CAPF-AC (Assistant Commandant) Exam Study Material :
Indian Polity- State Executive
The Constitution of India has provided for parliamentary
system of Government in which the executive head at the Centre is the President.
Likewise, at the State level there is a provision for an institution of the
Governor, who enjoy the same status as the President at the Centre. The Governor
is appointed by the President and his tenure is of five years. As a matter of
convention, the Chief Minister is consulted before the appointment of Governor
for a particular State whose domicile is also of another State - another
convention. The Governor must have the basic qualifications of being an Indian
citizen and over the age of 35 years. The Governor enjoys protection against
legal proceedings in the court of law as provided under Article 361. He is not
answerable to the Court of Law for the exercise and performance of powers and
duties of his office or for any act done or purporting to be done in the
exercise or performance of his powers and duties. The Governor shall also not to
be the member of the legislature either the Centre or at the State. If a member
of a legislature is appointed as Governor, he shall be deemed to have vacated
his seat in the legislature on the date of assumption of his office as Governor.
The Governor also does not hold any office of profit. The Governor can resign
and can be removed from his office by the President before the expiry of the
term and there are many examples in our country when large number of Governors
have been called back after the change of party in power at the Centre.