘Emergency’ may be defined as “a difficult situation arising suddenly and demanding immediate action by public authorities under powers specially granted to them by the Constitution or otherwise to meet such exigencies”.

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Types of Emergency

Broadly, the Emergency provisions of the Constitution envisage two kinds of emergencies, viz.

  • A National Emergency under article 352 due to threat of war, external aggression or armed rebellion and
  • Financial Emergency under article 360.

The third kind of situation, that is, the one under article 356 arising from a failure of the constitutional machinery in any particular State and necessitating President’s rule.

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