(IGP) Special Current Affairs Material for IAS (Pre) 2013
Chapter: Gist of Press Information
Topic: Indian Education: Looking Ahead
Q. Why education in India is very important factor of
If we fail to provide our youth with the requisite education
and skills we will not only fail to utilize our demographic advantage but we
will end up alienating large sections of our young population as well. This has
made it imperative for us to expand our education base so as to be able to
provide quality, affordable and merit-based education for the entire young
Q. What the core issues can be looked in providing
Three principles can be looked in providing education; these
three principles are:
First, Access: Providing access to educational
opportunities to all who desire and need it;
Second, Affordability: Making education a reality by
reducing financial barriers; and
Third, Building quality and accountability: That we are
teaching what is relevant and at global levels and delivering good value for
Presently the Gross Enrolment Ratio in higher education is a
mere 15% we seek to enhance it to 30% by the end of 2020, in real terms it would
mean tripling of the enrollment from around 13 million to 40 million. At the
secondary school level around 40 million students enroll in 9th to 12th standard
every year, if only 10% were to enroll for vocational educational, that is 4
million as against the present 1 million seats this will mean a mammoth
expansion of vocational education.
The Right to Free & Compulsory Education Act (RTE Act) that
has come into effect from 2010 is aimed to ensure that these out of school
children get the right to education.
Q. What is the aim of Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan
Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) programme has been
launched for the purpose of the Gross Enrollment Ratio (GER) of secondary
education from around 50% presently to over 75% by the end of the decade.
Q. What is National Vocational Qualification Framework?
National Vocational Qualification Framework is meant to
meet the needs and aspirations of the students presently unable to pursue
higher education. This framework would set common principles and guidelines
for a nationally recognized qualification system, covering schools,
vocational education institutes and institutes of higher education with
qualifications ranging from secondary to doctorate level, leading to
international recognition of national standards.
The framework will be a competency based modular approach
with provision for credit accumulation and transfer. Students would have the
scope for vertical and horizontal mobility with multiple entry and exits. This
would be especially useful to promote the creative genius of every child
including children with special needs. Sector Skill Councils and Industry would
collaborate in the development of quality standards, competencies, model
curricula, assessment standards and testing procedures. Linkage between
education providers and employers would be ensured.
Q. What actions have been taken to address higher education issue?
In regard to higher education, several steps have been taken to address the
expansion, by setting up:
16 new Central universities in the various States, 8new
IITs in Bihar, Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan, Orissa, Gujarat, Punjab, Himachal
Pradesh, and Madhya Pradesh.
7 new IIMs.
Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISERs)
at Pune, Kolkata, Mohali, Bhopal and Thiruvananthapuram
10 new NITs at Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Meghalaya,
Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Goa, Delhi, Uttarakhand and Puducherry
20 new Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs)
up on a Public Private Partnership (PPP) basis , and
374 Model Degree Colleges, one each in identified
educationally Backward Districts where
Q. National Mission on Education through ICT?
With the view to facilitate teaching resource sharing and
providing access to open educational resources, the National Mission on
Education through ICT to link twenty thousand of degree colleges and ten
thousand departments within universities have been set up. The private sector is
also contributing in this effort.