Contents of Public Administration for IAS Mains Exams Study Kit


Contents of Public Administration for IAS Mains Exams Study Kit


1 Introduction

  • Meaning Of Administration
  • Scope Of Public Administration
  • Significance Of Public Administration
  • Wilson’s Vision Of Public Administration
  • Evolution Of Public Administration
  • New Public Administration
  • Minnowbrook I (1968)
  • The Minnowbrook Ii (September, 1988)
  • Minnowbrook Iii (2008)
  • New Public Management
  • Good Governance: Concept And Application
  • Public Choice Approach
  • Challenges O
  • Liberalisation, Privatisation And Globalisation

2 Administrativethought

  • Classical Theory
  • Mary Parker Follett (Dynamic Administration)
  • Scientific Management And Scientific Movement
  • Followers Of Taylor
  • Bureaucratic Theory
  • Human Relations Movement
  • Chester Barnard–functions Of The Executive
  • Simon’s Decision-making Theory
  • Participative Management

3 Administrative Behaviour

  • What Is Decision Making?
  • Communication
  • Theories Of Leadership
  • Theories Of Motivation
  • Morale

4 Organisations

  • Systems Theory
  • Contingency Theory
  • Ministers And Departments
  • Boards And Commission
  • Organization Of Public Undertakings
  • Ad Hoc Bodies
  • Advisory Body
  • Regulatory Authorities
  • Headquarters And Field Relationships
  • Public-private Partnership

5 Accountabilityand Control

  • What Is Accountability?
  • Control
  • Legislative, Executive And Judicial Control
  • Over Adminstration
  • Citizen And Administration
  • Civil Society
  • Role Of Media Interest Groups & Voluntary Organisation
  • Citizen’s Charter
  • Right To Information
  • Social Audit

6 Administrative Law

  • Meaning Of Administrative Law
  • Significance Of Administrative Law
  • Delegated Legislation
  • Administrative Tribunals

7 Comparative Publicadministration

  • Historical And Sociological Factors Affecting
  • Administrative System
  • Administration And Politics In Different Countries
  • Current Status Of Comparative Public Administration
  • Ecology And Administration
  • Riggsian Model And Their Critique

8 Development Dynamics

  • Concept Of Development
  • Development Dynamics: Changing Profile
  • Of Development Administration
  • Anti-development Thesis
  • Development And Bureaucracy
  • Strong State Vs Market Debate
  • Impact Of Liberalisation On Administration In
  • Developing Countries
  • Women And Development–the Self-help Group Movement

9 Personneladministration

  • Importance Of Human Resource Development (Hrd)
  • Recrruitment
  • Types Of Recruitment
  • Process Of Recruitment
  • Problems Of Recruitment
  • Training
  • Career Advancement
  • Performance Appraisal
  • Promotion
  • Position Classification
  • Discipline
  • Pay And Service Conditions
  • Employer-employee Relations
  • Code Of Conduct
  • Grievance Redressal Mechanism
  • Administrative Ethics
  • Appleby’s Perspective On Morality And Administration

10 Public Policy

  • Models Of Public Policy And Their Critique
  • Processes Of Conceptualization
  • Planning
  • Implementation
  • Monitoring
  • Evaluation
  • Review
  • State Theories & Public Policy

11 Techniques Ofadministrative Improvement 186

  • Organisation And Methods (O & M)
  • Work Study
  • Work Management
  • E-governance And Information Technology
  • Management Aids Tool
  • Network Analysis
  • Management Information System (Mis)
  • The Programme Evaluation And Review Technique (Pert)
  • Critical Path Method (Cpm)

12 Financialadministration 198

  • Monetary Policy
  • Fiscal Policy
  • Public Borrowings And Public Debt
  • Accounts And Audit
  • Separation Ofaccounts And Audit
  • Type Of Budget
  • Forms Of Budget
  • Budgetary Process In India
  • Financial Accountability

 

 EVOLUTION OF INDIAN ADMINISTRATION

KAUTILYA’S ARTHASHASTRA

  • Principle of Unity of Command
  • Division of WOrk
  • Principle of Coordination
  • Job Classification
  • Planning and Budgeting
  • Decentralization
  • Welfare State
  • Evaluation
  • Attention from Political Philosophy to Political Science
  • Kautilya and Machiavelli
  • Kautilya and Max Weber

THE MUGHAL ADMINISTRATION

  • Military in Nature
  • No Sharing of Authority
  • Central Administration
  • Provincial and District Administration
  • Conclusion

LEGACY OF BRITISH RULE IN POLITICS AND ADMINISTRATION

  • Portfolio System
  • Introduction of Local Self-Government
  • Administrative Reforms of 1919
  • Administrative Reforms of 1935

INDIANIZATION OF ADMINISTRATION 1

  • Federal Structure
  • Parliamentary System
  • District and Local Administration
  • Secretariat System
  • Public Services
  • Rule of Law
  • Administrative Procedures

 PHILOSOPHICAL AND CONSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK OF GOVERNMENT

SALIENT FEATURES OF INDIAN ADMINISTRATION

VALUE PREMISES

  • The Preamble
  • We the People
  • Sovereign
  • Concepts of Justice, Liberty, Equality and Fraternity
  • Equality of Status and Opportunity
  • Fraternity
  • Socialist
  • Secular
  • Fundamental Rights
  • Assessment
  • Implication for the Administration
  • Directive Principles of State Policy
  • Implication for Administration
  • Fundamental Duties

CONSTITUTIONALISM

  • Meaning
  • Example of Descriptive Use
  • Example of Prescriptive Use
  • Constitutionalism vs Constitutional Questions
  • Features of Constitutionalism
  • Constitution and Constitutionalism
  • Democracy and Constitutionalism
  • Criticism
  • Constitutionalism in India

POLITICAL CULTURE

  • Political Culture as Shared Paradigms
  • William Stewart: Eight Political Cultures
  • Political Culture as Political Philosophy
  • Type of Political Culture Almond & Verba—Three pure types of Politicial Culture
  • Lijphart

BUREAUCRACY AND DEMOCRACY

  • Weber on Bureaucracy vis-a-vis Democracy
  • Marxists
  • The Question Mark in Developing Societies—Fred Riggs and Palobara
  • Eva Etzioni-Halevy’s Thesis on Bureaucracy vis-à-vis Democracy
  • Safeguards against Bureaucratic Threat to Democracy

BUREAUCRACY AND DEVELOPMENT

  • Five Year Plan
  • Approach to Five Year Plan, (1974-1979)
  • Planning Commission
  • State Level Public Administration
  • Local Governments
  • Expects and Specialistis
  • Public Administration acquire New Skills & Knowledge
  • People’s Participation

PUBLIC SECTOR UNDERTAKINGS

PUBLIC SECTOR IN MODERN INDIA

  • Meaning of Public Enterprise
  • Kinds of Public Undertakings
  • Reasons for Government Participation in Economic Activities

FORMS OF PUBLIC SECTOR UNDERTAKINGS

  • Departmental Undertakings
  • Merits
  • Demerits
  • Government Company
  • Merits
  • Demerits
  • Public Corporations
  • Merits
  • Demerits
  • Comparison of the forms of governmental Undertakings
  • The Administrative Reforms Commission I
  • Assessment

PROBLEMS OF AUTONOMY OF PUBLIC UNDERTAKINGS

PROBLEMS OF ACCOUNTABILITY OF PUBLIC UNDERTAKINGS

PROBLEMS OF CONTROL OF PUBLIC UNDERTAKINGS

  • Ministerial Control
  • Parliamentary Control
  • Control through Specialised Agencies
  • Bureau of Public Enterprises
  • Liberalisation
  • Globalisation
  • Privatisation
  • Impact

 UNION GOVERNMENT AND ADMINISTRATION

EXECUTIVE

  • The President
  • Salary and Allowances
  • Vacancy in the Office
  • Impeachment Procedure
  • Election of the President
  • Mode of Election
  • Power of the President
  • Executive Powers
  • Legislative Powers
  • Financial Powers
  • Judicial Power
  • Emergency Powers
  • Consequence of the Proclamation
  • Consequences of Proclamation of Emergency under Article 356
  • Financial Emergency
  • Consequences of Financial Emergency
  • Criticism of the Emergency Powers
  • The Supreme Court and President
  • Steps to Curb President’s Power-Amendment of Article 74 of Consitution
  • Some Basic Issues
  • Dissolution of Lok Sabha
  • Dismissal of a Government
  • President of India
  • Charges of Corruption
  • Position of the President
  • Can there be President’s Rule at the Centre?
  • Vice-President
  • Assessment
  • Prime Minister
  • Appointment
  • Prime Minister as the head of the Council of Ministers
  • Prime Minister and Parliament
  • Prime Minister and his Party
  • Prime Minister and the People
  • Link between President and the Cabinet
  • Spokesman of the Government on Foreign Policy
  • Prime Minister’s Control over Intelligence Agencies
  • Administrative and Executive Functions of the Prime Minister
  • Council of Ministers Composition
  • The Council of Ministers and the Cabinet
  • Functions of the Cabinet
  • Executive Functions
  • Cabinet Committees 
  • Organisation of Committees
  • Evolution of Cabinet Committees in India
  • Gopalaswamy Ayyangar Committee’s Report
  • Adhoc and sub-Committee
  • Observations of the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG)
  • Recommendations of the Administrative Reforms Commission I
  • Position of the Prime Minister in the Cabinet System

THE PARLIAMENT

  • Sessions of Parliament
  • Conduct of Business and Legislative Procedure
  • Members of Parliament
  • Officers of the Houses
  • Assent to Bills
  • Parliamentary Privileges
  • Functions of Parliament
  • Parliamentary Sovereignty
  • Performance of Indian Parliament over the Years
  • Measures to Improve the Working of Indian Parliament

THE JUDICIARY

  • Independence of Judiciary
  • Functions of the Supreme Court
  • Original Jurisdiction (Article 131)
  • Appellate Jurisdiction (Articles 132 to 136)
  • Advisory Jurisdiction
  • Supreme Court as a Court of Record
  • Appeal by Special Leave
  • Writ Jurisdiction
  • Judicial Review
  • Judicial Activism
  • Public Interest Legislation (PLI)
  • Relationship between the Legislature and the Judiciary

CABINET SECRETARIAT

  • Evolution
  • Organisation
  • Functions of the Cabinet Secretariat
  • Role
  • Cabinet Secretary
  • Role of the Cabinet Secretary
  • Administrative Reforms Commission (I) and the Cabinet Secretariat
  • Prime Minister's Office Functions
  • Organisation
  • Evolution of PM’s Secretariat/Office
  • Role of PMO
  • Conclusion
  • Prime Ministerial System in India

THE CENTRAL SECRETARIAT

  • Evolution of the Central Secretariat
  • Functions of teh SEcretariat
  • Advantages of Split System
  • The Present Status
  • Rules of Business
  • Central Secretariat: Structure and Secretariat Officials
  • Tenure System
  • Centra Secretariat Service (CSS)
  • Office Service
  • Central Secretariat Stenographers Service
  • Central Secretariat Clerical Service (CSCS)
  • Criticism of the Secretariat
  • Desk Officer Concept

MINISTRIES AND DEPARTMENTS

APEX/INDEPENDENT OFFICE

  • Ministry of Home Affairs
  • Organisation
  • Functions
  • Ministry of Finance
  • History
  • Organisation
  • Department of Economic Affairs
  • Department of Expenditure
  • Department of Revenue
  • Department of Financial Services
  • Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions
  • Organisation
  • Functions

BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS

  • The Classification of Boards and Commissions

ATTACHED OFFICES

  • Organisation of Attached Offices
  • Functions
  • Relationship between the Attached and Subordinate Offices

FIELD ORGANISATIONS

  • Pattern of Relationship between the Secretariat and the Field Office
  • Field Organisation in Operation

 PLANS AND PRIORITIES

MACHINERY OF PLANNING

(a) Perspective Targeting
(b) Formulation of Guidelines
(c) Preparation of the Approach Paper
(d) Publication of the Draft Plan
(e) Finalization of the Plan
(f) The Phase of Implementation
(g) The Exercise of Evaluation

ROLE, COMPOSITION AND FUNCTIONS OF THE

PLANNING COMMISSION

  • Administrative Reforms Commission and Planning Commission
  • Functions
  • Planning Commission and Prime Minister
  • Compositions
  • Role of the Planning Commission
  • Changing Role of the Planning Commission

NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT COUNCIL

  • Evolution
  • Functions
  • Composition
  • Role of the National Development Council
  • The Issues of ‘Centralism’ and Consensus
  • Changing Role of the National Development Council

INDICATIVE PLANNING

  • Planning Under New Economic Policy adopted in 1990

PROCESS OF PLAN FORMULATION AT UNION LEVEL

PROCESS OF PLAN

FORMULATION AT STATE LEVELS

  • The Functions of the Planning Board
  • Planning Machinery
  • Evaluation of District Planning
  • Tension Areas in
  • Centre-State Planning Relations
  • Issue Areas and Suggestions
  • The Rationale

CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS (1992)

AND DECENTRALIZED PLANNING FOR ECONOMIC

DEVELOPMENT AND SOCIAL JUSTICE

UNION-STATE RELATIONS

  • Legislative Relations

  • Administrative Relations

(a) Governor as Agent of Centre
(b) Implementation of Central Laws
(c) States to Entrust Functions to the Union
(d) All India Services
(e) Power of Adjudication
(f) Inter-State Comity
(g) Commissions against State Chief Ministers
(h) Constitutional Bodies/Institutional Arrangement for Consultation
(i) Planning Commission
(j) Consultation Through Conferences

  • Financial Relations

(a) The Scheme of Distribution of Sources of Revenue
(b) Grants-in-Aid
(c) Power of Borrowing
(d) Financial Emergency
(e) Control by the Comptroller and Auditor General of India

  • Tension Areas in Practice

ROLE OF THE FINANCE COMMISSION

  • Composition
  • Functions
  • Duration of the Commission
  • Role of the Finance Commission

GOVERNOR

  • Why an Appointed Governor and not an Elected One?
  • Appointment of the Governor
  • The Appointment of the Governor: Suggestions
  • Role of State Government in Selection of Governor
  • Pover and Functions of the Governor
  • The Governor possesses executive, legislative and judicial powers
  • Discretionary Powers of the Governor
  • Critical Assessment of the Governor's Discretionary Powers
  • The Dual Role of the State Governor
  • Constitutional Head of State
  • Governor as the Agent of the Centre
  • Position and Role of the Governor Before 1967
  • Position and Role of the Governor After 1967
  • Recommendation of the ARC

CHIEF MINISTER

  • Appointment of the Chief Minister
  • Powers and Functions of the Chief Ministers
  • Chief Minister and the Legislature
  • Relationship between the Governor and Chief Minister
  • Actual Position of teh Chief Minister

COUNCIL OF MINISTERS

  • Organisation
  • Functions

STATE SECRETARIAT

  • Meaning
  • Organisation
  • Functions
  • General
  • Financial Matters
  • Service Matters
  • Criticism of the Secretariat

CHIEF SECRETARY

  • Appointment of the Chief Secretary
  • Functions and Role of Chief Secretary

Functions
(i) As the Principal Adviser to the Chief Minister
(ii) As Secretary of the Cabinet
(iii) As the Head of the Civil Service
(iv) As the Coordinator
(v) As Channel of Communication
(vi) As the Secretary of the Zonal Council
(vii) Residuary Functions

DIRECTORATES

  • Nomenclature
  • Organisation
  • Functions of the Department/Directorate
  • Relationship between the Secretariat and Field Departments

 DISTRICT ADMINISTRATION SINCE INDEPENDENCE

CHANGING ROLE OF THE COLLECTOR

  • Evolution of the Office of Collector
  • The Collector: Appointment and Service Conditions
  • Functions of District Collector
  • Land Revenue
  • Maintenance of Law and Order
  • Developmental Function
  • Other Functions
  • Decline in Importance
  • Need of an Effective Co-ordinator

UNION-STATE-LOCAL RELATIONS

  • Three Models
  • Recent Trends in Constitutional Development in India

IMPERATIVES OF DEVELOPMENT MANAGEMENT

IMPERATIVES OF LAW AND ORDER ADMINISTRATION

DISTRICT ADMINISTRATION AND DEMOCRATIC

DECENTRALISATION

CIVIL SERVICES

CONSTITUTIONAL POSITION

STRUCTURE

  • Classification since Independence
  • The Third Pay Commission and Classification
    1 All India Services
    2 The Central (Union) Services
  • The Central Service Group A
  • Group ‘B’ Services
  • Group ‘C’ Services
  • Group ‘D’ Services
  • Critical Estimate

RECRUITMENT TO CIVIL SERVICES

  • Recruitment Agencies

TRAINING AND CAPACITY BUILDING

  • Deficiencies

GOOD GOVERNANCE INITIATIVE

(a) E-Governance
(b) Right to Information Act, 2005
(c) Unique Identification Number
(d) Single Window System

CODE OF CONDUCT AND DISCIPLINE

  • Disciplinary Action
  • Purpose of Punishment
  • Procedure
  • Right to Appeal

POLITICAL RIGHTS

GRIEVANCE REDRESSAL MECHANISM

  • Instruments
  • Indian Practice
  • Lokpal and Lokayukta
  • Lokayukta
  • The Central Vigilance Commission

STAFF ASSOCIATIONS

  • Idea
  • Object

CIVIL SERVICE NEUTRALITY

CIVIL SERVICE ACTIVISM

  • Political Rights of Civil Servants
  • Safeguards

 FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT

BUDGET AS A POLITICAL INSTRUMENT

PARLIAMENTARY CONTROL OF PUBLIC EXPENDITURE

  • Questions
  • Resolutions
  • Motions
  • Adjournment Motion
  • Debates and Discussions
  • Calling Attention Motion
  • Specific Methods of Financial Control
  • Annual Financial Statement
  • Consolidated Fund
  • Money Bill
  • Demands for Grants
  • Supplementary, Additional or Excess Grants
  • Cut Motions
  • Appropriation Bill
  • Vote on Account
  • Vote of Credit
  • Reappropriation
  • Control Through Committees
  • Public Accounts Committee
  • Composition
  • Functions
  • Estimates Committee
  • Functioning of the Committee
  • Committee on Public Undertakings
  • Functions

ROLE OF FINANCE MINISTRY IN MONETARY

POLICY AND FISCAL POLICY AREA

ACCOUNTING TECHNIQUES

AUDIT

  • Meaning
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • India
  • Separation of Accounts from Audit
  • Case for Separation
  • Case against Separation
  • Implementation of the Scheme of Separation of Accounting from Audit

ROLE OF COMPTROLLER AND AUDITOR GENERAL OF INDIA

  • History
  • Appointment and Conditions of Service
  • Powers and Duties of CAG
  • Audit Report
  • Audit against Rules and Orders
  • Audit Against Propriety
  • Criticism
  • Position of the CAG

ROLE OF CONTROLLER CENTRAL OF ACCOUNTS

  • Overview of the Organization
  • Overview of Accounts

 ADMINISTRATIVE REFORMS SINCE INDEPENDENCE

MAJOR CONCERNS

(a) Efficiency and Economy
(b) Specialization
(c) Effective Coordination
(d) Administration and Development of Public Personnel
(e) Integrity in Public Service
(f) Responsiveness and Public Accountability
(g) Decentralization and Democratization

IMPORTANT COMMITTEES AND COMMISSION

  • Central Administration
  • Police Reforms
  • Rural Local Administration
  • Urban Local Administration
     

REFORMS IN FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT AND

HUMAN RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT

  • The Administration Reform Commission (1966-70)
  • The Sarkaria Commission on Centre-State Relations
  • The Economic Administration Reforms Commission
  • The Chief Ministers’ Conference, 1997
  • Expenditure Reforms Commission, 2001

PROBLEMS OF IMPLEMENTAION

RURAL DEVELOPMENT

INSTITUTIONS AND AGENCIES SINCE INDEPENDENCE

  • National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA)
  • Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY)
  • Indira Awaas Yojana (IAY)
  • National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP)
  • Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP)
  • National Land Records Modernization Programme (NLRMP)

RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES: FOCI AND STRATEGIES

  • Employment Creation
  • Planned spending on Agriculture
  • Housing for Poor
  • Social security and Pension
  • Rural road connectivity
  • Provision of credit at reasonable rates
  • Public distribution system

DECENTRALIZATION & PANCHAYATI RAJ

73RD CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT

 URBAN LOCAL GOVERNMENT

MUNICIPAL GOVERNANCE: MAIN FEATURES, STRUCTURES,

FINANCE, PROBLEM AREAS, 74TH

CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT

  • Municipal Council
  • Notified Area Committee (NAC)
  • Town Area Committee (TAC)
  • Township
  • Cantonment Board
  • Single - Purpose Agencies
  • Housing Boards
  • Improvement Trusts
  • Finance
  • Planning
  • The District Planning Committee (DPC)
  • etropolitan Planning Committee (MPC)
  • Problem AreasScarcity of Financial Resources
  • Law Effectiveness
  • Excessive State Control
  • Postponement of Elections
  • Unplanned Urbanization
  • Low Level of Participation
  • Ineffective Leadership
  • Structural Lacunae

GLOBAL- LOCAL DEBATE

  • Thinking Global
  • Acting Local

NEW LOCALISM

  • New Localism and Old Localism
  • An Emerging Governance Principle
  • Complexity

DEVELOPMENT DYNAMICS

  • The Importance of Transparency and Right to Information

POLITIC AND ADMINISTRATION WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO

CITY MANAGEMENT

  • Neutral Competence
  • Political Guidance and Legislative Insight
  • Autonomy
  • Internal Competition

 LAW AND ORDER ADMINISTRATION

BRITISH LEGACY

NATIONAL POLICE COMMISSION

  • Political Interference in Police Work
  • Statutory Tenure of Service
  • Selection of Chief of Police
  • Transfer/Suspension Orders
  • Guidelines for Avoidance of Vexatious Arrests
  • Examination of Witnesses
  • Compounding Offences
  • Intimation about Arrest
  • Use of Third Degree Methods
  • Attendance of Witnesses
  • Psychological Tests
  • Evaluation during Training
  • Control of the District Magistrate
  • Causes of Poor Police Public Relations
  • Vertical Communication in Police
  • Victims of Crime
  • Need for Transparency
  • Women Police
  • Creation of Central IPS Cadres
  • Police Commissionerate System for Major Cities
  • Separation of Investigating Staff from Law and Order Staff
  • Management of the Police Force
  • Central Law for Armed Police Forces
  • Establishment of an All India Police Institute
  • Enactment of a Model Police Act
  • Response to NPC’s Recommendations

INVESTIGATIVE AGENCIES

ROLE OF CENTRAL AND STATE AGENCIES INCLUDING

PARAMILITARY FORCES IN MAINTENANCE OF LAW & ORDER AND

COUNTERING INSURGENCY AND TERRORISM

  • Central Bureau of Investigation
  • Indo-Tibetan Border Police
  • Border Security Force
  • Assam Rifles
  • National Security Guards
  • Central Reserve Police Force
  • Rapid Action Force
  • Central Industrial Security Force
  • Other Police Organisations and Institutions
  • Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D)
  • National Crime Records Bureau
  • Central Finger Print Bureau (CFPB)
  • Directorate of Forensic Science (DFS)
  • National Institute of Criminology and Forensic Science (NICFS)
  • Central Forensic Science Laboratory (CFSL), CBI
  • Directorate of Coordination Wireless Police (DCPW)
  • Narcotics Control Bureau

CRIMINALISATION OF POLITICS AND ADMINISTRATION

  • Reasons
  • Developments
  • Suggestions

POLICE – PUBLIC RELATIONS

  • Police Public Interface Core Issues
  • Some Experiments
  • People’s Expectations
  • Community Policing

REFORMS IN POLICE

  • Political Interference in Police Work
  • Statutory Tenure of Service
  • Selection of Chief of Police
  • Transfer/Suspension Orders
  • Guidelines for Avoidance of Vexatious Arrests
  • Guidelines Regarding Use of Handcuffs
  • Examination of Witnesses
  • Compounding Offences
  • Intimation about Arrest
  • Use of Third Degree Methods
  • Attendance of Witnesses
  • Psychological Tests
  • Evaluation during Training
  • Control of the District Magistrate
  • Causes of Poor Police Public Relations
  • Vertical Communication in Police
  • Victims of Crime
  • Need for Transparency
  • Women Police
  • Creation of Central IPS Cadres
  • Police Commissionerate System for Major Cities
  • Separation of Investigating Staff from Law and Order Staff
  • Management of the Police Force
  • Central Law for Armed Police Forces
  • Establishment of an All India Police Institute
  • Enactment of a Model Police Act
  • Response to NPC’s Recommendations
  • Suggestions
  • Administrative Reforms Commission-II: Recommendations

 SIGNIFICANT ISSUES IN INDIAN ADMINISTRATION

VALUES IN PUBLIC SERVICE

  • Draft Public Service Bill, 2007
  • Public Service Values

REGULATORY COMMISSIONS

  • The Regulatory State
  • Uniform Regulatory Framework

NATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION

  • Functions
  • Powers Relating to Inquiries
  • Autonomy of the Commission
  • Major Initiatives

ADMINISTRATION IN COALITION REGIMES

CITIZEN-ADMINISTRATION INTERFACE

  • Modes of Interaction Between Citizens and Administration
  • The State’s Responses Towards Participation
  • Citizens’ Charter Initiative

CORRUPTION AND ADMINISTRATION

  • The Ombudsman
  • Parliamentary Commissioner
  • The Administrative Courts
  • The Indian Scenario

DISASTER MANAGEMENT

  • Definition
  • Evolution of Disaster Management in India
  • Disaster Management during British Administration and Post Independence
  • List of various Disasters
  • Prevention and Mitigation
  • Preparedness and Response
  • Recovery, Reconstruction and Rehabilitation
  • Capacity Development
  • Financial Arrangements


1. Ethics—the Other Name For Good Governance

  • R.C Sekhar

  • Concept of Ethics and Good Governance

  • Meaning of Ethics
  • Meaning of Good Governance
  • Relationship Between
  • Ethics And Good Governance
  • Some Issues
  • Burden of Poverty
  • Conflict Resolution
  • Tragedy of The Commons
  • Limits To Transparency And Participation
  • Mistrust In Tax Administration
  • Principle of Reasonableness
  • Principles of Natural Justice And Fairness
  • Checking Misuse of Discretionary Powers
  • Openness, Impartiality, Rationality And Participation
  • Measures Needed To Promote Good Governance
  • Making Administration Citizen-friendly And Citizen-caring
  • Its Being Alive To Citizen Complaints
  • Must Be Open And Accessible
  • Judging Performance According To Set Standards
  • Establishing Accountability

2. Changing Administrative Values In India

  • V Subramaniam

  • British Ruleand Indianadministrativevalues

  • Introduction

  • India’s Inheritance of Politico-administrativevalues

  • Hindu Values: Kautilya’s “arthashastra”
  • Impact oif Muslim Rule
  • Field
  • Administration And Bureaucratic System
  • Paternalism
  • Administrative Values Since Independence
  • Minister-civil Servant Relations
  • Phase Of Complete Cooperation
  • Phase Of ‘commitment’
  • Erosion Of Neutrality
  • New Managerialism

3. Ethics And Administration Shekhar Singh

  • Ethical Crisis In The Civil Services
  • Types Of Corrupt
  • The Collaborators
  • The Apathetic
  • The Lawless
  • Subjective View Of ‘public Interest’

  • Remedyingthe Situation:The Choices Beforethe Nation

  • War Against Corruption Through Targeting The Individual
  • Selecting The Right Bureaucrat
  • Changing The System

4. Women And Empowerment Shanta Kohli Chandra

  • Introduction

  • Need For Change In The Right Direction

  • Participation In Decision-making
  • Participation In Development Process
  • Creating Linkages Between Women In Public Life And Women Working In Other
  • Areas
  • Participation In Governance

5. Prime Minister’s Office—

  • We Cannot And Need Not Do Without It

  • B.G Deshmukh

  • Introduction

  • Fifty Years Of Pmo

  • Nehru Era
  • Prime Ministerial Type Of Government
  • Pmo-a Necessity Today
  • Indira Gandhi’s First And Second Terms
  • Rajiv Gandhi Era
  • Emergence of Prime Minister’s House (Pmh)
  • V.P Singh And Chandra Shekhar Periods
  • Narasimha Rao’s And Subsequent Governments

6. Role And Functioning Of Election Commission Of India

  • Ms Gill

  • Our Form Of Governmentand Elections

  • Role of Election Commission
  • Composition of Election Commission
  • Powers And Task

  • Anappraisal Of Functioning Of Election Commission

  • Rising Complexities In Conduct Of Elections
  • Some Recent Achievements
  • Ensuring Inner-party Democracy
  • Preventing Criminalisation of Politics
  • Summing UP

7. Central Vigilance Commission: A Profile

  • P.K Gopinath

  • Creation Of Cvc
  • Role, Power And Jurisdiction Of Cvc
  • Procedure Of Work
  • Problems Involved In Investigating Corruption Cases
  • Objectivity In
  • Recommending Action By Cvc

  • Summing Up

8. Galloping Corruption: Need For Effective Vigilance

  • U.C Agarwal

  • The Present Level Of Corruption
  • Corruption During
  • Second World War Times
  • Corruption In Post-independence Period
  • Measures Necessary To Effectively Tackle Corruption
  • Creation of Independent And Empowered Vigilance Bodies With Supporting
  • Agencies
  • Empowering Heads of Departments
  • Use of Police Only Under Judicial Control

9. Indian Finance Commission

  • G Thimmaiah

  • Promoting Nationalwelfare

  • Complementing Planning Commission
  • Federal Transfers To Minimise Vertical Fiscal Imbalance
  • Equalising Standard Of Essential Public And Social Services
  • Method of Achieving Such Equalisation
  • Estimating Fiscal Needs Of The States
  • Asking For Central Government Memo On Revenue Surplus
  • Seeking State’s Realistic Expenditure Forecasts
  • Reducing Vertical Federal Fiscal Imbalance
  • Estimating States Needs With Their Revenue Efforts
  • Adjusting Gross Revenue Deficits With Expenditure On Standard Public And
  • Social Services
  • Adjustment As Per Difference In Actual And Standard Per Capita Expenditures On
  • These Items
  • Advantages of Suggested Approach

10.  Role of Comptroller And Auditor General In India

  • V.K Shunglu

  • Role of CAG

  • Evolution of Audit
  • Cag And Accounts of The States
  • Role of Cag As Auditor of The Nation

  • Constraint In The

  • Functioning Of CAG

  • CAG And The Public Accounts Committees

  • Challenges For The Future

11. Public Sector In Independent India

  • Suresh Kumar

  • Public Sector In India

  • Mixed Economy Model
  • Public Sector’s Commanding Role And Reasonable Return For Investment
  • Rapid Expansion of Public Sector Despite Poor Performance

  • Reforms Needed In Future

  • Imperatives of Efficiency Under New Economic Policy
  • Elements of New Economic Policy Affecting Pses
  • Pace And Direction of Reforms
  • Autonomy-disinvestment And Setting Up of Apex Body
  • Disinvestment With Efficiency And Productivity

  • Significant Latest Developments

  1.  Lesson To Be Learnt From China
  2.  Impact of Fifth Pay Commission Bonanza

12. Recent Initiatives For Administrative Reform In India

  • Psa Sundaram

  • Dominant Issues Onadministrative Reforms Confronting Other Nations

  • Indian Response

  • Perspective Of Reformsand Follow-upaction

  • Focus of Action Plan
  • Follow-up Action
  • Greater Transparency And Openness
  • Greater Responsiveness To The People
  • Changes In Regulatory Framework
  • Civil Service Reform

13. Reservation Policy In India: Theory And Practice

  • Sr Maheshwari

  • Reservation In the

  • Public Service

  • Grounding In Welfare Orientation
  • Announcement Of 1950
  • Politics of Mandalisation
  • Electoral Compulsions Defying Rationality of Reservation For OBCS
  • Narasimha Rao Government’s Announcement
  • Supreme Court Ruling

  • Reservation In Legislatures

  • Reservation For Sons Ofthe Soil

  • Critique on Reservation

  • Reservation Fever
  • Training Panchayat Leaders And Other Implications
  • Newer Demands For Reservation
  • Need To Follow Up Reservation With Land Rights And other Reforms

14. Welfare Administration In India: A Critical Evaluation

  • R.K Barik

  • Stateandwelfareadministration In India

  • Necessity of State Intervention
  • Indian Model of Welfare State
  • Impact of Liberalisation on our Model
  • Securing of Fundamental Rights With Weakening of State
  • Absence of Social Security System
  • Absence of ‘cutting Edge’ of Administration

15. Administration Of Urban Development

  • MN Buch

  • Understanding The Basic Town Planning Philosophy In India

  • Problems Of Urban Planning In India

  • Isolation From National Economic Planning Process
  • Over-looking
  • Commuting Time And Distance Factors
  • Poor Plan Implementation
  • Ignoring The Need To Make City Functional
  • Neglect of Municipal Administration
  • Neglect of Municipal Civil Servants

16. Natural Disaster Management In India

  • Vinod K Sharma

  • Natural Disaster Management In India

  • Administrative Structure At Central Level
  • Agriculture Ministry-the Nodal Agency
  • Committees At National Level
  • Cabinet Committee
  • National Crisis Management Committee (Ncmc)
  • Crisis Management Group (Cmg)
  • Financial Arrangements
  • Administrative Structure At State Level
  • States Crisis Management Group
  • Administrative Structure At District Level
  • Contingency Plans
  • District Relief Committee
  • District Control Room
  • Coordination
  • The Armed Forces
  • Non-government Voluntary Organisations
  • The Community
  • Research And Training Institutions
  • The National Centre For Disaster Management

17. Sociological Theory And

  • Concepts In Public Administration

  • A.P Barnadas

  • Introduction

  • Conflict Theory
  • Bureaucracy
  • Authority
  • Power
  • Organisation
  • Planning
  • Conclusion

18. Managing Natural Resources For Disaster Reduction

  • A.K Kaushik And Rituraj

  • Management Strategies

  • Management of Soil
  • Management of Water And Air
  • Management of Forests
  • Management of Wildlife And Fisheries
  • Management of Bio-diversity
  • Management of Mineral Resources
  • Management of Coal
  • Management of Petroleum
  • Management of Human Recourses
  • Management of Global House Drift By Managing Natural Resources
  • Conclusions

19. Criminalisation of Polities Beyond Vohra Committee

  • P.R Dubhashi

  • Electoral Laws
  • Bureaucracy And Corruption
  • How To Reform

20. Police Reform—new Imperatives

  • T Ananthachari

  • Some Serious Developmentsaffecting Policing

  • Rising Faith In Mercenaries
  • Race Between Agencies To Impress Political Masters
  • Passing Difficult Decision-making Situations To Judiciary
  • Increasing Use of Army In Enforcing Order
  • Increasing Role of Intelligence Agencies

  • Policeasanagent Of Change

  • Globalization And Need For More Humane Police
  • New Challenges Before Police

  • Summing Up

21.Sustainable Development

  • Imperatives Of Public Administration

  • R Rajamani

  • Understanding Sustainable Development

  • Life Styles And Societal Changes \
  • Giving Push To Change

  • Indian Framework For Sustainable Development

  • National Imperatives In Rio Declaration
  • Changes In India Since 1972
  • Legislative Framework
  • Implementing Agencies And Supportive Structure
  • Fiscal Support
  • Promoting Public Awareness And Contact

22.Ethics In Public Administration—maladies And Remedies

  • Bata K Dey

  • Ethics and Public administration

  • Ethical Principles
  • Nature of Administration And Role of Ethics Therein
  • The Context of Character
  • Corruption
  • Developmental Programmes And Erosion of Values
  • Factors Responsible For Moral Erosion

  • Some Remedies

  • Limitations of Laws
  • Other Approaches Of Promoting Ethics
  • Context of Liberalisation

23.Right To Information Regime In India: a Critical Appraisal

  • Sapna Chadah

  • Right To Information: Indian Scenario
  • Demand For Right To Information In India
  • Right To Information Act, 2005
  • Purpose of The Act
  • Meaning of Information
  • Definition of Right To Information
  • Authorities Under The Act
  • Procedure For Supply of Information
  • Restrictions on Right To Information
  • Central And State Information Commission
  • Appeal
  • Penalty

  • Majorconcerns

  • Disclosure of File Notings
  • Cost of Implementation
  • Misuse of Information
  • Choice of Information Commissioners

24.Public Services In India: Achievements And Disappointments

  • U.C Agarwal

  • Initial Years

  • The Perils Of Decline

  • Redeemingthe Prestige: Challengesahead

  • Reform Initiatives

25.Restructuring of Municipal Services In India

  • Awadesh Kumar Singh

  • Corruption In Municipal Services
  • Public Private Partnership
  • Report Card System
  • Reforms In Municipal Services
  • Conclusion

26.Critique of ‘governance’ From The Grassroots Perspective

  • P Raghu Ram

 27.Efficiency In Administration: Measures Required to

  • Enhance Efficiency In Administration

  • R.D Sharma

  • Introduction

  • Finding of Peforms-committees — UK-USA

  • Efficiency as a Concept: Eighth Five Year Plan 1992-1997

  • Permanent Measure To Improve Efficiency

28.Role of Information Technology And E-governance In

  • Effective Delivery of Public Service—initiatives,

  • Challenges And Prospects

  • Inderjeet Singh Sodhi

  • Itand E-governance In Delivery of Services

  • Indicators And Parameters Of E-governance For Excellent Service
  • Challenges For It And E-governance In Delivery Of Services

29.Globalisation Governance And The State

  • Furoquan Ahmad And Akhtar Ali

  • Introduction

  • Global Actor
  • Globalisation And Changing Governance
  • Economic Globalisation Addresses The Governance Crisis?

30.Public Private Partnership In India (Policy, Strategies And

  • Operationalisation Issues)

  • Tn Dhar

  • Reform Process And Early Pitfalls
  • Recant Initiatives In Ppp Contexts
  • Institutional Arrangements And Enabling Framework

  • Conclusionand Suggestions

31.Social Mobilisation For Empowering Rural Poor Through

  • Shgs: A Study In Assam

  • T Medhavati Devi And N Upadhay

  • Introduction

  • Conclusion

  • Recommendations

  • Need For Federation
  • Rejuvenating Gender Sensitisation
  • Need For Cash Credit
  • Performanceappraisal of Shg
  • Strengthening Shpi

32.Gender Budgeting To Gender Mainstreaming

  • Shalini Rajneesh

  • Introduction

  • Initiatives, By Government of Karnataka

  • The Essentials For

  • Women Empowerment

  • Conclusion

33.Value Based Capacity Building Through E-administration

  • Sangeeta Sharma

  • Premises
  • Propositions

34.The Working Of Panchayati Raj: an Analysis

  • S.A Palekar

  • Political Impact Of Panchayati Raj
  • Development Role Of Panchayati Raj
  • Factors Leading To Poor Performance Of Pris

35.People’s Empowerment

  • Arvind K Sharma

  • Empowerment Strategies

  • The Market Route
  • Deconcentration
  • Devolution
  • The Democracy Option

36.Citizen’s Charter—an Instrument of Public

  • Accountability: Problems And Prospects In India

  • R.B Jain

  • Strategy Of Introducing Citizen’s Charter In Uk
  • Three Reform Steps Preceding The Charter
  • Its Main Four Themes
  • Cabinet Minister For Its Implementation
  • Key Elements of Setting Of Charters
  • Several Charters By Public Agencies Enforced
  • Charter Espouse ‘total Quality Approach’

  • Citizen’s Charter

  • Scheme In India

  • Recommendation of Chief Secretaries Conference (1996)
  • Action Plan In Chief Ministers Conference (1997)
  • Role of Consumer Coordination Council of ‘common Course’
  • A Tentative
  • Assessment of Citizen’s Charter

37.Law And Order: a Precondition For Good Governance

  • O.P Tandon

  • Maintenance of Lawand Orderand Good Governance

  • Crime In India
  • Rise In Violent Crimes
  • Violence By Militants And Urban Crimes
  • Ethenic And Communal Violence
  • Ethno-nationalist Violence
  • Communal Violence
  • Terrorism And Insurgency
  • Violence By Militants In North-east
  • Leftist Extremism And Caste Senas
  • Impact of Violence By Militants
  • Diversion of Development Funds
  • Remedial Measures Needed For Good Governance

  • Equipping Police For Proxy Wars
  • Orientation For Human Rights
  • Promotion of Transparency, Responsibility And Accountability In Police

38.Indian Judiciary And Challenges of 21st Century

  • As Anand

  • Need For

  • Restraintand Caution

  • Alarm-clock Function of Judiciary
  • Preventing Misuse of Pil
  • Accountability And Transparency
  • Impartially As The Greatest Asset
  • Speedy Justice
  • Delays
  • Cumbersome Procedure, Laxity, Indiscipline
  • Need For Financial And Administrative Autonomy
  • Challenge or Expensive Justice
  • Administration of Criminal Justice

39.The Challenges of Globalisation For Civil Servants

  • P.R Ramaswamy

  • Challenges Before Civil Servants

40.Zero Base Budgeting: Re-emphasised In India—a Case of

  • Research And Development Organisation

  • Nand Dhameja

  • Zero Base Budgeting: The Process

  • Issues

41.Role of All-india Services In Centre-state Relation

  • U.C Agarwal

42.Opening Government For Public Scrutiny: a Critique of

  • Recent Efforts To Make Governance In India More

  • Transparent And Accountable

  • R.B Jain

  • Observations

  • The Journey of Indian Federalism

43.Indian Federalism At Work: Role of Governor

  • Sudhanshu Tripathi

  • The Journey of Indian Federalism

  • Conclusion

44.Public Services In India: Issues of Neutrality Vs

  • Commitment

  • Ahmad Shamshad

  • Anonymity And Neutrality
  • The Concept of Commitment
  • Desirability of Neutrality
  • Mixing Commitment With Politicisation
  • Civil Services Activism
  • Conclusions And Suggestions
  • Legislative Committees Have The Potential to Playa Vitalvrole In Ensuring

45.Indian Party System Towards Coalition Governance: Need For Introspection

  • R.K. Poonia, P. S Malik And Saroj Malik

  • Major Problem Areas of Coalition Government: Political Instability
  • Typical Irresponsible Opposition
  • Increasing Number of Criminals In Policies
  • Proliferation of Parties

  • Conclusion

46.Privatisation And Public Enterprises In India: Issues of

  • Policy And Implementation

  • C.V Raghavulu

  • The Concept of Liberalisation

  • The Concept
  • Strategy of Privatizing The Pses In India
  • Disinvestment Deterrents
  • Employee Participation In Pse Equity
  • Politics of Privatisation
  • Absence of Criteria For Judging Efficiency of The Two Sectors
  • Rivalry of Motives And Interests
  • Lack of Transparency In Transfer of Pses
  • Norms And Institutions For Transparency In Privatisation Process
  • Keeping Privatisation Deals Above Suspicion
  • Expert Body to Assess Investments, Costs, Etc

47.Police And Good Governance: Promotion of Human Rights

  • Ved Marwah

  • Police Performance—measures Needed For Improvements
  • Mechanisms of Accountability
  • Mandatory Enquiries In Custodial Deaths, Computerization, And Emphasis on
  • Specialization
  • Causes of Brutalization
  • Systemic Compulsions And
  • Need of Quick-fix Solutions
  • Need To Involve other
  • Agencies In Crime Prevention
  • Need To Break Police-politician-criminal Nexus And Making People Rights
  • Oriented
  • Reforming The Process of Interrogation

48.Action Plan For An Effective And Responsive Government

  • Introduction

  • Accountableand Citizen-friendly Government

  1.  Citizen’s Charter
  2.  Redressal of Public Grievances
  3.  Decentralisation And Devolution of Powers
  4.  Review of Laws, Regulations And Procedures
    Transparency In Government And Right To Information
    Access to Information
  • Improving The Performance of The Public Service

  1.  Code of Ethics
  2.  Cleansing The Administration
  3.  Stability of Tenures And Constitution of Civil Services Board
  • Futureaction

  • Action Plan

49.Corruption And Need to Curb It

  • P.D Malaviya

  • Appraisals Of Integrity
  • Public Enquires
  • Punishment For Minor Irregularities
  • Conclusion

50.Some Perspectives on Governance For Development

  • B.G Deshmukh

  • Perspectives on Developmentand Governance

  • Perspective on Innovations
  • Perspective on International Outlook
  • Perspective on
  • Governance For Development
  • Perspective on Environment And Ecology
  • Perspective on Leadership In Governance
  • Perspective on Assurance Approach

51.Socio-economic Development In

  • India And Five Decades of Planning

  • Ahmad Shamshad

  • Conclusion

52.Voluntary Associations And Development:

  • The Indian Experience

  • Bidyut Charkrabarty

  • Democratic Process And Voluntary Agencies
  • Concluding Observations

53.People’s Participation In Governance

  • E Vayunandan And Dolly Mathew

  • Peoples Participation—meaning And Prerequisites
  • Methods Of People’s Participation
  • Conclusion

54.Constitutional Head Of State Without Constitutional

  • Security—the Governor And His Removal

  • Priti Saxena

  • Governor After 1967
  • Recommendations Of Various Committees And Commissions \
  • Summation

55.Rural Development Schemes In Chhattisgarh

  •  P.C Mishra

  • Rural Development Schemes In Panchayat And Rural Development Sector

  • Sampurna Grammen Rozgar Yojana (Sgry)

  • Swaranjayanti Gram Swarozgaryojana (Sgsy)

  • Pradhan Mantri Grameen Sadak Yojana (Pmgsy)

  • Indiraawasyojana (Iay)

  • Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya (Graminawas)Yojana (Pmgy)

  • Watershedarea Development Programme (Hariyali)

  • National Food Forwork Programme (Nffwp)

  • Rashtriya Samvikas

  • Yojana (Rsvy)

  • International/Otheragencies

  • Chhattisgarh District Poverty Reduction Programme (Cgdprp)

  • Training

  • Chhattisgarh State Institute Of Rural Development (Cgsird)

56.Towards Excellence In Disaster Management: Governance

  • And Sustainability Of Post-disaster Initiatives

  • Pramod K Mishra

  • Introduction

  • Someaspects Of Governance

57.Need For Ethical Empowerment as Social And Political

  • Reform

  • A Ranga Reddy

  • Civilisationsand

  • Unethicalactions

  • Originand Development Of Ethics

  • Individual And Social Choices
  • Non-restriction
  • Positive Associations
  • Irrelevant Alternatives
  • Non-imposition
  • Non-dictatorship

  • Social Justiceand Development

  • Socio-economicand

  • Political Systemand Ethics

  • Changing Ethics In

  • Indianadministration

  • Nature —the Best Manager

  • Ethics—key To Social Well-being

  • Sustainable Environment

  • Conclusion

58.Revamping The Role of Government as a Regulator

  • O.P Minocha

59.Sustainable Development: The Concept And Policy

  • Perspectives

  • N.R Inamdar

  • The Concept

  • Framework Of Indian Policiesandtheir Implementation

  • Conceptualization In The Constitution of India
  • Public Policies, Legal Instruments And Administrative Mechanisms

60.Environmentalism, Ecology And Voluntary Movement

  • Harsh Sethi

 

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