Online Course for Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) Exam
Public Service Commission
The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is a
Constitutional body in India authorized to conduct examinations for appointment
to the various civil services of the Union. The Indian Constitution (Part XIV –
Services Under the Union and the States – Article no. 315 to 323) provides for a
Public Service Commission for the union and a Public Service Commission for each
State. The first Public Service Commission was set up on October 1st, 1926 by
the then British Indian Government in response to the demands of Indian
politicians that the superior Civil Services be Indianzied. The British Indian
government then set up a Federal Public Service Commission and provided for the
formation of provincial level Public Service Commissions under the Government of
India Act 1935.
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(Assistant Commandant) Study Kit. For Details
The Chairman and other members of the UPSC (Union Public
Service Commission) are appointed by the President of India. At least half
of the members of the Commission are Civil Servants (working or retired)
with minimum ten years of experience either in central or State service.
Every member holds office for a term of six years or until he
attains the age of sixty-five years, whichever is earlier.
He can submit his resignation at any time to the President of
India. He may be removed from his office by the President of India on the ground
of misbehavior or if he is adjudged insolvent, or engages during his term of
office in any paid employment outside the duties of his office, or in the
opinion of the President unfit to continue in office by reason of infirmity of
mind of body.
Under Art. 315 the Constitution of India provides for the
Union Public Service Commission and also provides for a State Public Service
Commission for each State and a Joint Public Service Commission for two or more
The State Public Service Commission is created like UPSC,
directly by the Constitution, a Joint Public Service Commission can be created
by an act of Parliament on the request of the legislature.