(IGP) Special Current Affairs Material for IAS (Pre) 2013
Chapter: Gist of Press Information
Q. What is the objective of MGNREGA?
The objective of the Act is to enhance the livelihood
security of people in rural areas by guaranteeing 100 days of wage-employment in
a financial year to a rural household whose adult members volunteer to do
unskilled manual work.
These works include water conservation, drought proofing,
irrigation, land development, rejuvenation of traditional water bodies, flood
control and drainage work, rural connectivity and work on the land of SC/ST/BPL/IAY
beneficiaries/land reform beneficiaries/ individual small and marginal farmers.
Q. What are the new initiatives taken in respect of MGNREGA?
- The new wage rates which come in to effect from January 1, 2011 are
higher than the prevailing wage rates under MGNREGA at present in many
- Wage disbursement to Mahatma Gandhi NREGA workers through Banks/Post
Office accounts has been made mandatory. Around 9.38 bank/post office
accounts have been opened so far.
- On line Monitoring: Job cards, muster rolls, wage payments, number of
days of employment provided and works under execution have been put up on
the website www.nrega.nic.in for monitoring and easy public access for
- District Level Ombudsman: Set up to receive complaints from Mahatma
Gandhi NREGA workers and others on any matters, consider such complaints and
facilitate their disposal in accordance with law.
Social Audits made mandatory: Gram Panchayats have been
asked to organize Social Audits once in every six months. Reports on Social
Audits uploaded on the MGNREGA website. 73 % Gram Panchayats have reported
to have undertaken Social Audits in 2010-11 so far.
- National Level Monitors (NLMs) Visit: 37 National level Monitor were
deputed in 37 districts in 15 state s for special monitoring of the program.
Eminent Citizen Monitor s: 61Eminent Citizens have been
identified so far as per the Guidelines of the Scheme for independent
monitoring. It is proposed to set up a group of 100 Eminent Citizen Monitors
to Report on the progress of the scheme.
- Vigilance and Monitoring committees (V&MCs) at State and District level
have been re- constituted for effective monitoring of the implementation of
- National Helpline for receipt of complaints: Toll free National Helpline
1800110707 has been set up for the protection of workers entitlements and
rights under the Act.
Partnership with Unique Identification Development
Authority of India (UIDA): Mahatma Gandhi NREGA is collaborating with UIDA.
By creating a unique identity of the individual the process would eliminate
duplicate job cards, ghost beneficiaries while facilitating easy bank
account opening, tracking the mobility of beneficiaries and ensuring a
better m o n it or in g o f t h e system .
Construction o f B h a rat Nirman Rajiv Gandhi Sewa
Kendra: Use of administrative head of 6% under the Scheme has been permitted
for provision of latest ICT facilities in Gram Panchayats (BNRGSK) within
the permissible norms of the State Government subject to due procedures.
Enlarging the scope of works permitted: Works related to
provision of irrigation facility, horticulture plantation and land
development facilities on the private land owned by SCs and STs or below
poverty line families (BPL) has been permitted under the Act. Gram
Panchayats while approving work plans have been asked to ensure that works
on lands of SC / ST and BPL receive first priority.