India's INDCs : Environment for UPSC Exams

India's INDCs : Environment for UPSC Exams

  • Conference of Parties (COP) of United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) at 19th Session held in Warsaw in November 2013 invited all Parties to initiate domestic preparations for their INDC.

  • The concept of ‘Nationally Determined Contributions’, taking into account the outcomes of both Warsaw COP 19 and Lima COP 20 has to (i) reflect the principles of equity and  Common But Differentiated Responsibilities (CBDR) and (ii) the Country’s contributions must be seen in a balanced and comprehensive context.

  • Accordingly, India has developed a comprehensive and balanced set of actions for its INDCs for the period of 2021-2030 to comprehensively address mitigation as well as adaptation components. These include:

    • Reducing carbon intensity of its GDP by 33 to 35 percent from 2005 levels by 2030

    • Increasing the share of non-fossil fuel based electricity to 40% by 2030

    • Accelerating aforestation efforts to create additional carbon sinks of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent

    • Making concerted efforts toward adapting to climate change by enhancing investments in development programmes in various vulnerable sectors, including agriculture, water resources, forestry, health and disaster management

    • Building capacities while adopting and deploying new energy efficient technology, and other technologies to reduce carbon emissions

    • Mobilise resources to execute our plans for combatting climate change across sectors

    • Adopt and promote low carbon-intensive lifestyles on a mass scale through sustainable living based on traditions and values of conservation and moderation

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