Online Course for Madhya Pradesh Public Service
General Studies: Art and Craft
In the heartland of India iies the State of Madhya Pradesh.
Filled with lush forests, magnificent monuments, exuberant festivity and
blissful solitude. In this land of wonderful and contrasting variety,
handicrafts lend a touch of mystique - a charm unique to Madhya Pradesh. They
radiate an aura, exhibit hereditary skills, whisper painstaking craftsmanship
and evoke an urgent desire to learn more about the land and its colourful
Dear Candidate, This Material is from Madhya Pradesh PSC Study Kit. For
A deftly woven silk or a cotton blended saree. Block printed
fabrics, stuffed leather toys or floor coverings. Folk paintings, bamboo, cane
or jute. Woodcraft, stonecraft, ironcraft. Metalcraft, terracotta, papier mache.
Zari work (gold thread embroidery), ornaments, dolls., each handcrafted product
of Madhya Pradesh is charming enough to sweep you off your feet.
Bamboo & Cane
Bamboo & Cane occupy an important place in rural life:
utility articles such as agricultural implements, fishing traps, hunting tools
and baskets are made of bamboo. In Madhya Pradesh these are generally made by a
community called Basor or Basod, who sell them in weekly markets.
Shahdol, Balaghat, Mandla and Seoni regions of Madhya Pradesh
are main bamboo producing centres. The artisans have skillfully harmonised their
age-old knowledge and techniques with new designs, to meet modern market
demands. The Gond, Baiga and Korku tribal communities are highly skilled in the
craft of bamboo.
Cute little dolls made out of small cloth pieces are produced
in Gwalior, Bhopal and Jhabua. The work of Battobai, a craftswoman from Gwalior
has achieved international fame.
The dolls made here are interesting pieces of work, influenced by different
cultures and traditions of India mirroring the diversity and unigueness of the
Floor covering Durries
The floor coverings of Madhya Pradesh consist mainly of
durries and carpets in a rich variety of designs, A durrie. essentially a thick
cotton woven fabric, is meant for spreading on the floor, and is made all over
Madhya "Pradesh, especially near Sironj.
The basic technique of weaving a durrie in its most primitive
form, can be seen in rural areas. The more universal durries are made by women
in their homes, in the 'Purija' technique. They are usually in bold patterns and
bright colours with folk designs.
Apart from Sironj, Jhabua, Jabalpur and Shahdol are leading
centres of durrie weaving in Madhya.
Cotton and wollen Punjab durries handwovinen various colors
are designed to suit traditional as. well as modernhome decor, are generally
based on kilndesigns, geometric traditional motifs & animal and human figures
Since the muga! times, Gwalior in Madhya Prudish has carved a
niche for its self in the wearing of carpets.
Later on; weaving also began in the Shahdoi & Mandla belt.
The carpet weavers of Madhya Pradesh are undisputed masters of not only weaving
carpets but dyeing also.
The colouring was earlier done by means of natural dyes, but
presently it is being done with synthetic dyes as well. Pattern is an integral
part of knotted carpets and traditional patterns have continued with varying
combinations since the last 200 years.
Wool/en carpets are available in vibrant colours with both
floral and geometric designs. The weavers have used their ingenuity to transform
traditional motifs into modern designs; drawing from the treasury of ancestral
motifs: trees and flowers in carefully blended colours.
Throughout different periods of history, we find a definite
established tradition of painting on various objects, particularly on intimate
objects of everyday use, floors and wails; and in almost every instance the
depiction being associated with some ritual.
Folk paintings of Madhya Pradesh, specially the wall
paintings of Bundelkhand, Gondwana, Nimar and Malwa are living expressions of
people, intrinsically jinked with the socle-cultural ambiance of the area. They
are not mere decorations but also spontaneous outpourings of religious
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