(IGP) Special Current Affairs Material for IAS (Pre) 2013
Chapter: Gist of Press Information
Topic: Organic Farming in India
Q. What do you mean by Organic farming?
It is normally defined as a system of farming without use of
chemical inputs (fertilizers/insecticides etc.) and is primarily based on
principal of use of natural on farm organic inputs (like farm yard manure, green
manure, oil cakes, press mud etc.) and also natural biological pest control and
plant protection measures to promote agro-economic system and soil biological
Q. Which projects/ mission are involved in promoting Organic
Organic farming is being promoted under National Project on
Organic Farming (NPOF), National Horticulture Mission (NHM) and Rashtriya Krishi
Vikas Yojana (RKVY).
Main components under Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY)
and National Horticulture Mission (NHM) to assist organic farming are financial
assistance to States for adoption and certification and financial assistance to
States for vermin-compost production.
Q. What is the growth picture of Organic Farming?
Organic farming in India started receiving focused
attention from 2004-05 when National Project on Organic Farming (NPOF) was
launched. In 2004-05, area under organic farming was 42,000 hectares.
By March 2010 area under farming had increased to 1.08
million hectares. In addition, 3.40 million hectares is wild forest harvest
collection area. Thus total area under organic certification process by
March, 2010 was 4.48 million hectares which is 25 fold increase in last 6
years. In cultivated organic land 7.56 lakh hectares is certified while 3.2
la k h hectare is under conversion.
The States doing well in organic farming are Madhya
Pradesh (4.40lakh hectares), Maharashtra (1.50 lakh hectares) and Orissa
(95,000 hectares), having largest area under organic.
Among crops cotton is the single largest crop accounting
for nearly 40 percent of total area followed by rice, pulses, oilseeds and
spices. India is the largest organic cotton grower in world, and accounts
for 50 percent share of total world organic cotton production.
Nine States have drafted organic farming policies. Out of
these, four States viz; Uttarakhand, Nagaland, Sikkim and Mizoram have
declared their intention to go 100 percent organic. Sikkim has already
converted nearly 40 percent of its total cultivated area under organic and
has set target to convert entire State to organic by 2015. Other States have
also defined schemes to promote organic farming.