(IGP) Special Current Affairs Material for IAS (Pre) 2013
Chapter: Gist of Press Information
Topic: Green India Mission – A Way To
Q. What is Green India Mission?
The National Mission for a Green India is one of the eight
Missions under the National Action Plan on Climate Change.
The Green India Mission recognizes that climate change
phenomena will seriously affect and alter the distribution, type and quality of
natural resources of the country and the associated livelihoods of the people.
GIM acknowledges the influences that the forestry sector has
on environmental amelioration though climate mitigation, food security, water
security, biodiversity conservation and livelihood security of forest dependent
Q. What is the specialty of GIM?
The Key Innovations are the focus on quality of forests,
ecosystem services, democratic decentralization, creating a new cadre of
Community Youth as Foresters, Adoption of Landscape-based Approach and
Reform Agenda as conditionality.
Total Mission Cost is Rs 46,000 crore for a period of 10
years covering both Centre and States.GIM puts the “greening” in the context
of climate change adaptation and mitigation, meant to enhance ecosystem
services like carbon sequestration and storage (in forests and other
ecosystems), hydrological services and biodiversity; along with provisioning
services like fuel, fodder, small timber and NTFPs.
The primary focus will be on improving density of forest
cover, emphasizing on biodiversity, water and improved biomass, Carbon
sequestration as co-benefit and addressing ecosystems like grasslands,
wetlands, urban and peri-urban.
Gram Sabha will be treated as overarching institution to
facilitate implementation of the Mission activities at village level, nested
as Polycentric Approach.
A new cadre of community youth as foresters will build a
skilled cadre of young “community foresters” from scheduled tribes and other
forest dwelling communities.
Interventions at scale (5000-6000 hectares) at a time,
simultaneous treatment of forest and non forest areas and key drivers of
degradation will be addressed under Adoption of Landscape-based Approach.
Q. What are the objectives of GIM?
It plans to Increase forest/tree cover on 5 m ha of forest/non-forest lands and
improved quality of forest cover on another 5 m ha (a total of 10 m ha), improve
ecosystem services including biodiversity, hydrological services and carbon
sequestration as a result of treatment of 10 m ha, increase forest-based
livelihood income for 3 million forest dependent households and enhance annual
CO2 sequestration of 50-60 million tonnes by the year 2020.
Q. What is the organizational set up of GIM?
The Mission will implement its strategy through a set of
5 Sub-Missions and cross-cutting interventions at National level, an
autonomous society under MEF with an inclusive governing council, the
mission to develop systems for highest degree of accountability will work.
At State and District Levels, State Forest Development
Agency (SFDA) and District FDA linked to District Planning Committee will be
Gram Sabha and its Committees will work at village
Institutions level and in Urban Areas, Ward level Committees /RWAs with
support from Municipal organizations and the Forest Departments.
Monitoring will be done at 4 levels, namely self
Monitoring by community and field staff, Remote Sensing and GIS, third party
monitoring by key indicators .The actual implementation period of the
Mission would spread over 10 years, coinciding with the 12th and 13th five
year plan period.