The 10 year long programme of 45,000 crore rupees named
Green India Mission to increase the country’s green cover. GIM after a
preparatory phase of one year will get going from 2012.
The target is to bring 5 million hectares of forest and
non- forest land under green cover and improve the quality of green cover on
another 5 million hectare of non-forest land.
There will be a fundamental shift in mindset from the
traditional focus of merely increasing the quantity of forest cover, towards
increasing the quality of forest cover and improving provision of ecosystem
Unlike the earlier initiative, the GIM will be
implemented by Gram Sabhas with the technical and managerial support of the
forest personnel. Now money will directly go to the Gram Sabhas and not
through forest departments of State Governments.
There will be real time monitoring of forests under this
program instead of just expenditure monitoring. The Indian Space Research
Organisation, ISRO will soon launches series of satellites especially
dedicated to monitoring the forest cover. Th e satellites will revolutionise
the monitoring system and help make sensible conclusions about work and
progress of forestry programs.
Its important aspect is to eliminate poverty. It will
address livelihood problems of about 15 million poor people. It will also
ensure implementation of the Forests Rights Act. Besides, under it, the
community youth will be trained to maintain and take forward the fruits of
investment in this mission.