Online Course for Madhya Pradesh Public Service
General Studies: Human Resources
The development of any country depends upon its available
quality human resources. It is the human resource which use other natural and
artificial resources and thus the efficiency of human resources decides the
efficiency of utilization of other resources.
Population means the number of people living in a particular
place. This includes people of ail age group. Development of any particular
place is impossible if the population of that place is not known, population
census is conducted periodically. The British Government conducted the first
population census of India in 1872. After this the population census is
conducted in an interval of every 10 years. This period started from 1881. The
population census of 2001 is the 6th population census after this independence
of the state and the 13th population census in order if we consider 1881 as the
first population census year. The 2001 population census is the 5th census of
Madhya Pradesh after reorganization. The population distribution Madhya Pradesh
on this basis.of cities, village and the male-female ratio, literacy etc. are
shown in the following points.
According to the population census 2001, the population
of the state is 60348023, which constitutes to 5.87 percent of the total
population of India.
Madhya Pradesh 7th place in the country in respect to
population where as it is 2nd in area.
The population is then distributed into two groups in
villages and in cities.
Madhya Pradesh 55392 villages and 310 cities.
Total Population : 60348023 (5.87 percent of the country)
Male : 31443652 (52.10 percent)
Female : 28904371 (47.90 percent)
Rural : 26.46 percent
District with maximum population : Indore
District with minimum population : Indore
Maximum population of 3 district : Indore, Jabalpur
Minimum population of 3 district : Indore Harda
Total percent of SC& ST : 35.44 percent
Schedule Caste : 15.17 percent
Schedule Tribe : 20.27 percent
Rate of Increase of Population:
Dear Candidate, This Material is from Madhya Pradesh PSC Study Kit. For
Thereat of increase of population is 24.26 percent in
Highest district which are highest population growth-Indore
District which are lowest population growth - Balaghat (5.85
The 3 district with highest population growth - Indore,
The 3 district with lowest population growth - Balaghat,
The population density is 196 persq.km. according to
District which are highest population density-(665)
District which has lowest population density - Dinejori (78)
The 3 districts with highest population growth - Bhopal,
Indore, Jabalpur "* The 3 district withlowest population growth
Dendori, Sheopur, Pana
The birth rate measures the number of live births during a
particular year per 1000 population at mid year. India is the second country in
the world to cross the one billion population mark and the birth rate is viewed
as a basic indicator of population growth. The magnitude of this rate, which
depends on the fertility rate and also on the age structure of the population
varies considerably between the states and also shows urban and,rural
distinctions urban areas with their higher incomes profiles and better access to
education and health facilities have lower birth rates.
The death rate gives the average annual number of death
during a particular year per 1000 population at mid-year and is also known as
the crude death rate. While the death rate gives only a rough indication of the
mortality situation it accurately measures the impact of cement mortality on
population growth. While the death rate depends and complex set of factor, it
can be said that with better health facilities this rate declines overtime and
states that have not been able to provide such amenities to their population do
show higher death rates moreover urban are as. Where medical care is more widely
available have lower death rates.
Sex Ratio (Female per 1000 males)
The sex ratio measured by the number of Females per 1000
males is an indicator of gender quality in a region. Biologically a girls child
is more resistant to disease and is more likely to survive infancy than a male
child, but the sex ratio shows an adverse trend in India. A low sex ratio shows
the preference given to males.in the society as females, are quite commonly
dented the same access as males to food, nutrition healthcare and medical
support facilities. The census in 2001 noted a decline in the sex ratio in
certain states, which pointed to the growing trend of couples resorting to the
illegal female fortified an alarming indicator of a social pairs that needs
Total Fertility Rate:
The total fertility rate is the average number ofcchildren
that would be born per women, if aj women lived to the end of their child
bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age.
The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than
the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per women, and it is expected
that with economic growth and development there is a decline in fiis rate.
However, despite the decline we find that poor states with lower incomes and
development still have high rates of fertility. Which compound to the problem of
inadequate where withal for every citizen. A fertility rate of 2.1 at an all
India level is expected to stabilize the population and very few states are
close to this target.
Female Life Expectancy at Birth
Life expectancy at birth is one of the most preferred
indicators in the demographic and health analysis. It reflects the average
number of years that a new born body is expected to survive under the current
schedule of mortality. It is proxy measure for several dimensions like adequate
nutrition, good health, education and other valued achievements. The
availability of reliable estimates for smaller states and districts of India is
scanty. In general, women have higher life expectancy at birth than males and
yet in a few states this does not hold true health care and nutrition:
Male Life Expectancy at Birth
Life expectancy at birth shows the rising trends over time,
as there is better availability of health and medical facilities. Higher income
levels also reflect in better lifespans as the nutritional requirements are also
met more adequately. While all states show a rise in the life expectancy, the
pale of increase varies substantially across the state.
Head Count Ratio
Head count ratio measure the extent of poverty in a state.
The poverty line in India is measured by taking the income (separately for rural
and urban areas) necessary to buy a basic food basket the consumption of which
yields a minimum level of calories. It takes into account only the expenditure
required for food for subsistence leaving out other components of all other
goods and service housing, clothing, education and health services - needed for
a decent living. The head count ratio is computed on the basis of national
sample survey (NSS) data on consumption expenditure - people with an income
below the poverty line are poor and the proportion of the poor to the aggregat
population is the head count ratio.
Inco Distribution of House Holds Religion
The distribution of households by income profile reflects on
the income inequalities in a state while there are many income categories
possible table consider three economic classes rich middle class and poor. Rich
house holder have been characterized as those earning more than Rs. 3 lakh agear,
middle class holders are defined as those whose annual income is between Rs.
75,000 and 3 lakh year. While poor householder are those earning less than Rs.
75,000 a year states with low income levelr show larges proportion of poor
householder while there are other states where the middle class dominates:
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