IES General English Previous Year Paper (2003)
Answers must be written in English.
1. Write an essay on one of the following topics in about 1000-1200 words
(a) India and her Neighbours
(b) Ethics and Politics
(c) Advantages of Information Technology
(d) Future of Sports of India
(e) Modern Fashions
(f) Censorship of the Media
(g) My vision of an ideal world order.
2. Write an precise of the following passage in about 200 words, using your own
words as far as possible Please mention the number of words used in your
(Note: The precise must be written only on the special sheets provided for the
purpose - one word in each block - and these sheets should be fastened securely
inside the answer book) Most of us, I suppose, are burdened with the complexity
of our present-day problems. We live our day-to-day lies and face our day-to-day
difficulties, but somehow that is not enough. One seeks something behind that
daily round and tries to find out how one can solve the problems that afflict
the world. For one whom circumstances have placed in a position of great
responsibility it is particularly difficult to avoid thinking about these
problems. During the last few weeks I have been going about this great country
and seeing multitudes of human beings, surging masses of my countrymen and
countrywomen. I have thus invariably thought of what was going to happen to
these people, what they were thinking and in which direction they were going.
These questions apply to us because we are in the same boat. And then I think of
the multitudes in other countries. What about those vast masses of human beings?
Some of us here are functioning on the political plane and presuming to decide
the fate of nations. How far our decisions do affects these multitudes? Do we
think of them or do we live in some upper stratosphere of diplomats and
politicians and the like, exchanging notes and sometimes using harsh words
against one another? In the context of this mighty world, its vast masses of
human beings and the tremendous phase of transition through which we are
passing, political becomes rather trivial. I have no particular light to throw
on the problems that you have been discussing; rather I would like to put some
of the difficulties that I have in my mind before you and I hope that when I
have occasion to read some of the reports of what you have been saying to each
other, perhaps, those addresses might help me to understand the methods of
solving some of these problems.
Now, one of my chief difficulties is this: somehow it seems
to me that the modern world is getting completely out of tune with what I might
call the life of the mind - I am leaving out the life of the spirit at the
moment. Yet, the modern world is entirely the outcome of the life of the mind.
After all, it is the human mind that has produced everything that we see around
us and feel around us. Civilization is the product of the human mind and yet,
strangely enough, one begins to feel that the function of the mind becomes less
and less important in the modern world or, at any rate, is no longer so
important as it used to be. The mind may count for a great deal in specialized
domains; it does and so we make great progress in those specialized domains of
life, but generally speaking, the mind as a whole counts for less and less. That
is my impression. If it is a correct impression, then there is something
radically wrong with the civilization that we are building or have built. The
changes that are so rapidly taking place emphasize other aspects of life and
somehow prevent the mind from functioning as it should and as perhaps it used to
do in the earlier periods of the world’s history. If that is true, then surely
it is not a good outlook for the world, because the very basis on which our
civilization has grown, on which man has risen step by step the great heights on
which he stands today, the very foundation of the edifice is shaken.
In India, we are more particularly concerned about the
primary necessities of life for our people; we are concerned with food for our
people, with clothing, shelter and housing for our people, with education,
health and so on. Unless you have these primary necessities, it seems futile to
me to talk about the life of the mind or the life of the spirit. You cannot talk
of God to a starving person; you must give him food. One must deal with these
primary necessities, it is true. Nevertheless, even
in dealing with them one has to have some kind of ideal or objective in view. If
that ideal or objective, somehow, becomes less and less connected with the
growth of the human mind, then there must be something wrong. I do not know if
what I say is true or whether you agree with it and I do not know, even if it is
true, what can be done to improve I am, if I may say so, a great admirer of the
achievements of modern civilization, of the growth of and applications of
science and of technological growth. Humanity has eve reason to be proud of them
and yet if these achievements lessen the capacity for future growth - and that
will happen if the mind deteriorates - then surely there is something wrong
about this process.
It is obvious that ultimately the mind should dominate. I am
not mentioning the spirit against but that comes into the picture, too. If the
world suffers from mental deterioration or from moral degradation, then
something goes wrong at the very root of civilization or culture. Even though
that civilization may drag out for a considerable period, it grows less and less
vital and ultimately tumbles down. When I look back on the periods of past
history, I find certain period very outstanding. They show great achievements of
the human mind, while some others do not. One finds races achieving a high level
and then apparently fading away in terms of achievements. And so I wonder
whether this fading away of high cultures is not happening today and producing
an inner weakness in the structure of our modern civilization.
3. Write a single paragraph, in about 200 words, on one of the following topics
(a) Old habits die hard;
(b) Sweets are the uses of adversity;
(c) Anger is one letter short of danger;
(d) The hand that rocks the cradle rules the world.
4. Use the following words in sentences so as to bring out their meaning
clearly. Do not change the form of the word. No mark will be given for a vague
or ambiguous answer: 10
(a) inquisitive (adjective)
(b) temperance (noun)
(c) retrieve (verb)
(d) specious (adjective)
(e) convalesce (verb)
5. Supply the correct forms of verbs given in parentheses in the following
passage : 10
Inquiry revealed that the smuggling
(1. go) on for a long time, but the actual offence detected
(2. involve) a trifling sum. We went to Parsi Rustomji’s counsel who
(3. persue) the papers and said,“The case
(4. try) by a jury and a Natal jury will be the last
(5. acquit) an Indian. But I
(6. not give up) hope.” Gandhiji
(7. not know) this counsel intimately, and contrary to the counsel’s opinion,
he advised Rustomji to confess his offence. Rustomji was a brave man, but his
courage failed him for the moment. His name and fame were at stake. He surmised
(8. be) if the edifice he
(9 rear) with such care and labour (10. collapse).
6. Correct the following sentences without changing their meaning. Please do
not make unnecessary changes in the sentences : (10)
(a) The Principal thanked the manager for the trouble he had taken for
collecting donations for
the college building.
(b) Rice grown in Doon valley is of rich quality.
(c) Bread and butter are a standard combination.
(d) Under no circumstances the accused can escape the punishment.
(e) ‘Ram doesn’t like English movies ‘‘No I do’.
(f) The admission fee has been drastically reduced with a view to enable a large
section of students to take the entrance test.
(g) I saw a dead snake running across the field.
(h) The manager only chose such workers for his Company whom he could trust.
(i) The Principal was pleased that the students do not violate the college
(j) Drinking fruit juice and vegetable soup is more preferable than eating junk