(IGP) Special Current Affairs Material for IAS (Pre) 2013
Chapter: Gist of Press Information
Topic: E -Panchayat- An Innovative Way
For Enhanced Working
Q. Article 243G?
Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) as units of local self
government, are the constitutionally mandated third tier of governance and as
per Article 243G of Indian Constitution are required to perform the following
functions: Preparation of plans for economic development and social justice;
Implementation of schemes for economic development and social justice as may be
entrusted to them including those in relation to the matters listed in the
In addition to this the Panchayats are also required to Levy, collect and
appropriate taxes, duties, rolls and fees Manage the grants-in-aid received from
Centre and State Governments.
Q. How Panchayats play crucial role in implementation/ how they act as nodal
The Panchayats are the nodal points for delivery of crucial
social sector schemes such as Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee
Scheme (MNREGS), Sarva Siksha Abhiyan (SSA), Backward Region Grant Fund (BRGF),
Mid Day Meal (MDM), Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS) etc.
Q. Which are the 12 common applications have been developed for
12 Core Common Application addressing all aspects of Panchayats’
- Unique Code: Unique Code to Panchayats would provide nationwide,
standardized unique codes to all the Panchayats in the country. All the
events related to delimitation of Panchayats will also be captured. This
directory will be the underlying thread linking all applications of
- Panchayat Portals: Panchayat Portals would generate a web site
for each Panchayat in the country would integrate with other software
applications for Panchayats to act as a single delivery gateway using single
- Panchayat Profiler: Panchayat Profiler would help maintain
details relating to Socio-economic Information Socio- demographic
Information Public Infrastructure and Services Geopolitical Information of
Planning & Budgeting: This software would help the
preparation of District plans (bottom up) starting from grass roots level
Converge the funds from different programmes/schemes to ensure effective
utilization of funds Identify fund inflows & Outflows Sources of funding The
output of this software would be Panchayat- wise Perspective Plan, Draft
Plan, Action Plan and head wise estimates of the budget
Accounting: This software would capture the
details of receipts and expenditure by PRIs under various account heads and
schemes The software will automatically generate the cash book, various
registers prescribed by central or state government and Utilization
Certificate for various schemes based on the expenditure incurred by the
- Scheme Implementation & Monitoring: T hi s would a l lo w ea c h
Panchayat t o enter the implementation status of each scheme being
implemented on the basis of monitoring parameters defined for the scheme.
The schemes may be Central Government Schemes (CSS, ACAs), state government
schemes and Panchayat level schemes, if any.
- Social Audit: This software will capture all events and details
relating to social audit conducted by Gram Sabha from time to time, the
action taken report etc.
- Unique Codes to Assets & Utilities: This application will help
maintain information relating to the assets & utilities created and
maintained by Panchayats. This would evolve into an on-line Panchayat
Assets/ Utilities directory.
- Citizen-Centric Services: This will be a generic Citizen Service
delivery module to capture all events and information related to delivery of
services to citizens by Panchayats.
- Grievance Redressal: This will be a generic grievance redressal
system wherein the citizen will be able to lodge his/her grievance against
any employee of a Panchayat or the functioning of the three tiers of
Panchayats and their redressal.
Basic GIS Applications: This software would
display the maps of Panchayats and integrate with other applications for
Panchayats such as Panchayat Profiler, Planning & Budgeting, Asset Directory
etc. so that a spatial view of the profile/plan of a Panchayat can be
obtained by overlaying various non-spatial data.
Capacity Building and Training Management: This
would be a portal wherein all information relating to trainings such as
schedule, material etc. will be available. Also, the officials who want
training on specific topics will be able to register their demand. The
portal would also help the training agencies to register themselves as