Polluter Pays Principle : Environment for UPSC Exams

Polluter Pays Principle : Environment for UPSC Exams

  • The 'polluter pays' principle is the commonly accepted practice that those who produce pollution should bear the costs of managing it to prevent damage to human health or the environment.

  • For instance, a factory that produces a potentially poisonous substance as a byproduct of its activities is usually held responsible for its safe disposal

  • It is regarded as a regional custom because of the strong support it has received in most Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and European Community (EC) countries

  • The Polluter Pays principle was propounded in the OECD Guiding Principles Concerning International Economic Aspects of Environmental Policies, 1972.

  • India has time and again vouched for the implementation of ‘Polluter Pays’ principle on international carbon emissions.

  • Further, Ex-Chief Justice of India Thakur had said that an international framework should be evolved to apply the polluter pays principle to advanced economies like the U.S.

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