(IGP) Special Current Affairs Material for IAS (Pre) 2013
Chapter: Gist of Press Information
Topic: Women and Children Welfare
Schemes: Breaking New Frontiers
The Ministry of Women and Child Development has taken the giant and vital
steps towards launching two new schemes.
Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls (SABLA) has to address
the multidimensional issues of the adolescent girls in the age group of 11-18
years. Initially the programme will be implemented in 200 districts across the
The Rajiv Gandhi SABLA was launched on November 19, 2010. The Anganwadi centres
will be the focal point for the delivery of the services and are meant to
implement through States and UT’s with 100 per cent financial assistance from
the Government at the center. SABLA aims at empowering adolescent girls for
11-18 years by improvement in their nutritional and health status and upgrading
home skills, life skills and vocational skills.
Q. Indira Gandhi Matritva
Sahyog Yojana (IGMSY)?
Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana (IGMSY) is a
conditional Maternity scheme. Initially to be implemented in 52 districts,
the scheme aims to improve the health and nutrition status of pregnant and
lactating women. The scheme will also create opportunities for pregnant
women to associate themselves with the Anganwadis and the health centres.
The essential objectives of the scheme are to improve the
health and nutrition status of pregnant and lactating women and the infants.
Pregnant women of 19 years of age and above for first two
live births are entitled for benefits under the scheme.
The beneficiaries will be paid Rs 4000 in three
installments till the child attains the age of six months on fulfilling
specific conditions related to maternal and child health.
The scheme also makes its clear that the Anganwadi worker
and Anganwadi helper would receive an incentive of Rs 200 and Rs 100
respectively per pregnant and lactating woman after all the due cash
transfers to the beneficiary are complete.
Q. Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS)?
Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS) is the flagship programme, which was
launched in 1975 with the principal objectives to improve the nutritional and
health status of children in the age group of 0-6 years.
The scheme among other things also aims to enhance the capability of the mother
of a child to look after the normal health and nutritional needs of the child
through proper nutrition and health education.
ICDS ensures convergence between the Ministries of Women and Child Development
and Health, Sanitation and drinking water, Rural Development and the Department
of Elementary Education.
In 2009, the Government brought in a few changes in the funding pattern and
decided to introduce the concept of cost sharing ratio between the centre and
the state with effect from 1st April, 2009. It would be 90:10 basis for all the
North Eastern States and 50: 50 basis for other states. In the recent times
there has been also a significant increase in the Central Government’s spending
on the implementation of the scheme.