(IGP) Special Current Affairs Material for IAS (Pre) 2013
Chapter: Gist of Press Information
Topic: Science & Technology in Pursuit
of Excellence & Social Development
Q. When DST was established?
Advancing science and technology and scientific knowledge is
one of our loftiest pursuits. Established in May, 1971, the Department of
Science & Technology (DST) bears the primary mandate to strengthen the
foundation of science and technology (S&T) and research and development (R&D) in
Q. What is SERC and what are its roles and achievements?
Science and Engineering Research Council (SERC) is its
flagship agency of DST. Science and Engineering Research Council (SERC) has
enhanced the Indian capability and global visibility in research. It has created
and nurtured competency in frontier areas of global standards especially like
Plasma Physics; Structural Biology; Neuroscience, Organic Synthesis; Robotics &
Manufacturing, Biomedical Engineering and so on.
SERC has emerged as a national model for a transparent &
rigorous peer review mechanism. Under the SERC/PAC mechanism a total of
about 530 new projects and support continued for about 1250 ongoing
SERC supported research lead to about 1200 papers
The R&D promotion is further intensified through
innovative programmes such as Intensification of Research in High Priority
Areas (IRHPA), Fund for Improvement of S&T Infrastructure in Universities
and Higher Educational Institutions (FIST), FAST Track Young Scientist’s R&D
programme and prestigious Fellowships bearing names of great Indian
scientists like J.C Bose, Ramanujan, Ramanna, etc.
Q. What are the roles of Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB)?
The Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB)
functions as an autonomous body for funding research and partner’s DST in
the development as well as promotional roles.
Mega Facilities For Basic Research are supported for
internationally important high value projects, at the moment including
continued participation in the CMS, ALICE and LHC GRID projects at CERN
Geneva, Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) in Germany,
India-based Neutrino Observatory, International Linear Collider Project,
building a Beam Line at the Elletra Synchrotron Radiation Source in Italy,
and building a Large Optical Telescope. Participation in Giant Segmented
Mirror Telescope (GSM T) project is also envisaged.
Q. What are the objectives of Technology Development Programme (TDP)?
The Technology Development Programme (TDP), redesigned for implementation of
convergent technology solutions to socially significant problems, aims at
priorities like water security, solar energy and alternate fuels. Network
initiatives, rather than individual demonstration of technology elements, have
now been mounted.
Q. What are the achievements of Technology Development
Some of the major achievements include: Development o f Human
Pulse Detection and Analysis System for diagnosis by Ayurvedic Way ; Development
of a Fluorescence based biosensor for detection of iron; Development of Near
Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) based online instrument for quality assessment in
Edible Oil Industry; Development of a continuous feed equipment for extraction
of Aloe Vera Gel, and Real time evaluation of X-ray imaging based mango sorting
system, Electrically enhanced Transdermal Drug Delivery System, and Development
of Automatic Remote Accessible Rain-Gauge at IISc, Bangalore.