Corridor passes through the Balochistan province of pakistan. Baloch
people are the most underdeveloped population in the pakistan.
Their population has also declined since their annexation into Pakistan.
Balochistan is not open to the idea of CPEC, they see it as another
instrument of oppression.
Balochistan constitute only 5% of the population while geographically
they contain the area of 44% of Pakistan.
India is yet to comprehensively articulate its approach towards the CPEC
despite the fact that the corridor bodes strategic implications for India.
As stated, the corridor will pass through the Gilgit Baltistan region
where China has invested in the past in infrastructure and hydropower
In the Gilgit Baltistan segment, the CPEC project design includesa major
expansion of the Karakoram Highway, establishing industrial parks in special
economic zones, constructing hydropower projects, railway line and road.
The project also entails building hydropower projects and
motorways/highways in the so-called Azad Jammu and Kashmir.
India has on occassions said that territorial integrity of India is
supreme andit should be respected by all.
It refers to a collection of projects a clutch of major infrastructure
projects currently under way in Pakistan.
The corridor mainly consists of road, rail and power projects.
It is intended to increase and rapidly expand Pakistan's infrastructure
and also increase the relationship between China and Pakistan.
This corridor intends to link Kashgar in Xinjiang province of China to
Gwadar deep sea port close to Pakistan’s border with Iran.
Proposed infrastructure projects are worth approximately $11 billion,
and will be financed by heavily-subsidized concessionary loans that will be
dispersed to the Government of Pakistan by the Exim Bank of China
Over $33 billion worth of energy infrastructure are to be constructed by
private consortia to help alleviate Pakistan's chronic energy shortages.
Significance for China
The CPEC is part of China’s regional transnational ‘One Belt One Road’ (OBOR)
initiative that connects large patch of Asia and Eastern Europe.
Gwadar port is located close to the strait of hormuz. International oil
Trade is decided by this region. China can bypass a long route from South
east asia when cpec is complete.
The CPEC will give China land access to the Indian Ocean, cutting the
nearly 13,000 km sea voyage through the Strait of Malacca and around India
to 2,000 km road journey from Gwadar to Kashgar.
China western region is mostly underdeveloped. The development of
Kashgar as a trade terminus will reduce isolation of the underdeveloped
Xinjiang province and deepen its engagement with the rest of China.