IGNOU Sociology Study Notes for IAS, UPSC Exams

IGNOU Sociology Study Notes for IAS, UPSC Exams

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Content Table:- 

ESO-11 The Study of Society

Block-1 Understanding Sociology

  • Unit-1 Nature and Scope of Sociology
  • Unit-2 Basic Concepts in Sociology
  • Unit-3 Simple Societies
  • Unit-4 Complex Societies

Block-2 Groups and Institutions

  • Unit-5 Family
  • Unit-6 Marriage
  • Unit-7 Kinship

Block-3 Socialisation and Education

  • Unit-8 Nature of Socialisation
  • Unit-9 Agencies of Socialisation
  • Unit-10 Processes of Education
  • Unit-11 Educational Institutions

Block-4 Economic Processes

  • Unit-12 Economy and Technology
  • Unit-13 Production Processes
  • Unit-14 Distribution Processes
  • Unit-15 Consumption Pattern

Block-5 Political Processes

  • Unit-16 Stateless Societies
  • Unit-17 State in Traditional Societies
  • Unit-18 State in Modern Societies
  • Unit-19 State and Other Institutions

Block-6 Culture and Religion

  • Unit-20 Religious Beliefs and Practices
  • Unit-21 Culture I : Main Characteristics
  • Unit-22 Culture II : Diversity and Change
  • Unit-23 Values
  • Unit-24 Norms

Block-7 Social Structure

  • Unit-25 Concepts of Social Structure
  • Unit-26 Social Roles
  • Unit-27 Social Networks
  • Unit-28 Social Functions
  • Unit-29 Social Stratification

Block-8 Social Control, Change and Development

  • Unit-30 Social Control
  • Unit-31 Social Deviance
  • Unit-32 Social Conflict
  • Unit-33 Social Change
  • Unit-34 Social Development

ESO-12 Society in India

Block-1 Social Structure - Rural and Urban

  • Unit-1 Unity and Diversity
  • Unit-2 Rural Social Structure
  • Unit-3 Village and the Outside World
  • Unit-4 Patterns of Urbanisation
  • Unit-5 Urban Social Structure

Block-2 Family Marriage and Kinship

  • Unit-6 Family and its Types
  • Unit-7 Marriage and its Changing Patterns
  • Unit-8 Kinship-I
  • Unit-9 Kinship-II

Block-3 Economy and Polity

  • Unit-10 Rural Economy
  • Unit-11 Urban Economy
  • Unit-12 Rural and Urban Poverty
  • Unit-13 National Politics
  • Unit-14 Regional and State Polities

Block-4 Social organisation

  • Unit-15 Hindu Social Organisation
  • Unit-16 Muslim Social Organisation
  • Unit-17 Christian Social Organisation
  • Unit-18 Sikh Social Organization
  • Unit-19 Zoroastrian Social Organisation

Block-5 Caste and class

  • Unit-20 Caste Structure and Regional Patterns
  • Unit-21 Caste - Continuity and Change
  • Unit-22 The Scheduled Castes
  • Unit-23 Class in India
  • Unit-24 Backward Classes

Block-6 Tribes in India

  • Unit-25 Tribes: Social Structure - I
  • Unit-26 Tribes Social Structure-II
  • Unit-27 Religion in Tribal Societies
  • Unit-28 Tribes and Modernisation in India

Block-7 Women and society

  • Unit-29 Status of Women in India
  • Unit-30 Women’s movements in India
  • Unit-31 Women and Work
  • Unit-32 Women and Education
  • Unit-33 Contemporary Women’s Issues: Health and Legal Aspects

Block-8 Social change

  • Unit-34 Ethnic Relations and Conflicts
  • Unit-35 Social Movements
  • Unit-36 Development Planning and Change
  • Unit-37 Ecology and the Future of Society

ESO-13 Sociological Thought

Block-1 Early sociology

  • Unit-1 Emergence Of Sociology In Europe
  • Unit-2 Founding Fathers – I
  • Unit-3 Founding Fathers-II
  • Unit-4 History And Development Of Sociology In India -I
  • Unit-5 History And Development Of Sociology In India – II

Block-2 Karl Marx

  • Unit-6 Historical Materialism
  • Unit-7 Forces, Relations and Modes of Production
  • Unit-8 Class and Class Conflict
  • Unit-9 Dialectics and Social Change

Block-3 Emile Durkheim

  • Unit-10 Sociology as Science
  • Unit-11 Comparative Method
  • Unit-12 Collective Representations
  • Unit-13 Forms of Social Solidarity

Block-4 Max Weber

  • Unit-14 Ideal Types
  • Unit-15 Religion And Economy
  • Unit-16 Power And Authority
  • Unit-17 Rationality

Block-5 Comparative analysis

  • Unit-18 Methodology: Marx, Durkheim And Weber
  • Unit-19 Religion: Durkheim And Weber
  • Unit-20 Division of Labour — Durkheim And Marx
  • Unit-21 Capitalism: Weber & Marx

Block-6 Malinowski and Radcliffe-Brown

  • Unit-22 Concept of Culture and Function-Malinowski
  • Unit-23 Magic, Science and Religion — Malinowski
  • Unit-24 Concept of Social Structure Radcliffe.Brown
  • Unit-25 Concept of Function -Radcliffe-Brown
  • Unit-26 A Critique of Malinowski and Radcliffe-Brown

Block-7 Parson and Merton

  • Unit-27 The Concept Of Social System — Parsons
  • Unit-28 Functionalism And Social Change — Parsons
  • Unit-29 Manifest And Latent Function — Merton
  • Unit-30 Theory Of Reference Group — Merton
  • Unit-31 Critique Of Parsons And Merton

ESO-14 Society and Stratification

Block-1 Introducing social stratification

  • Unit-1 Social Stratification: Meaning and Approaches
  • Unit-2 Approaches to Social Stratification
  • Unit-3 Caste and Class in India
  • Unit-4 Stratification: Implications of Gender and Ethnicity

Block-2 Explaining social stratification

  • Unit-5 Marx and Weber
  • Unit-6 Parsons and Davis
  • Unit-7 Coser and Dahrendorf on Social Classes
  • Unit-8 Theories of Stratification: Towards A Synthesis Lenski, Luhmann, Berghe

Block-3 Ethnic stratification

  • Unit-9 Ethnicity as a Basis of Stratification
  • Unit-10 Tribal Ethnicity: The North-East
  • Unit-11 Religious Ethnicity: The Case of the Punjab
  • Unit-12 Linguistic ethnicity in India

Block-4 Gender differentiation and ethnicity

  • Unit-13 Gender as a Basis of Discrimination
  • Unit-14 Formation of Gender Identities
  • Unit-15 Gender Status and Power
  • Unit-16 Women's Empowerment: Some Illustrations

Block-5 Explaining caste in Indian society

  • Unit-17 The Basis of Caste Hierarchy: Purity and Pollution
  • Unit-18 Dimensions of Caste: Rituals and Power
  • Unit-19 Caste Identity: Attributional and Interactional Approaches
  • Unit-20 Caste Dynamics: Economic and Political

Block-6 Marginalised communities and stratification

  • Unit-21 Status of Dalits
  • Unit-22 Other Backward Classes
  • Unit-23 Scheduled Tribes
  • Unit-24 Marginalised Groups and Their Changing Status

Block-7 Class in Indian society

  • Unit-25 Agrarian Class Structure
  • Unit-26 Industrial Classes
  • Unit-27 Middle Classes in India
  • Unit-28 Class Conflict

Block-8 Social mobility

  • Unit-29 Concepts and Forms of Social Mobility
  • Unit-30 Social Mobility in Caste and Class
  • Unit-31 Factors and Forces of Social Mobility
  • Unit-32 Consequences of Social Mobility

ESO-15 Society and Religion

Block-1 The Study of religion

  • Unit-1 Sociology and the Study of Religion
  • Unit-2 Evolutionary Theories of Religion
  • Unit-3 Functionalist Theories of Religion
  • Unit-4 The Study of Religious Beliefs
  • Unit-5 The Study of Religious Symbols

Block-2 Perspectives on religion

  • Unit-6 Comparative Sociological Theories of Ritual
  • Unit-7 Ritual-I: A Case Study from Africa
  • Unit-8 Ritual-II: A Case Study from South-East Asia
  • Unit-9 Civil Religion
  • Unit-10 Religion and the Economic Order
  • Unit-11 Religion and Politics/State

Block-3 Religion and related aspects

  • Unit-12 Religious Organisations: Sects, Cults and Denominations
  • Unit-13 Religious Specialists: Shamans, Priests and Prophets
  • Unit-14 Religion: Social Stability and Change
  • Unit-15 Fundamentalism: Some Case Studies
  • Unit-16 Secularism and Secularisation

Block-4 Religious pluralism-I

  • Unit-17 Religious Pluralism in India: As Fact and Value
  • Unit-18 Tribal Religion: Two Case Studies

Block-5 Religious pluralism-II

  • Unit-19 Hinduism
  • Unit-20 Jainism and Buddhism
  • Unit-21 Christianity
  • Unit-22 Islam
  • Unit-23 Sikhism

Block-6 Religious movements : medieval and modern

  • Unit-24 Medieval Religious Movements I: Bhakti and Sufism
  • Unit-25 Medieval Religious Movements I: Veerashaivism
  • Unit-26 Modern Religious Movements II: Arya Samaj
  • Unit-27 Modern Religious Movements II: Ramakrishna Mission

Block-7 Social significance of religion

  • Unit-28 Life Cycle Rituals-I: Birth and Marriage
  • Unit-29 Life Cycle Rituals-II: Death
  • Unit-30 Social Significance of Pilgrimages
  • Unit-31 Social Significance of Religious Festivals
  • Unit-32 Fundamentalism, Communalism and Secularism

ESO-16 Social Problems in India

Block-1 Social framework

  • Unit-1 Social Transformation and Problems
  • Unit-2 Approaches and Paradigms
  • Unit-3 Social Problems: The Indian Context

Block-2 Structure in transition-I

  • Unit-4 Social Demography
  • Unit-5 Migration
  • Unit-6 Urbanisation
  • Unit-7 Changing Family Structure

Block-3 Structure in transition-II    

  • Unit-8 Unemployment
  • Unit-9 Labour : Industrial
  • Unit-10 Labour : Rural
  • Unit-11 Labour : Women
  • Unit-12 Labour : Children

Block-4 Patterns of deprivation and alienation

  • Unit-13 Poverty and its Social Dynamics
  • Unit-14 Crime and Delinquency
  • Unit-15 Drug Addiction and Alcoholism
  • Unit-16 Violence and Terrorism

Block-5 Identity, dignity and social justice-I

  • Unit-17 Children
  • Unit-18 Youth: Identity And Alienation
  • Unit-19 Women
  • Unit-20 The Aged

Block-6 Identity, dignity and social justice-II

  • Unit-21 Scheduled Castes
  • Unit-22 Scheduled Tribes
  • Unit-23 Minorities
  • Unit-24 Ethnicity

Block-7 Ecology and resources

  • Unit-25 Land: Access, Control and Management
  • Unit-26 Water: Access, Control and Management
  • Unit-27 Forests: Access, Control and Management
  • Unit-28 Role of the State and Other Associations

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