Ethics: Glossary


Ethics: Glossary


The nature of the Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude paper is such that it contains many philosophical and theoretical terms, which might appear new to an aspirant. Thus, with an intention to acquaint the candidates with the various terminologies of the Ethics paper, UPSCPORTAL presents a Glossary for the Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude.

The page will be regularly updated to includes terms related to the ethics paper.

We hope that the candidates would be benefitted by this initiative.

Please feel free to contact our team for more support and assistance on the topics.

Term

Description/Meaning

Agnostic

One who believe that nothing can be known about God/religion. Such a person claims neither faith nor disbelief in God.

Authoritarian

a strict adherence to the authority, even at the expense of personal freedom.

Autonomy

the ability to  think and act freely , without any external compulsion.

Deduction

The art of ruling out the incorrect options and arriving at the right choice. This method moves from the ‘General to Particular’

Discipline

Subject

Empathetic

characterized by empathy, that is, a sensitive attitude to others’ feeling.

Etymologically

It means the study about the history and origin of the word. It studies about the evolution of the word.

Existentialism

A philosophical idea that views the individual as a free and responsible agent determining his own development through the acts of his will.

Foundational Base

a principle that is the main source of other ideas. also known as the First Idea/Principle.

Hedonism

concerning about pleasure and pain only

Indoctrination

process of inculcating of a set of particular ideas, attitudes, and behavior, while not considering any other ideas or perspective.

Legitimately

according to the law and customs of the society.

Materialism

A tendency to think only about the material aspects of life. Pursuing only the material gains.

Moral Codes

The ideas defining what is good and bad, set for a particular society

Normative

Value-based

Objective

based on impersonal ideas, and not influenced by personal feelings. Objective ideas are generally seen as universal.

Pathological

deviant or contrary to the generally acceptable view and norms

Reciprocity

The principle of give-and-take. Human behavior is often based on what is experienced. Thus, good experiences evoke good responses, while bad experiences evoke bad responses.

Subjectivists

it is a philosophical idea that believes in the validity of the self experience only. It views the world according to the individual’s perspective

‘svabhava’

one’s true self/nature, which can be realized through self-realization.

Transcendental

something related to the spiritual or non-physical realm, like soul, spirit, God

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