The Indian National Anthem represents the hopes and aspirations of the
people of India. It is the symbol of our national pride.
Jana Gana Mana was first written in Bengali, the first of five stanzas
of the Brahmo hymn titled Bharot Bhagyo Bidhata are attributed to
The underlying message of Jana Gana Mana is pluralism.
Its Hindi version was adopted by the Constituent Assembly as the
National Anthem of India on 1950.
Though the Bengali song had been written in 1911, it was largely unknown
except to the readers of Tattwabodhini Patrika
Under prevention of Insults to National Honour Act of 1971 whoever
burns, mutilates, destroys, disfigures or otherwise shows disrespect to
India’s National Flag shall be punished with max imprisonment of 3 yrs.
Disrespect to national insignia has been linked to Section 124(A) of IPC,
which refers to sedition.
Under Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act whoever intentionally
prevents the singing of National Anthem or causes any disturbance in such
singing can be punished with imprisonment of 3 yrs.
SC in recent judgment said national anthem should be played before the
start of movie and audience should stand in attention , however exception
has been given to specially abled persons.
Way to perform
There are two versions of the National anthem fullversion takes 52 sec
to perform, while the short version takes around 20 seconds.
Full version shall be played at Civil and Military investitures, during
parade, On arrival of the President at formal State functions etc
The short version of the Anthem shall be played when drinking toasts in
Whenever the Anthem is sung or played, the audience shall stand to