12.04 million (7.87 %) Urban households do not have
access to latrines and defecate in the open. 5.48 million (8.13%) Urban
households use community ones and 13.4 million households (19.49%) use
12.47 million (18.5%) households do not have access to a
drainage network and 26.83 million (39.8%) households are connected to open
The status in respect of the urban poor is even worse.
The percentage of notified and non-notified slums without latrines is 17
percent and 51 percent respectively. In respect of septic latrines the
availability is 66 percent and 35 percent. In respect of underground
sewerage, the availability is 30 percent and 15 percent respectively.
More than 37% of the total human excreta generated in
urban India, is unsafely disposed. This imposes significant public health
and environmental costs to urban areas that contribute more than 60% of the
country’s GDP. Impacts of poor sanitation are especially significant for the
urban poor (22% of total urban population), women, children and the elderly.
The loss due to diseases caused by poor sanitation for
children under 14 years alone in urban areas amounts to Rs. 500 crore at
2001 prices (Planning Commission-United Nations International Children
Emergency Fund (UNICEF), 2006).
Inadequate discharge of untreated domestic/municipal
wastewater has resulted in contamination of 75 percent of all surface water
The initiatives under the NUSP are as under:
Rating of Cities: The rating of Cities covers all Class I
cities of the country which account for 7 2% of the urban population. The
rating was carried out using a methodology which focussed on output, process
and outcome indicators and was conducted in consultation with the cities.
The purpose of the rating was to create awareness
regarding the critical state of sanitation in the country with a view to
mobilising action. Cities were classified under four colour categories i.e.
Red, Black, Blue and Green.
The rating of cities creates a baseline which can be used
to measure progress in respect of sanitation in our cities. Based on the
results of the rating, the best performers will be recognized with a
National Award- “The Nirman Shahar Puruskar”.
State Sanitation Strategies and City Sanitation Plans:
The NUSP requires each state to formulate its own State Urban Sanitation
Strategy to achieve the policy goals set out in the NUSP taking into account
its local urban context. So far, 24 States are engaged in the preparation of
State Sanitation Strategies. Cities will operationalise the state strategy
by preparing and implementing City Sanitation Plans. The City Sanitation
Plan’s main purpose is to support local bodies, NGOs, CBOs, Citizens to take
concrete steps to achieve 100% sanitation in their cities.
Awareness Generation: An awareness generation campaign
was launched with the broadcast of audio spots and jingles on Radio/ FM
channels with a view to sensitizing citizens regarding the importance of
sanitation, negative impacts on health and the environment due to lack of
sanitation and most importantly the need to eliminate open defecation. The
jingles have been developed in twelve languages.
National School Sanitation Initiative: A one day event on
launch of National School Initiative was organized by the Ministry of Urban
Development & Ministry of Human Resource Development to sensitize younger
children on the issue of sanitation, ecologically important issues such as
energy efficiency, conservation of natural resources, segregation of waste
etc. Mr. Aamir Khan, noted Film star participated in the event as Brand
Ambassador for School Sanitation to spearhead the efforts towards awareness
generation for better sanitation.