(Online Cours) CAPF Assistant Commandant: Indian Polity - Public Service Commission

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Indian Polity

Public Service Commission

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is a Constitutional body in India authorized to conduct examinations for appointment to the various civil services of the Union. The Indian Constitution (Part XIV – Services Under the Union and the States – Article no. 315 to 323) provides for a Public Service Commission for the union and a Public Service Commission for each State. The first Public Service Commission was set up on October 1st, 1926 by the then British Indian Government in response to the demands of Indian politicians that the superior Civil Services be Indianzied. The British Indian government then set up a Federal Public Service Commission and provided for the formation of provincial level Public Service Commissions under the Government of India Act 1935.

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  • The Chairman and other members of the UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) are appointed by the President of India. At least half of the members of the Commission are Civil Servants (working or retired) with minimum ten years of experience either in central or State service.

  • Every member holds office for a term of six years or until he attains the age of sixty-five years, whichever is earlier.

  • He can submit his resignation at any time to the President of India. He may be removed from his office by the President of India on the ground of misbehavior or if he is adjudged insolvent, or engages during his term of office in any paid employment outside the duties of his office, or in the opinion of the President unfit to continue in office by reason of infirmity of mind of body.

  • Under Art. 315 the Constitution of India provides for the Union Public Service Commission and also provides for a State Public Service Commission for each State and a Joint Public Service Commission for two or more States.

  • The State Public Service Commission is created like UPSC, directly by the Constitution, a Joint Public Service Commission can be created by an act of Parliament on the request of the legislature.

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