The Ministry is initiating a number of programmes and schemes
for technology development of the sector. It has recently introduced 10
innovative schemes under the National Manufacturing Competitiveness Programmes (NMCP)
covering entire gamut of manufacturing in the sector aim to develop global
competitiveness among Indian MSMEs.
Lean Manufacturing Competitiveness Scheme: The Lean
Manufacturing Competitiveness scheme, launched in 2009, aims to reduce
manufacturing waste, thereby, increasing competitiveness and productivity of
the MSMEs. Under Lean Manufacturing, simple techniques are applied which
identify and eliminate waste and streamline the manufacturing system. The
scheme is implemented under the Public Private Partnership mode. Initially,
the lean manufacturing techniques have been introduced in 100 mini clusters
on a pilot basis. It is expected that 1000 MSME units will be benefited for
the pilot. Over 70 Special Purpose Vehicles have been formed by MSME units
in various industry clusters and 42 Lean Consultants have been selected as
part of the scheme implementation.
The Design Clinic Scheme: The Design Clinic Scheme brings
design experts in MSMEs on a common platform to enable the MSMEs to access
expert advice and cost effective solutions for their real- time design
problems. The scheme introduced in the year 2010 comprises of two major
parts -Design Awareness and Design Project Funding. The Design Awareness
stage comprises various activities like seminars, workshops and diagnostic
studies of the clusters. In Design Project Funding, projects of students,
consultants/designers and consulting organizations are assisted by providing
60% of the project cost by way of Government grant. The scheme will
initially be implemented in 200 MSME clusters.
Marketing Assistance and Technology: The broad activities
under the scheme include technology upgradation in packaging, development of
modern marketing techniques, competition studies, State/ district
exhibition, corporate governance practices, marketing hubs, etc. Under the
scheme introduced last year, ten product groups have been identified for
studies on packaging. Further over 140 units have been identified for
participation in industry fairs and exhibitions.
Technology and Quality Upgradation: The major activities
planned under the scheme include capacity building of MSME clusters for
Energy Efficiency/Clean Development Interventions, Implementation of Energy
Efficient Technologies in MSME sector, setting up of Carbon Credit
Aggregation Centres and encouraging MSMEs to acquire Product Certification
Licenses from National / International Bodies. Under the scheme introduced
in 2010, twenty clusters have been identified for intervention.
Promotion of ICT: The activities planned under the scheme
includes identifying target clusters for ICT intervention, setting up of
E-readiness infrastructure, developing web portals for clusters, skill
development of MSME staff in ICT application, preparation of local software
solution for MSMEs, construction of e-catalogue, e-commerce etc. and
networking MSME cluster portal on the National level Portals in order to
outreach MSMEs into global markets. The Scheme launched this year will
initially be implemented in 100 clusters.
Tooling and Training Centres: The objective of the scheme
is to develop more tool room facilities i.e. technological support to MSMEs,
by creating capacities in the private sector for designing and manufacturing
quality tools and also to provide training facilities in the related areas.
The scheme will be implemented in three models in order of preference, viz.
Private Partner i.e. an individual, firm, company, association, NGO or
society (Central PPP Model), SPVs set up by the States in partnership with
private partners (State PPP Model) and State Government or State Agencies
other than NGOs (Centre- State model).
Improving Quality in Products: The Enabling manufacturing
sector to be competitive through Quality Management Standards (QMS) and
Quality Technology Tools (QTT) was launched in2009 in order to improve
quality in productivity in the MSE sector. The scheme is aimed at improving
the quality of products in the MSE sector and inculcates the quality
consciousness in this sector. The major activities under this scheme are (i)
introduction of appropriate modules for technical institutions (ITI
s/Polytechnics) (ii) organizing awareness campaigns for MSEs, (iii)
organizing competition Watch (C-Watch), (iv) implementation of Quality
Management Standards and Quality Technology Tools in selected MSEs, (v)
monitoring International Study Missions and (vi) Impact Studies of the
Awareness on IPR: The Building Awareness on Intellectual
Property Rights (IPR) scheme has been launched to enable Indian MSMEs to
attain global leadership position and to empower them in using effectively
the tools of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) of innovative projects.
Bar Code Certification: The Marketing Assistance/ Support
to MSEs scheme aims to popularise the Bar Code registration and motivate the
Small and Micro-manufacturing Enterprises to adopt the Bar Code
Certification on large scale and to sell their value added products
worldwide and enable higher export price realization. It also helps in
domestic marketing (wholesale & retail). 75% of annual fee (recurring) of
Bar Code certification for the first three years are reimbursed to Micro &
Small Entrepreneurs, under the Scheme. About 101 MSMEs have been benefited
Nurturing Innovative Business Ideas: The Support for
Entrepreneurial and Managerial Development of MSMEs through Incubators
scheme aims at nurturing innovative business ideas (new/ ingenious
technology, process, products, procedures, etc) which could be
commercialized in a year. Under this component various institutions like
Engineering Colleges, Management Institutions, Research Laboratories, etc
are provided funds up to Rs. 6.25 lakh for hand holding each new idea /
entrepreneurs. The Incubators provide technology/guidance, workshop and
laboratory support and linkage to other agencies for successful launching of
the Business and guide the entrepreneur in establishing the enterprise.
Under the scheme, 76 Business Incubators have been set up and 190 ideas
approved so far.
Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP)’ a
national level credit linked subsidy scheme was introduced in August 2008. Under
this programme, financial assistance is provided for setting up of
microenterprises each costing upto Rs.10 lakh in service sector and Rs.25 lakh
in manufacturing sector. The assistance is provided in the form of subsidy upto
25 per cent (35 per cent for Special category including weaker sections) of the
project cost in rural areas while it is 15 per cent (25 per cent for Special
category including weaker sections) for urban areas. PMEGP is implemented by
Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) as a nodal agency.